Primary Sources

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Court Decisions
Matteini Court Documents   •   Gemelli Court Documents   •   The Massei Trial Court Transcripts   •   The Hellmann Appeal Court Transcripts   •   The Nencini Appeal Court Transcripts
Expert's Reports   •   Factums, Appeals, and Motions Filed   •   Miscellaneous Documents
Documents and Statements Produced by Amanda Knox   •   Documents and Statements Produced by Raffaele Sollecito   •   Documents and Statements Produced by Rudy Guede


Court Decisions

A brief introduction to the Italian criminal justice system for readers more familiar with the Common Law system. In Common Law jurisdictions an accused is given a trial and that is the only occasion where a judgement is made as to the the facts in question and the guilt of the accused. If convicted the individual may appeal the conviction but the appeal is limited to mistake of law. Except in very specific situations a convicted individual cannot appeal on the basis of new evidentiary arguments, on questions of fact, nor on questions of guilt.
"Public examinations of the evidence against Amanda Knox and Raffaele Sollecito heard at each level"
Public examinations of the evidence against Amanda Knox and Raffaele Sollecito heard at each level
"Flowchart of Amanda Knox and Raffaele Sollecito trial"
Flowchart of Amanda Knox, Raffaele Sollecito, and Rude Guede's trials

The Italian criminal justice system is different in this respect. In the Italian system there is the initial trial but regardless of the finding of that trial an appeal is automatically granted, if requested by either the defense or the prosecution. Unlike the Common Law system this appeal is based on examining the facts and evidence again. With the courts permission new evidence can be introduced and evidence already heard can be re-examined. Any evidence that was part of the original trial is included as evidence in the appeal but it is not heard again by the new court. The responsibility lies with the court to study the testimony and motivation report of the previous court. The Venn diagram to the left is a graphical representation of this.

In the Italian system a final verdict can only be rendered by the Supreme Court of Cassation. After a criminal trial has been through an initial trial and an appeal the entirety of the material is presented to Cassation to render a verdict. If there are mistakes of law (and under the Italian system illogical reasoning is considered a mistake of law) Cassation can void the appeal and order that the appeal be done again. That is what happened in the trial of Amanda Knox and Raffaele Sollectio. The flowchart to the right illustrates the path traveled by all three accused. The path can only end with either an acquittal or conviction finalized by Cassation. All other verdicts are only provisional verdicts awaiting the decision of the next court.

Trials involving Amanda Knox and Raffaele Sollecito
Matteini Hearing Pre-Trial hearing to determine if Raffaele Sollecito would be allowed house arrest.
English Summary
English Translation
Italian
The Matteini Report Matteini motivation report on why Diya Lumumba, Amanda Knox and Raffaele Sollecito should remain in precautionary custody before indictment and trial.
English Translation
Italian
The Massei Report The reasoning of the first court that heard the evidence against Amanda Knox and Raffaele Sollecito. It covers the evidence against Knox and Sollecito and explains why the court found them guilty.
English Summary
English Translation
Italian
The Hellmann Sentencing Report The reasoning of the second court that reviewed the evidence heard during Massei and some additional witnesses who testified for the first time. The court decided to free Knox and Sollecito.
English Translation
Italian
The Supreme Court Sentencing Report The reasoning of the Supreme Court that rejected and nullified the Hellmann reasoning for being illogical and a violation of Italian law. A new appeal was ordered.
English Summary
English Translation
Italian
The Nencini Sentencing Report The reasoning of the appeals court that reviewed the evidence heard during Massei and Hellmann. The court reaffirmed the Massei court decision to convict Knox and Sollecito and increased Knox's sentence.
English Summary
English Translation
Italian
The Marasca Supreme Court Report The reasoning of the Supreme Court that acquitted Knox and Sollecito and decided that no new appeal would be ordered. Knox's sentence for the crime of calunnia (slander) was reaffirmed as three years of incarceration.
Italian
Trials involving Rudy Guede
The Micheli Sentencing Report The fast-track trial of Rudy Guede and the committal hearing for Amanda Knox and Raffaele Sollecito. Guede was sentenced to 30 years in prison and Knox and Sollecito were committed for trial.
English Summary
English Translation
Italian
The Borsini-Belardi Sentencing Report Rudy Guede's first appeal
Italian
The Giordano Sentencing Report Supreme Court of Cassation's decision in Rudy Guede's trial. Rejected Guede's appeal. Reduced Guede's sentence as required because he elected to take a fast-track trial. Touched on evidence related to Knox and Sollecito and specifically finalized the finding that Guede did not act alone.
English Translation

Matteini Court Documents


Gemelli Court Documents


    ECHR Court Documents


        Transcripts

        Massei Transcripts

        The Massei Trial started on January 16, 2009 and ended on December 5, 2009 with the conviction of Amanda Knox and Raffaele Sollecito for the murder of Meredith Kercher and several related lesser offenses. The court met 39 times to hear witness testimony and 9 days to hear closing arguments. These are the currently available transcripts of that trial. The collection below represents a complete collection of the entire trial with the exception of June 5th and 6th (Kercher Family), and June 27th (Amanda Knox's character witnesses). In addition we are missing three of the nine days of closing arguments.

        Summaries are in English and we are working towards translating all the transcripts into English. For transcripts not yet translated users of Chrome browser will allow you to machine translate the Italian transcripts into English or any language of your choice.

        If you prefer to read the evidence in chronological order a day by day synopsis is available: Massei Trial

        Prosecution Witnesses
        Defense Witnesses
        Antonio Aiello Kokomani's lawyer.
        Summary
        English
        Italian
        Defendants
        Luca Altieri Filomena's boyfriend / present when body discovered.
        Summary
        Italian
        Amanda Knox English • Video • Audio
        Spontaneous Declarations
        Fabrizio Angelucci Drycleaner used by Raffaele Sollecito. Testified to Sollecito requesting rush service on shirt that had already been hand washed.
        Summary
        Italian
        Raffaele Sollecito Raffaele Sollecito elected to not testify
        Spontaneous Declarations
        Jade Bidwell Meredith Kercher's friend. Testified about Halloween night and Amanda Knox's behaviour at police station.
        Summary
        English
        Italian
        Witnesses
        Alessandro Biscarini Found one of Meredith Kercher's discarded mobile phone in the Biscarini/Lana family garden.
        Summary
        English
        Italian
        Sara Boccali Raffaele Sollecito's landlady.
        Summary
        Italian
        Fiammetta Biscarini Found one of Meredith Kercher's discarded mobile phone in the Biscarini/Lana family garden.
        English
        Italian
        Paolo Brocchi A lawyer whose office was burglarized, implication is by Guede.
        English
        Italian
        Stefano Bonassi Resident of downstairs apartment
        Italian
        Ana Marina Chiriboga Raffaele Sollecito's cleaning lady. Originally told police she never used bleach. Changed story after meeting with Sollecito's lawyer. (see Volturno)
        Italian
        Robyn Butterworth Meredith's friend. Testified to Knox's behavior at the police station, Knox's statement that Meredith was in the closet.
        Summary
        Italian
        Pasqualino Coletta Car had mechanical problems near the cottage
        Italian
        Pietro Campolongo Student and Merlin pub promoter, testified seeing Meredith on Halloween night and Rudy Guede two days later.
        Summary
        English
        Italian
        Dorothy Craft Najir Amanda Knox's second cousin from Germany
        Italian
        Nara Capezzali Neighbor from across the parking lot who heard a scream from the house 10:30 or 11:00pm.
        English
        Italian
        Paolo Farsi Bank manager. Testified about 20-Euro transaction on Meredith's account posted after her death.
        English
        Italian
        Alessia Ceccarelli Witness who saw a bloodstained man night of murder.
        Italian
        Hicham Khiri "aka ""Shaky,"" first suggested by Knox as a possible suspect. Testified about his own activity that night and friendship with Meredith and Sophie. "
        English
        Italian
        Giorgio Cocciaretto Friend of guys from downstairs apartment.
        Italian
        Ricardo Luciani Resident of downstairs flat.
        Italian
        Antonio Curatolo The man in the nearby piazza who saw Knox and Sollecito there on the evening of the murder, looking down toward the house.
        English
        Italian
        Marco Marzan Resident of downstairs flat.
        Summary
        Italian
        Maria Ilaria Dramis Neighbor who heard multiple sets of footsteps under her window, running away from the house.
        Italian
        Edda Mellas Amanda Knox's mother. Testified to to what was discussed in pre-dawn phone call from Knox, which Knox claimed to have forgotten making.
        English
        Italian
        Leonardo Fazio Friend of Raffaele Sollecito. Was supposed to testify to Sollecito's past but had a sudden bout of amnesia.
        Italian
        Marco Miccolini Friend of guys from downstairs apartment.
        Summary
        Italian
        Alessandra Formica Walking near cottage night of murder. Encountered a black man running.
        Italian
        Carmela Occhipinti Car had mechanical problems near the cottage.
        Summary
        Italian
        Amy Frost Meredith's friend. Testified to Meredith's relationship with Knox and Knox's behaviour at the police station. Knox told Frost she hadn't showered that morning.
        English
        Italian
        Matteo Palazzoli A lawyer whose office was burglarized, implication is by Guede.
        Summary
        English
        Italian
        Antonio Galizia Commander of the Carabinieri station of Giovinazzo. Testified about Sollecito's detention for drug possession.
        Italian
        Maurizio Rosignoli Kiosk vendor in Piazza Grimana.
        Italian
        Fabio Gioffredi Testified having seen Meredith, Amanda, Raffaele and Rudy together a few days before the murder.
        Italian
        Lucia Salsiccioli Car had mechanical problems near the cottage.
        Italian
        Paola Grande Filomena's friend. Present when body discovered.
        Italian
        Francesco Sollecito Raffaele Sollecito's father.
        Summary
        Italian
        Rosa Natalia Guaman Fernandez de Calle Raffaele Sollecito's cleaning lady. Testified about bleach.
        Italian
        Expert Witnesses
        Rudy Guede Co-accused. Refused to testify
        Italian
        Anna Aprile
        Summary
        Italian
        Natalie Hayward Meredith's friend. Testified to the behavior of Amanda Knox at police station.
        English
        Italian
        Carlo Caltagirone Psychiatrist (stress & memory).
        Summary
        Italian
        Hekuran Kokomani Man who delivered awkward testimony about seeing Knox, Sollecito, and Guede outside the cottage that night.
        Summary
        Italian
        Mariano Cingolani
        Italian
        Elisabetta Lana Took the discarded mobile phones to the police station.
        Italian
        Antonio D'Ambrosio Sollecito's computer consultant.
        Italian
        Giampaolo Lombardo
        Italian
        Sarah Gino (additional testimony) Biologist. Attempted to neutralize Stefanoni's report.
        Italian
        Patrick Diya Lumumba Pub owner who employed Amanda Knox. Knox falsely accused Lumumba of raping and killing Meredith.
        Italian
        Sarah Gino Biologist. Attempted to neutralize Stefanoni's report.
        Italian
        Laura Mezzetti Roommate of Knox and Meredith. Testified to their relationship. Saw scratch on Knox's neck on Nov 2, reported this to the police that week.
        Italian
        Francesco Introna Professor of forensic pathology and consultant for Raffaele Sollecito. Said Meredith was attacked from behind.
        Italian
        Antonella Monacchia Neighbor who heard yelling between a man and a woman that ended with a scream.
        Italian
        Francesco Pasquali Ballistics expert: rock breaking window demonstration
        Italian
        Antonella Negri Amanda Knox's teacher at University of Foreigners
        Italian
        Walter Patumi Knox consultant, specialist in forensic medicine. Testified largely to the injuries suffered by the victim.
        Italian
        Jovana Popovic Friend of Raffaele Sollecito. Testified that she saw Amanda Knox at Sollecito's around 8:45pm
        Italian
        Bruno Pellero Defense telecomunications expert.
        Italian
        Helen Powell Meredith's friend. Testified about Halloween night.
        Italian
        Giancarlo Umani Ronchi Defense medical expert. Testified about time and cause of death.
        Summary
        Italian
        Sophie Purton Meredith's friend. Testified to Meredith's relationship with Knox, Meredith's movements that evening.
        Italian
        Adriano Tagliabracci Sollecito consultant. Testified to DNA analysis.
        Italian
        Marco Quintavalle Store manager who saw Amanda Knox waiting for his store to open the morning after the murder.
        English
        Italian
        Maurizio Taglialatela
        Summary
        Italian
        Samantha Rodenhurst Meredith’s friend. Testified to Amanda Knox’s behavior.
        English
        Italian
        Carlo Torre Consultant for Amanda Knox. Said Meredith was attacked from the front.
        Italian
        Filomena Romanelli Roommate / occupant of burglarized room. Testified finding glass on top of her belongings and that none were taken. Present when body discovered.
        Italian
        Francesco Vinci Defense (Sollecito) footprint expert. Testified that a smaller set of prints accompanied the large set, but did not compare to Knox's feet.
        Italian
        Carlo Maria Scotto di Rinaldi Owner of Bubble. Testified about Amanda Knox and Raffaele behavior when they purchased lingerie two days after the murder
        Italian
        Character Witnesses
        Giacomo Silenzi Meredith's new boyfriend. Testified that a group including Knox and Guede went to a pub together, and of an occasion in October when Knox and Guede were at the house.
        Italian
        Saverio Binetti Raffaele Sollecito's friend from home. Testified Sollecito is nice.
        Italian
        Francesco Tavernese Principal of the Onaosi college where Raffaele Sollecito studied
        Italian
        Corrado Candia Raffaele Sollecito's friend from home. Testified Sollecito is nice.
        Italian
        Marco Zaroli Filomena's friend / present when body discovered
        Italian
        Angelo Cirillo Raffaele Sollecito's friend from school. Testified Sollecito is nice.
        Italian
        Police Officers, Technicians and Translators Involved With Investigation
        Mariano Martino Raffaele Sollecito's friend from home. Testified Sollecito is nice.
        Italian
        Raffaele Argirò Officer at Capanne prison. Currently facing sexual assault charges in an unrelated case.
        Summary
        English
        Italian
        Gabriele Traverso Raffaele Sollecito's friend from home. Testified Sollecito is nice.
        Italian
        Maurizio Arnone
        Italian
        Mauro Barbadori Testified about parking lot CCTV footage.
        Summary
        English
        Italian
        Filippo Bartolozzi Director of the Postal Police. Dispatched Battistelli and Marsi.
        Italian
        Michele Battistelli Postal police officer who unexpectedly arrived to be first on scene
        Summary
        Italian
        Mauro Bigini Chief Inspector, Perugia Flying Squad
        Italian
        Gioia Brocci
        Italian
        Stefano Buratti Assistant Chief of the State Police Homicide Squad
        Italian
        Daniele Ceppitelli Officer of the Carabinieri that received Raffaele Sollecito's 112 calls.
        Summary
        Italian
        Marco Chiacchiera Deputy Chief, Flying Squad, Head of Organized Crime Section
        English
        Italian
        Giuseppe Codispoti Office of the Scientific Police that participated in the December 18 2007 search of the cottage
        Italian
        Aida Colantone Interpreter and translator
        Summary
        English
        Italian
        Fabio D'Astolto Australian-born police officer who acted as interpreter for AK
        Summary
        English
        Italian
        Anna Donnino Interpreter and translator employed by the police. Present for Knox's interrogation, continued to translate English tapes and writings associated with the case.
        Summary
        English
        Italian
        Rita Ficarra Chief Inspector at the Perugia Flying Squad. One of two officers questioning Amanda Knox when Knox placed herself at the scene and falsely accused an innocent man.
        English
        Italian
        Armando Finzi Chief Inspector in Perugia Flying Squad. Participated in search of Raffaele Sollecito's apartment.
        Italian
        Edgardo Giobbi Investigating officer from Rome bought in to assist Perugia police.
        English
        Italian
        Mirko Gregori Postal Police officer who examined Raffaele Sollecito's computer
        Italian
        Stefano Gubbiotti Police Superintendent
        Italian
        Claudio Ippolito Video technician in Scientific Police
        Italian
        Letterio Latella Officer of the Postal Police. Dealt with the phone records.
        Italian
        Fabio Marsi Postal police office unexpectedly arrived to be first on scene
        Summary
        Italian
        Daniele Moscatelli Officer from Rome. Participated in various aspects but primarly known as officer who questioned Raffaele Sollecito on November 5th.
        Summary
        English
        Italian
        Monica Napoleoni Deputy Commissioner of Police, Perugia Flying Squad
        English
        Italian
        Roberto Politi Officer from Rome. Participated in the December 18 evidence collection at the cottage.
        Italian
        Domenico Giacinto Profazio
        Italian
        Rico Rolli
        Italian
        Piero Sbardella
        Italian
        Stefano Sisani
        Italian
        Simone Tacconi
        Italian
        Claudio Trifici Postal Police who examined computers seized from Raffaele Sollecito, Amanda Knox, Patrick Lumumba, and Meredith Kercher
        Italian
        Marco Trotta Postal Police who examined computers seized from Raffaele Sollecito, Amanda Knox, Patrick Lumumba, and Meredith Kercher
        Italian
        Oreste Volturno Detective who followed up on tip of Sollecito's scissor attack, investigated the bleach to establish date of purchase after maid changed stories from never using it to having purchased it.
        Summary
        English
        Italian
        Lorena Zugarini
        English
        Italian
        Expert Witnesses
        Mauro Bacci
        Italian
        Pietro Boemia Footprint expert for Scientific Police.
        Summary
        English
        Italian
        Francesco Camana Blood splatter analyst.
        Italian
        Claudio Cantagalli Technical video engineer.
        Italian
        Sonia Cieri Electronics engineer in telecommunications working for Vodafone
        Italian
        Luca Fioravanti Expert from Vodafone
        Italian
        Agatino Giunta
        Italian
        Cesare Iacuitto
        Italian
        Alberto Intini Director of the Scientific Police.
        Italian
        Luca Lalli Forensic pathologist who performed the autopsy on Meredith Kercher
        Italian
        Luca Lalli (additional testimony) Forensic pathologist who performed the autopsy on Meredith Kercher
        Italian
        Dr. Vincenza Liviero
        Italian
        Mauro Marchionni Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology
        Italian
        Marco Perla Scientifc Police Anti-Crime Unit.
        Italian
        Giuseppe Privitera Scientific Police.
        Italian
        Dr. Lorenzo Rinaldi Footprint Expert for the Scientific Police.
        Italian
        Patrizia Stefanoni Biologist / DNA.
        English
        Italian
        Francesca Torricelli Geneticist / DNA.
        Italian
        Closing Arguments
        Prosecution
        Defense
        Prosecution closing arguments are not available. Luca Maori's Massei Trial Closing Arguments for Raffaele Sollecito
        Civil Parties
        Giulia Bongiorno's Massei Trial Closing Arguments for Raffaele Sollecito
        Letizia Magnini's Massei Trial Closing Arguments on Behalf of Civil Party Aldalia Tattanelli Carlo Dalla Vedova's Massei Trial Closing Arguments in Defense of Amanda Knox
        Carlo Pacelli's Massei Trial Closing Arguments on Behalf of Civil Party Patrick Diya Lumumba Luciano Ghirga's Massei Trial Closing Arguments in Defense of Amanda Knox
        Francesco Maresca's Massei Trial Closing Arguments on Behalf of Civil Party Kercher Family
        Serena Perna's Massei Trial Closing Arguments on Behalf of Civil Party Stephanie Kercher
        Rebuttals
        Giuliano Mignini's Massei Trial Rebuttal For Prosecution Maria Del Grosso's Massei Trial Rebuttal in Defense of Amanda Knox
        Manuela Comodi's Massei Trial Rebuttal For Prosecution Luciano Ghirga's Massei Trial Rebuttal in Defense of Amanda Knox
        Carlo Pacelli's Massei Trial Rebuttal on Behalf of Civil Party Patrick Diya Lumumba Donatella Donati's Massei Trial Rebuttal for Raffaele Sollecito
        Serena Perna's Massei Trial Rebuttal on Behalf of Civil Party Stephanie Kercher
        Defendant Final Statements
        Francesco Maresca's Massei Trial Rebuttal on Behalf of Civil Party Kercher Family Raffaele Sollecito's Massei Trial Closing Statement
        Amanda Knox's Massei Trial Closing Statement
        December 4th 2009 transcript is missing

        Hellmann Transcripts

        The Hellmann appeal began on November 2, 2010 and concluded on October 2, 2011 with the provisional acquittal of Amanda Knox and Raffaele Sollecito. At that time, the court also lifted the preventative detention order that had kept Knox and Sollecito incarcerated from the day of their arrest. On March 26, 2013 the Supreme Court of Cassation quashed the Hellmann appeal ruling on grounds of illogicality and violations of Italian law. A new appeal was order and has since confirmed Knox and Sollecito's guilt.

        For people familiar with the common law system there are some differences that should be taken into consideration. In common law systems a convict must appeal on questions of law to be granted a new trial. In Italy defendants are automatically granted an appeal on questions of fact. In the common law system if a convict is successful in getting a new trial the new trial will have all the witnesses and all the evidence presented before the new trier of fact. In the Italian system, the evidence from the trial of first instance is part of the record. The trier of fact is required to study the evidence from the trial of first instance. The defense and the prosecution can request that new evidence be admitted and they can also request that evidence from the trial of first instance be examined more closely. For a graphical depiction of this, please see the Venn diagram at the top of this page.

        The court transcripts from the Hellmann appeal are in the table below but if you prefer a day by day account of the Hellmann appeal you can find that here Hellmann Appeal

        Prosecution Witnesses
        Nov 24, 2010
        First Day - Procedural
        Summary
        Dec 11, 2010
        First Day - Procedural (Reprise)
        Summary
        Dec 18, 2010
        Court ruling on scope of the appeal
        Summary
        Jan 15, 2011
        Independent experts assigned to do review of DNA evidence.
        Summary
        Mar 26, 2011
        Antonio "Toto" Curatolo recalled as a witness
        Summary
        May 21, 2011
        Brief session experts ask for extension and Hellmann ruling on new witnesses
        Summary
        June 18, 2011
        New Witnesses -- Prison Informants
                  Mario Alessi
                 
                 
                 
                  Luciano Aviello
        June 27, 2011
        New Witnesses -- Rebuttal to Prison Informants
                  Rudy Guede
        Summary
        English
        Italian
                  Spontaneous Declaration - Amanda Knox
        Italian
                  Spontaneous Declaration - Raffaele Sollecito
        Italian
                  Giacomoh Benedetti
        English
        Italian
                  Cosimo Zaccaro
        Summary
        English
        Italian
                  Alexander Ilic
        Summary
        English
        Italian
                  Marco Chiacchiera
        Summary
        English
        Italian
                  Monica Napoleoni
        Summary
        English
        Italian
        June 30, 2011
        No court session but Conti-Vecchiotti Report submitted to court
        Italian
        July 25, 2011
        Conti-Vecchiotti Presentation
        Italian
        July 30, 2011
        Conti-Vecchiotti Cross-Examination
        Italian
        Sept 5-7, 2011
        Negative Control Tests
        Summary
        Carla Vecchiotti Cross-Examination by Civil Party
        Summary
        Dr. Patrizia Stefanoni
        Summary
        Giuseppe Novelli
        Summary
        Adriano Tagliabracci
        Summary
        Prosecution Request For A DNA Review
        Summary
        Request To Recall Aviello After Claims He Was Bribed By Sollecito's Family
        Summary
        Sept 23-24, 2011
        Prosecution Close
        Sept 26, 2011
        Civil Party Close
        Sept 27-28, 2011
        Defense Close

        Nencini Transcripts

        Nencini Court preliminaries, ordinances and opening requests/rebuttals

        Florence Appeal - Testimony of Andrea Berti and Filippo Barni Testimony by the Carabinieri officers who tested "Trace I" on the Double DNA Knife.

        Transcript of Proceedings November 25, 2013 - Prosecution Closing Arguments

        Transcript of Proceedings November 26, 2013 - Prosecution Closing Arguments, Civile Parte Patrick Lumumba's Closing Arguments, Civile Parte Magnini's Closing Arguments

        Amanda Knox's Email to the Nencini Appeal (English) read out in court on December 17, 2013.

        Expert's Reports


        Factums, Appeals, and Motions Filed


        Miscellaneous Documents


        Amanda Knox - In Her Own Words


        Raffaele Sollecito - In His Own Words


        Rudy Guede - In His Own Words