The 112 Calls

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Raffaele Sollecito made two calls to 112, the Italian emergency number, on the morning of November 2, 2007. The first one at 12:51:40 pm lasted 169 seconds (therefore ending at 12:54:29) and the second one at 12:54 pm 57 seconds (see Phone Records). The following transcripts were pieced together from videos broadcast by SKY[1] and TG1[2] by PMF contributors Popper and Zorba (1st call and parts of the 2nd call) and Wiki contributor Horgan (parts of the 2nd call). The transcripts have also been compared with Daniele Ceppitelli's Testimony transcript where both calls are included. The translations of the calls were undertaken by Clander of the PerugiaMurderFile.Org forum.

Several things about these calls seem suspicious:

  • Sollecito clearly states that "there hasn't been a burglary" and "they have not taken anything". How does he know that nothing has been taken?
  • It sounds as though Sollecito knows that the situation at the cottage is a great deal more serious than is apparent from a broken window, a messed-up room and a few blood stains. He reluctantly provides more details when the police don't appreciate the seriousness.

Contents

Content of the 112 Calls

First Call

Second Call

Italian transcript

First call

POLICE:
Carabinieri.
RS:
Pronto buongiorno senta ... qualcuno è praticamente entrato in casa sfondando la finestra e ha messo molto disordine c'è una porta chiusa .. la via è....
AK:
[In background] Via della Pergola.
RS:
Via della pergola 7.
POLICE:
Via...?
RS:
Della Pergola 7, a Perugia.
POLICE:
Via della Pergola 7. Abitazione signor?
RS:
Il ...ehmm... .. Amanda ..
POLICE:
Eh??
RS:
La...chi ci abita dentro ..ehmm .. sono un gruppo di studenti tra cui Amanda Knox.
POLICE:
Mi dia il nome ed il cellulare di uno degli affittuari.
RS:
OK. Amanda ...
POLICE:
Sì..
RS:
Eh..il cognome K, N...
POLICE:
Sì..
RS:
...O, X.
POLICE:
Sì..
RS:
Il numero di cellulare … ehhh.
POLICE:
Pronto?
RS:
Sì, sì. Sto prendendo il numero.

[Long pause]

RS:
348
POLICE:
Sì.
RS:
46
POLICE:
Sì.
RS:
73
POLICE:
Sì.
RS:
590
POLICE:
590?
RS:
Sì.
POLICE:
Furto in abitazione eh?
RS:
No, non ... non c'è il furto... hanno rotto la finestra... molto disordine... c'è pure una porta chiusa... pure disordine.
POLICE:
Un attimo, eh.

[Music plays for 5 seconds]

POLICE:
Pronto??
RS:
Sì.
POLICE:
Allora guardi, cioè praticamente sono entrati .. hanno rotto un vetro .. e come sa che sono entrati?
RS:
Si vede dai segni... che c'è gocce... ci sono pure macchie di sangue nel bagno.
POLICE:
Cioè, sono entrati e. .. perché ... sono rotti ... cioè, anzi si sono tagliati rompendo il vetro?
RS:
Ehmm...questo...
POLICE:
Pronto??

[The call is cut off.]

Second call

POLICE:
Carabinieri, Perugia.
RS:
Sì, salve. Ho chiamato due secondi fa praticamente.
POLICE:
Cualquno è entrato in casa, rotto il vetro?
RS:
Sì.
POLICE:
No? Poi è andato al bagno.
RS:
Ma non lo so, cioè... se vuole venire qui magari...
POLICE:
Cosa hanno asportato?
RS:
Eh non hanno portato via niente - il problema è che c'è la porta chiusa... ci sono macchie di sangue.
POLICE:
C'è una porta chiusa. Qual è la porta chiusa?
RS:
Di una delle coinquiline che non c'è e non sappiamo dove sia..
POLICE:
Ci sono fuori dalla porta di questa coinquilina che non c'è delle macchie di sangue?
RS:
Nel bagno ci sono le macchie di sangue.
POLICE:
Ah, nel bagno. E questa porta è chiusa. Questa ragazza... avete un cellulare, un...?
RS:
Sì sì abbiamo cercato di chiamarla ma non risponde da nessuna parte.
POLICE:
Va bene, adesso mando una pattuglia così verifichiamo la situazione.
RS:
OK.
POLICE:
Va bene?
RS:
OK.
POLICE:
Arrivederci.
RS:
Arrivederci.


English translation

First call

Translated by Clander of PerugiaMurderFile.Org.

POLICE:
Carabinieri
RS:
Hello, good day, listen ... someone has entered the house breaking the window and has made a big mess and there is a closed door. The street is… RS to AK: What's the street?
AK:
[Background] Via della Pergola.
RS:
Via della Pergola 7.
POLICE:
Via?
RS:
della Pergola 7, in Perugia.
POLICE:
Residence of mister...?
RS:
Ehmm... Amanda Knox.
POLICE:
Eh??
RS:
The... who lives here is... they are a group of students among which there is Amanda Knox.
POLICE:
Give me the name and mobile number of one of the tenants.
RS:
OK. Amanda.
POLICE:
Yes...
RS:
The last name K, N...
POLICE:
Yes...
RS:
O, X.
POLICE:
Yes
RS:
The mobile number... ehhh.
POLICE:
Hello?
RS:
Yes, yes, I'm here. I'm taking the number.

[Long pause]

RS:
348
POLICE:
Yes.
RS:
46
POLICE:
Yes.
RS:
73
POLICE:
Yes.
RS:
590
POLICE:
590?
RS:
Yes.
POLICE:
Theft [burglary] in the house eh?
RS:
No, there's no theft... they broke a window... there is a mess... there is also a closed door... a mess.
POLICE:
Just a moment please.

[Music plays for 5 seconds]

POLICE:
Hello?
RS:
Yes.
POLICE:
So listen, they entered... they broke a window... and how do you know they entered?
RS:
It can be seen by the signs... that there are drops... there are blood stains in the bathroom.
POLICE:
So they entered... because the [window's] broken... did they cut themselves breaking the window?
RS:
Ehmm... this...

[The call is cut off.]

POLICE:
Hello?


Second call

Translated by Clander of PerugiaMurderFile.Org.

POLICE:
Carabinieri, Perugia.
RS:
Yes hello, I called two seconds ago.
POLICE:
Someone has entered the house and broke the window?
RS:
Yes.
POLICE:
Then they went into the bathroom.
RS:
I don't know, if you come here perhaps...
POLICE:
What did they take?
RS:
They didn't take anything, the problem is the closed door, there are bloodstains.
POLICE:
There is a closed door. Which door's closed?
RS:
[The door] of one of the flatmates who isn't here and we don't know where she is.
POLICE:
And there are blood stains outside the door of this flatmate who's not there?
RS:
The blood stains are in the bathroom.
POLICE:
Oh in the bathroom. And this door is closed. And this girl, do you have her mobile number, her ...?
RS:
Yes, yes, we tried to call her but she's not answering.
POLICE:
OK, I'll send a patrol car now and we'll check the situation out.
RS:
OK.
POLICE:
OK?
RS:
OK.
POLICE:
Goodbye.
RS:
Goodbye.


Were the 112 calls made before or after the Postal Police unexpectedly arrived?

Nencini Findings Regarding The 112 Calls

The Nencini Court concluded that Raffaele Sollecito called the Carabinieri about 15 minutes after Inspector Battistelli and Marsi arrived.[3] The Court concluded that Amanda Knox ans Raffaele Sollecito surprised by the unexpected arrival of the postal police lied about calling the Carabinieri and then later placed the two 112 calls.[4]

The Courts reasoning in doing so is very similar to the conclusions we arrived at by reconstructing the events of November 2 that you'll find below. The Court's reasoning can be read here: The Nencini Sentencing Report: Discussion Of Whether 112 Calls Were Made Before Or After Arrival of Postal Police

Original Introduction

There is considerable debate about whether the calls to the police emergency number happened before or after the Postal Police's arrival. It seems probable that Judge Micheli, who concluded that Sollecito's calls to 112 were made after the Postal Police arrived unexpectedly, was correct in his evaluation. Judge Borsini who reduced Rudy Guede's sentence from 30 to 16 years on appeal in 2009, agreed with Judge Micheli that the 112 calls were made after the Postal Police arrived.[5] Judge Massei reluctantly concluded that the calls were made before the Postal Police arrived but he did so only because he could not imagine how the Postal Police would not have noticed the calls being made.[6]

A basic introduction to the 112 calls

The arrival of the Postal Police at the cottage was in response to the discovery of Meredith’s mobile phones in the garden of Elisabetta Lana, a short distance from the cottage.[7] Filippo Bartolozzi, the director of the Postal Police, testified that he dispatched two officers at noon.[8] The two officers assigned to investigate the mobile phones were Michele Battistelli and Fabio Marzi. They testified that they arrived at the cottage shortly after 12:30 pm with Battistelli specifying that he looked at his watch when they entered the cottage and it was 12:35 pm.[9] Officer Mauro Barbadori testified that an examination of the CCTV video from the parking garage showed the Postal Police arriving at 12:26 pm and heading in the wrong direction.[10] At 12:41 pm, the Postal Police appear on the CCTV again.[11]

Raffaele Sollecito made two calls to the Italian emergency number 112. The first one was at 12:51:40 pm and lasted 169 seconds and the second one was at 12:54:39 pm and lasted 57 seconds.[12] This creates a problem for Amanda Knox and Raffaele Sollecito since the phone records show that they called the police after the Postal Police had already arrived.

The defense contends that the 112 calls were made shortly before the Postal Police arrived at 1:01 pm. The defense did not offer any evidence to support their position other than an argument that the officers of the Postal Police would have noticed the calls being made if they were present when Sollecito called.[13] After the evidentiary phase of the Massei trial had concluded on October 9th Raffaele Sollecito's lawyer attempted to have a presentation called Postal.pdf admitted as evidence at an Article 507 request.[14] Under the Italian Code of Criminal Procedure parties can request that the court engage in its own investigation of the evidence.[15] The Postal.PDF argument was one of at least ten items that defense lawyers requested the Massei court address.[16] It did not get much attention as it was considered a minor request compared to the requests for an independent assessment of the DNA evidence. The Massei court deliberated for two hours and then announced that they had decided to reject all of the Article 507 requests.[17]

The Postal.pdf that the defense attempted to introduce focuses on images of a Carabinieri patrol vehicle being recorded by the CCTV camera from the parking garage that also recorded the Postal Police looking for the cottage.[18] The Carabinieri had called their HQ reporting that they were on Via della Pergola at 1:26 pm but unable to locate #7.[19] According to Barbadori's calibration of the CCTV clock the video images of the Carabinieri patrol would have occurred at 1:12 pm.[20] The defense claims that some legs in a grainy image belong to the Carabinieri and have them arriving at 1:13 pm according to Barbadori's calibration of the CCTV clock.[21] Since the Carabinieri called for directions at 1:26 pm, Barbadori's calibration of the CCTV clock has to be wrong. The defense maintains that rather than 10 minutes fast the CCTV clock was instead at least 13 minutes slow.[22] If you apply this adjustment to the timestamp and accept that two unidentified figures as Battistelli and Marsi then the CCTV video has the Postal Police arriving at 1:01 pm rather than 12:35 pm.[23] There are several problems with the Postal.pdf argument that we will address later and which were likely the motivation for the defense's decision to wait until the eleventh hour to attempt to introduce an exculpatory evidence that the acknowledge being aware of from the start of the trial.[24]

Reconstructing what happened between 12:00 pm and 2:00 pm on November 2, 2007

Reconstructing the timeline in this section would make it too complicated for casual readers. As such we have created a separate page where we show our work to justify the following as the correct timeline. See 112 Calls: Timeline - Substantiation

This timeline is the most accurate reconstruction of what happened for the two hours between Meredith's mobile phones being delivered to the Postal Police and the discovery of Meredith's murder and subsequent arrival of first responders.

Timeline from 11:50am to 1:45pm

Timeline of the Critical Period (12:20pm to 1:20pm)

If you have JavaScript enabled hovering over timeline will magnify. Use arrow keys to navigate


It is clear that Raffaele Sollecito called the 112 emergency number after the Postal Police had already arrived. Sollecito and Knox used the arrival of Luca and Marco as their opportunity to go into Knox's room and make the calls. Based on all the testimony of the six people besides Knox and Sollecito who were present this timeline fits their testimony and comes together beautifully as independent pieces come together to corroborate each other.[25] Plus or minus a couple of minutes this is an accurate timeline for what happened November 2, 2007 and it proves Sollecito called the emergency number after the Postal Police had already arrived.[26]

Is It Even Possible For the 112 Calls to Have Been Made Before The Postal Police Arrived?

The earliest the Postal Police could arrive that would be after the 112 calls were made is 12:56pm as Sollecito's phone records indicate that the call ended at 12:55:36pm.[27] The latest estimate for Filomena and Paola's arrival is 1:05pm with all the other estimates being 1:00pm or earlier.[28] Unless everyone is wrong about when Filomena and Paola arrived it is impossible for the 112 calls to have happened before the arrival of the Postal Police.

Using the discovery of the body as the limit we have the following situation.

While it is not impossible it is a really tight fit and would require the everyone present independently misremember the amount of time between events. Marsi says that it was at least 20 minutes before anyone else arrived and Marco says it was 15 minutes while Luca says 30 minutes before the girls arrived.[29] For the calls to have happened before the Postal Police arrived what is being estimated as more than 35 minutes would actually have had to have happened in about 12-14 minutes. Is it reasonable to expect that multiple people including two officers would be that bad at estimating time?

Battistelli testified that when he entered the cottage he looked at his watch and that the time was 12:35pm.[30] For the 112 calls to have happened before the Postal Police arrived Battistelli would have to be mistaken by almost half an hour. Images captured by a CCTV camera when combined with the testimony of what was involved in finding the cottage has the Postal Police arriving at 12:35pm.[31] For the calls to have happened after this also would have to be wrong despite the fact that it independently arrives at the same arrival time as Battistelli states he got from looking at his watch.

Problems with Postal.Pdf

There are a lot of problems with the argument the defense attempted to introduce at the last moment. These issues were likely strong considerations in why the defense choose to not advance this argument until the evidentary phase of the trial had concluded.

Uses the Incorrect Time as a Marker

Postal.pdf is based on the argument that the Carabinieri would not have called for directions if they had already arrived. The argument starts with the 1:29:00 pm call requesting directions. The call lasted 296 seconds and the defense makes the claim that the Carabinieri could not have been seen on the CCTV video until the end of that call. The flaw in this reasoning is that the Carabinieri patrol car did not call Sollecito. Daniele Ceppitelli from the Carabinieri headquarters called Sollecito at the request of the patrol car.[32] The patrol car called at 1:26 pm to explain that they were on Via della Pergola but were having trouble finding the address. Ceppitelli called Raffaele Sollecito to get the directions not the patrol car.[33] By the time headquarters called back to give the patrol car directions at 1:35 pm, they were informed by the patrol car that they had found the property on their own.[34] In addition, the patrol car had been at the scene sufficient time that when Ceppitelli contacted them to give them directions and tell them about the murder, the Carabinieri at the scene were already aware of everything. The phone calls from the Carabinieri looking for assistance in finding the property indicate that the Carabinieri were not at the cottage at 1:26 pm, but they could have arrived any time between the conclusion of the 1:26 pm communication and 1:35 pm when Ceppitelli contacted them and discovered that they had found the cottage on their own.

Incorrectly Identifies Two Unknown Human Figures As Battistelli and Marsi

A second error in Postal.Pdf is that the defense has picked two unknown sets of legs and arbitrarily decided that these legs belong to Inspector Battistelli and Marsi.

The defense maintains that the figure on the left is Marsi and that the figure on the left is Inspector Battistelli.[35] That contradicts the testimony of both Marsi and Battistelli. According two both officers of the Postal Police after failing to find #7 Via della Pergola they did a loop and tried again.[36] When they reached the entrance to the parking garage Battistelli exited the vehicle but Marsi never did.[37] Battistelli went to look for #7 Via della Pergola which he quickly found.[38] He then waved to Marsi from the gate who drove the Fiat Punto from the parking garage to the parking lot at the cottage.[39] Marsi parked the car at the cottage and went to meet Battistelli who was already talking to Amanda Knox and Raffaele Sollecito.[40] When Marsi caught up to Battistelli he was already at the front door to the cottage.[41] The defense has the two officers meeting in the middle of the street which didn't happen according to the officers. The defense has picked two set of unidentifiable legs that cannot be Battistelli and Marsi and just decided that it is them because it is convenient for this argument.

Does the CCTV Footage Show The Carabinieri Arriving?

Another issue with Postal.PDF is that there it does not necessarily establish that the Carabinieri is arriving. In the images of the Carabinieri patrol the car is definitely moving over to the oncoming lane and at one point a white car passes between the camera and the Carabinieri vehicle so the car is moving slowly and toward the oncoming lane.[42]

This is the view from above.

Even if we assume the Carabinieri patrol is pulling into the driveway of the cottage the cottage is back from the road and not easily visible from the driveway. The driveway is on Viale Sant'Antonio so even if they saw the cottage they might not thought it was Via della Pergola #7. The Carabinieri patrol having reached the end of Via della Pergola could just be using the driveway to turn around much like the Postal Police reversed their direction when they reached the end of Via della Pergola and did not see the address.[43] The way to resolve this would have been to call the officers of Carabinieri as witnesses and have them testify but the defense never did that. Further, by not attempting to submit Postal.PDF until after the evidentiary phase of the trial had ended it prevented the prosecution from themselves seeking out the officers to get clarification. At a minimum the defense should have at least provided the rest of the video to establish that the car did not back up and head off down the road to continue their search.

Even if you accept that is the Carabinieri arriving it still means the 112 calls happened after the Postal Police arrived

The Postal.PDF argument relied on the 1:29pm call that lasted 296 seconds to say that the Carabinieri could not have arrived until after 1:34pm.[44] This reasoning is incorrect. The Carabinieri patrol car never called Amanda Knox's mobile phone.[45] The patrol car called Daniele Ceppitelli at 1:26pm and Cappitelli called Knox's phone. By the time Cappitelli contacted the Carabinieri patrol car at 1:35pm the patrol was already at the cottage and had been there for enough time to know about the body that had been discovered.[46] The Carabinieri patrol had found Via della Pergola on their own at some point between 1:26pm and 1:35pm.

The image of the Carabinieri patrol car (pictured in section above) has the time stamp as 1:22:30pm.[47] Using the known range for possible arrival times of the Carabinieri we end up with a range of the clock on the CCTV system being 4 to 12 minutes slow.

The Postal.PDF also incorrectly pegs the arrival of Battistelli and Marsi to two pairs of legs meeting in the road. That is not Battistelli and Marsi. Marsi never left the vehicle only Battistelli did.[48] If the CCTV camera had captured the arrival of the Postal Police it would have shown Battistelli alone on foot followed by the Fiat Punto that would have been parked at the entrance to the parking garage. Since this was not captured by the CCTV camera we only have the 12:41pm image of the Fiat Punto driving past the cottage.[49] Based on the testimony of Battistelli and Marsi we know that the route they took has an estimated travel time of 4 minutes and that they found the cottage nearly immediately upon arrival.[50] That would make the arrival time as about 12:45pm. Since under this hypothesis the camera would be between 4 and 12 minutes slow the arrival time of the Postal Police would be between 12:49pm and 12:57pm. That is either before or during the calls to the 112 emergency number.

Why Massei's Reasoning in Finding the Calls Happened Before the Postal Police Arrived Is Flawed

On Page 89 of the PMF English translation of the Massei Report

to what is maintained by the defendants’ defence, arrived after Raffaele Sollecito’s telephone call to 112, and this by nothing other than the fact that regarding these calls to 112, the Postal Police say nothing; in the same way that they said nothing about those that preceded them, at 12:40 pm and at 12:50 pm; each of these phone calls being of a not brief duration that, therefore, would not have escaped the attention of the two police officers) that there has been a burglary.[51]

The linchpin in Massei's reasoning is that it would not have been possible for Knox and Sollecito to have made the phone calls without being noticed by the Postal Police. This assumes that Knox and Sollecito were always in view of the two officers which is not the case. From Paola Grande's witness statement we have the following;

We arrived just before 1pm and when we entered the house we met Luca Alteri and Marco with a man that we later discovered worked for the postal police and who was there with his colleague. Amanda and Raffaele were in Amanda's room because at a certain point they came out into the corridor and we introduced ourselves.[52]

Luca Alteri states that he saw Knox and Sollecito go into Knox's room in his witness statement. The prosecution did not ask either of these witnesses about these statements so that Knox and Sollecito were in Knox's room for a period of time that corresponds with the time when all their phone activity occurred was never entered into evidence before Massei. Had Massei known that Knox and Sollecito had an opportunity to seek out privacy during the time of the calls he would not have come to the conclusion that it was impossible for Sollecito to make the calls unnoticed. This was a failing of the prosecution in not realizing that these seemingly unimportant details contained in the witness statements actually would turn out to be significant.

Massei did miss a response from Inspector Battistelli that also brings into question his reasoning that the Postal Police would have noticed the calls being made.

LM:
Another question: Before, you said that Amanda stayed inside the flat and Raffaele was going back and forth inside and outside. Could you see, could you see Raffaele all the time?
MB:
When he was outside no, I was on the inside, waiting, then after this whole inspection thing in the room, I was waiting for Romanelli's phone number, this number here was given to me, but Raffaele was outside[53]

The exchange is interrupted by Massei and Battistelli revises his statement to say that Sollecito actually was present and standing by the door when Knox gave him the wrong number for Filomena but the important part for the purposes of the 112 calls is that Sollecito was going outside and not always observable by the Postal Police.

Nencini's reasoning about the calls

At Knox and Sollecito's appeal, in 2013, Judge Nencini re-examined all the evidence regarding the calls. It is one of the few areas in which Nencini contradicts the conclusions reached by the Massei Court, stating that Massei's evaluation is one "which this Court does not feel it can share".[54] Nencini re-examines all the witness statements, the phone logs and the defense arguments and concludes as follows:

"At 12:34:56 pm of 2 November 2007 the two defendants were contacted by the telephone call of Ms. Romanelli whom they told about the presumed burglary, so as to provoke her return to the cottage. A very few minutes went by while the two defendants were probably deciding what to do, when the unexpected arrival of Inspector Battistelli created a sudden intrusion. The police were not expected, because nobody had yet called the police forces, and the two defendants were not aware of the reasons for their intervention.

Amanda Marie Knox and Raffaele Sollecito therefore found themselves faced with a situation which they had not anticipated, which was not planned, and which required immediate countermeasures. The officers were thus directed to see what must have seemed to them the scene of a robbery, and they were reassured about the fact that the Carabinieri had been advised, and that therefore their presence was not absolutely necessary. But the two policemen had not arrived there by chance, since they were looking for Filomena Romanelli who lived there, and so they did not go away. They stayed on the scene even when Ms. Romanelli, her friend Paola Grande, and young women’s two fiancés arrived. In the meantime Raffaele Sollecito was seeing to the making of the calls to 112, preceded by the one to his sister, while Amanda Marie Knox, at 12:47:23 pm was calling her mother’s American telephone service, talking with her for 88 seconds.

It is to be observed how nobody took any notice of the movements of the two defendants in the half hour which went by from the arrival of Inspector Battistelli and when, presumably around one in the afternoon, the door of Meredith Kercher’s room was broken down and the body was discovered."[55]

Conclusion

The evidence that Raffaele Sollecito called the 112 emergency number after the Postal Police had already unexpectedly arrived is conclusive.

After The Postal Police Arrived Before The Postal Police Arrived
The Postal Police took 35 minutes to get to Via della Pergola 7. The expected travel time from Via Mario Angeloni 72 to Via della Pergola is between 12 and 15 minutes. The Postal Police did a loop which was 4 minutes and estimate that they looked for the cottage for about 5 minutes. The Postal Police took an hour to reach an address that is at most 15 minutes away and while difficult to find on a road that is only 90 meters long. The Postal Police were incorrect when they both estimated that it took them about 30 minutes.
The seven people present all give time estimates which while not perfect do strongly corroborate each other and fit nicely into a timeline with minor shaping. The three officers of the Postal Police and four individuals are all wrong on all their time estimates in most cases by 200-300%
Battistelli looked at his watch and took note of the time so he could file his report later and it was 12:35pm when he went into the cottage Battistelli is wrong about looking at his watch and noting that it was 12:35pm when he entered the cottage.
The Postal Police examined the CCTV equipment and found it to be ten minutes fast. The Postal Police made basic mistakes in calibrating the clock on the CCTV equipment
Postal.PDF was valid exculpatory evidence that the defense admitted to knowing about but nevertheless did not use.

Notes

  1. SKY video
  2. TG1 video
  3. The Nencini Sentencing Report p163
  4. The Nencini Sentencing Report p175
  5. The Borsini-Belardi Sentencing Report a partial translation unrelated to this site is available here
  6. Massei PMF Translation p89
  7. Filippo Bartolozzi's Testimony
  8. Filippo Bartolozzi's Testimony
  9. Michele Battistelli's Testimony
  10. Mauro Barbadori's Testimony
  11. Mauro Barbadori's Testimony
  12. Phone Records
  13. Massei PMF Translation p.88
  14. Summary of October 9, 2009
  15. Summary of October 9, 2009
  16. Summary of October 9, 2009
  17. Summary of October 9, 2009
  18. Postale.pdf
  19. Daniele Ceppitelli's Testimony
  20. Mauro Barbadori's Testimony
  21. Postale.pdf
  22. Postale.pdf
  23. Postale.pdf
  24. Mauro Barbadori's Testimony - Bongiorno cross-examination
  25. 112 Calls: Timeline - Substantiation#Postal Police Timeline
  26. 112 Calls: Timeline - Substantiation
  27. Phone Records
  28. 112 Calls: Timeline - Substantiation#Filomena Romanelli and Paola Grande
  29. Luca Altieri's Testimony,Marco Zaroli's Testimony. and Fabio Marsi's Testimony
  30. Michele Battistelli's Testimony
  31. 112 Calls: Timeline - Substantiation#Postal Police Arrive
  32. Daniele Ceppitelli's Testimony
  33. Daniele Ceppitelli's Testimony
  34. Daniele Ceppitelli's Testimony
  35. Postale.pdf
  36. Fabio Marsi's Testimony and Michele Battistelli's Testimony
  37. Fabio Marsi's Testimony and Michele Battistelli's Testimony
  38. Michele Battistelli's Testimony
  39. Fabio Marsi's Testimony and Michele Battistelli's Testimony
  40. Fabio Marsi's Testimony
  41. Fabio Marsi's Testimony
  42. Postale.pdf
  43. Postale.pdf
  44. Postale.pdf
  45. Daniele Ceppitelli's Testimony
  46. Daniele Ceppitelli's Testimony
  47. Postale.pdf
  48. Michele Battistelli's Testimony and Fabio Marsi's Testimony
  49. [Postale.pdf]]
  50. Michele Battistelli's Testimony and Google Maps
  51. Massei PMF Translation p89
  52. Dempser, Candance. Timing Is All: Murder suspects Amanda Knox & Raffaele Sollecito (Updated) Seattle Pi. October 15, 2008 quoting Paula Grande's police statement
  53. Michele Battistelli's Testimony
  54. Nencini p.158
  55. Nencini p.174