Primary Sources

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Court Decisions
The Massei Trial Court Transcripts   •   The Hellmann Appeal Court Transcripts   •   The Nencini Appeal Court Transcripts
Expert's Reports   •   Factums, Appeals, and Motions Filed   •   Miscellaneous Documents
Documents and Statements Produced by Amanda Knox   •   Documents and Statements Produced by Raffaele Sollecito   •   Documents and Statements Produced by Rudy Guede


Court Decisions

A brief introduction to the Italian criminal justice system for readers more familiar with the Common Law system. In Common Law jurisdictions an accused is given a trial and that is the only occasion where a judgement is made as to the the facts in question and the guilt of the accused. If convicted the individual may appeal the conviction but the appeal is limited to mistake of law. Except in very specific situations a convicted individual cannot appeal on the basis of new evidentiary arguments, on questions of fact, nor on questions of guilt.
"Public examinations of the evidence against Amanda Knox and Raffaele Sollecito heard at each level"
Public examinations of the evidence against Amanda Knox and Raffaele Sollecito heard at each level
"Flowchart of Amanda Knox and Raffaele Sollecito trial"
Flowchart of Amanda Knox, Raffaele Sollecito, and Rude Guede's trials

The Italian criminal justice system is different in this respect. In the Italian system there is the initial trial but regardless of the finding of that trial an appeal is automatically granted, if requested by either the defense or the prosecution. Unlike the Common Law system this appeal is based on examining the facts and evidence again. With the courts permission new evidence can be introduced and evidence already heard can be re-examined. Any evidence that was part of the original trial is included as evidence in the appeal but it is not heard again by the new court. The responsibility lies with the court to study the testimony and motivation report of the previous court. The Venn diagram to the left is a graphical representation of this.

In the Italian system a final verdict can only be rendered by the Supreme Court of Cassation. After a criminal trial has been through an initial trial and an appeal the entirety of the material is presented to Cassation to render a verdict. If there are mistakes of law (and under the Italian system illogical reasoning is considered a mistake of law) Cassation can void the appeal and order that the appeal be done again. That is what happened in the trial of Amanda Knox and Raffaele Sollectio. The flowchart to the right illustrates the path traveled by all three accused. The path can only end with either an acquittal or conviction finalized by Cassation. All other verdicts are only provisional verdicts awaiting the decision of the next court.

Trials involving Amanda Knox and Raffaele Sollecito
Matteini Hearing Pre-Trial hearing to determine if Raffaele Sollecito would be allowed house arrest.
English Summary
English Translation
Italian
The Massei Report The reasoning of the first court that heard the evidence against Amanda Knox and Raffaele Sollecito. It covers the evidence against Knox and Sollecito and explains why the court found them guilty.
English Summary
English Translation
Italian
The Hellmann Sentencing Report The reasoning of the second court that reviewed the evidence heard during Massei and some additional witnesses who testified for the first time. The court decided to free Knox and Sollecito.
English Translation
Italian
The Supreme Court Sentencing Report The reasoning of the Supreme Court that rejected and nullified the Hellmann reasoning for being illogical and a violation of Italian law. A new appeal was ordered.
English Summary
English Translation
Italian
The Nencini Sentencing Report The reasoning of the appeals court that reviewed the evidence heard during Massei and Hellmann. The court reaffirmed the Massei court decision to convict Knox and Sollecito and increased Knox's sentence.
English Summary
English Translation
Italian
Trials involving Rudy Guede
The Micheli Sentencing Report The fast-track trial of Rudy Guede and the committal hearing for Amanda Knox and Raffaele Sollecito. Guede was sentenced to 30 years in prison and Knox and Sollecito were committed for trial.
English Summary
Italian
The Borsini-Belardi Sentencing Report Rudy Guede's first appeal
Italian
The Giordano Sentencing Report Supreme Court of Cassation's decision in Rudy Guede's trial. Rejected Guede's appeal. Reduced Guede's sentence as required because he elected to take a fast-track trial. Touched on evidence related to Knox and Sollecito and specifically finalized the finding that Guede did not act alone.
English Translation

Transcripts

Massei Transcripts

The Massei Trial started January 16,2009 and ended on December 5, 2009 with the conviction of Amanda Knox and Raffaele Sollecito for the murder of Meredith Kercher and several related lesser offenses. The court met 39 times to hear witness testimony and 9 days to hear closing arguments. These are the currently available transcripts of that trial. The collection below represents a complete collection of the entire trial with the exception of June 5th and 6th (Kercher Family), and June 27th (Amanda Knox's character witnesses). In addition we are missing three of the nine days of closing arguments.

Summaries are in English and we are working towards translating all the transcripts into English. For transcripts not yet translated users of Chrome browser will allow you to machine translate the Italian transcripts into English or any language of your choice.

If you prefer to read the evidence in chronological order a day by day synopsis is available: Massei Trial

Prosecution Witnesses
Defense Witnesses
Antonio Aiello Kokomani's lawyer.
Summary
Italian
Defendants
Luca Altieri Filomena's boyfriend / present when body discovered.
Summary
Italian
Amanda Knox Testimony:   English • Video • Audio
Spontaneous Declarations
Fabrizio Angelucci Drycleaner used by Raffaele Sollecito. Testified to Sollecito requesting rush service on shirt that had already been hand washed.
Summary
Italian
Raffaele Sollecito Raffaele Sollecito elected to not testify
Spontaneous Declarations
Jade Bidwell Meredith Kercher's friend. Testified about Halloween night and Amanda Knox's behaviour at police station.
Summary
English
Italian
Witnesses
Alessandro Biscarini Found one of Meredith Kercher's discarded mobile phones in his garden.
Summary
English
Italian
Sara Boccali Raffaele Sollecito's landlady.
Summary
Italian
Fiammetta Biscarini Found one of Meredith Kercher's discarded mobile phones in her garden.
English
Italian
Paolo Brocchi A lawyer whose office was burglarized, implication is by Guede.
Italian
Stefano Bonassi Resident of downstairs apartment
Italian
Ana Marina Chiriboga Raffaele Sollecito's cleaning lady. Originally told police she never used bleach. Changed story after meeting with Sollecito's lawyer. (see Volturno)
Italian
Robyn Butterworth Meredith's friend. Testified to Knox's behavior at the police station, Knox's statement that Meredith was in the closet.
Summary
Italian
Pasqualino Coletta Car had mechanical problems near the cottage
Italian
Pietro Campolongo Student and Merlin pub promoter, testified seeing Meredith on Halloween night and Rudy Guede two days later.
Summary
English
Italian
Paolo Farsi Bank manager. Testified about 20-Euro transaction on Meredith's account posted after her death.
English
Italian
Nara Capezzali Neighbor from across the parking lot who heard a scream from the house 10:30 or 11:00pm.
English
Italian
Hicham Khiri Aka "Shaky", first suggested by Knox as a possible suspect. Testified about his own activity that night and friendship with Meredith and Sophie.
English
Italian
Alessia Ceccarelli Witness who saw a bloodstained man night of murder.
Italian
Ricardo Luciani Resident of downstairs flat.
Italian
Giorgio Cocciaretto Friend of guys from downstairs apartment.
Italian
Marco Marzan Resident of downstairs flat.
Summary
Italian
Antonio Curatolo The man in the nearby piazza who saw Knox and Sollecito there on the evening of the murder, looking down toward the house.
Italian
Edda Mellas Amanda Knox's mother. Testified to to what was discussed in pre-dawn phone call from Knox, which Knox claimed to have forgotten making.
Italian
Rosa Natalia Guaman Fernandez de Calle Raffaele Sollecito's cleaning lady. Testified about bleach.
Italian
Marco Miccolini Friend of guys from downstairs apartment.
Summary
Italian
Carlo Maria Scotto di Rinaldi Owner of Bubble. Testified about Knox and Sollecito's behavior when they purchased lingerie two days after the murder
Italian
Dorothy Craft Najir Amanda Knox's second cousin from Germany
Italian
Maria Ilaria Dramis Neighbor who heard multiple sets of footsteps under her window, running away from the house.
Italian
Carmela Occhipinti Car had mechanical problems near the cottage.
Summary
Italian
Leonardo Fazio Friend of Raffaele Sollecito. Was supposed to testify to Sollecito's past but had a sudden bout of amnesia.
Italian
Matteo Palazzoli A lawyer whose office was burglarized, implication is by Guede.
Summary
Italian
Alessandra Formica Walking near cottage night of murder. Encountered a black man running.
Italian
Maurizio Rosignoli Kiosk vendor in Piazza Grimana.
Italian
Amy Frost Meredith's friend. Testified to Meredith's relationship with Knox and Knox's behaviour at the police station. Knox told Frost she hadn't showered that morning.
English
Italian
Lucia Salsiccioli Car had mechanical problems near the cottage.
Italian
Antonio Galizia Commander of the Carabinieri station of Giovinazzo. Testified about Sollecito's detention for drug possession.
Italian
Francesco Sollecito Raffaele Sollecito's father.
Summary
Italian
Fabio Gioffredi Testified having seen Meredith, Amanda, Raffaele and Rudy together a few days before the murder.
Italian
Expert Witnesses
Paola Grande Filomena's friend. Present when body discovered.
Italian
Anna Aprile
Summary
Italian
Rudy Guede Co-accused. Refused to testify
Italian
Carlo Caltagirone Psychiatrist (stress & memory).
Summary
Italian
Natalie Hayward Meredith's friend. Testified to the behavior of Amanda Knox at police station.
Italian
Mariano Cingolani
Italian
Hekuran Kokomani Man who delivered awkward testimony about seeing Knox, Sollecito, and Guede outside the cottage that night.
Summary
Italian
Sarah Gino Biologist. Attempted to neutralize Stefanoni's report.
Italian
Elisabetta Lana Took the discarded mobile phones to the police station.
Italian
Francesco Introna Professor of forensic pathology and consultant for Raffaele Sollecito. Said Meredith was attacked from behind.
Italian
Giampaolo Lombardo
Italian
Francesco Pasquali Ballistics expert: rock breaking window demonstration
Italian
Patrick Diya Lumumba Pub owner who employed Amanda Knox. Knox falsely accused Lumumba of raping and killing Meredith.
Italian
Walter Patumi Knox consultant, specialist in forensic medicine. Testified largely to the injuries suffered by the victim.
Italian
Laura Mezzetti Roommate of Knox and Meredith. Testified to their relationship. Saw scratch on Knox's neck on Nov 2, reported this to the police that week.
Italian
Bruno Pellero Defense telecomunications expert.
Italian
Antonella Monacchia Neighbor who heard yelling between a man and a woman that ended with a scream.
Italian
Giancarlo Umani Ronchi Defense medical expert. Testified about time and cause of death.
Summary
Italian
Antonella Negri Amanda Knox's teacher at University of Foreigners
Italian
Adriano Tagliabracci Sollecito consultant. Testified to DNA analysis.
Italian
Jovana Popovic Friend of Raffaele Sollecito. Testified that she saw Amanda Knox at Sollecito's around 8:45pm
Italian
Maurizio Taglialatela Pharmacology expert that testified on the general effects of cannabis use on memory and behavior.
Summary
Italian
Helen Powell Meredith's friend. Testified about Halloween night.
Italian
Carlo Torre Consultant for Amanda Knox. Said Meredith was attacked from the front.
Italian
Sophie Purton Meredith's friend. Testified to Meredith's relationship with Knox, Meredith's movements that evening.
Italian
Francesco Vinci Defense (Sollecito) footprint expert. Testified that a smaller set of prints accompanied the large set, but did not compare to Knox's feet.
Italian
Marco Quintavalle Store manager who saw Amanda Knox waiting for his store to open the morning after the murder.
English
Italian
Character Witnesses
Samantha Rodenhurst Meredith’s friend. Testified to Amanda Knox’s behavior.
English
Italian
Saverio Binetti Raffaele Sollecito's friend from home. Testified Sollecito is nice.
Italian
Filomena Romanelli Roommate / occupant of ""burglarized"" room. Testified finding glass on top of her belongings and that none were taken. Present when body discovered.
Italian
Corrado Candia Raffaele Sollecito's friend from home. Testified Sollecito is nice.
Italian
Giacomo Silenzi Meredith's new boyfriend. Testified that a group including Knox and Guede went to a pub together, and of an occasion in October when Knox and Guede were at the house.
Italian
Angelo Cirillo Raffaele Sollecito's friend from school. Testified Sollecito is nice.
Italian
Francesco Tavernese Principal of the Onaosi college where Raffaele Sollecito studied
Italian
Mariano Martino Raffaele Sollecito's friend from home. Testified Sollecito is nice.
Italian
Marco Zaroli Filomena's friend / present when body discovered
Italian
Gabriele Traverso Raffaele Sollecito's friend from home. Testified Sollecito is nice.
Italian
Police Officers Involved With Investigation
Raffaele Argirò Officer at Capanne prision. Currently facing sexual assault charges in an unrelated case.
Summary
English
Italian
Mauro Barbadori Testified about parking lot CCTV footage.
Summary
English
Italian
Filippo Bartolozzi Director of the Postal Police. Dispatched Battistelli and Marsi.
Italian
Michele Battistelli Postal police officer who unexpectedly arrived to be first on scene
Summary
Italian
Mauro Bigini Chief Inspector, Perugia Flying Squad
Italian
Gioia Brocci
Italian
Stefano Buratti Assistant Chief of the State Police Homicide Squad
Italian
Daniele Ceppitelli Officer of the Carabinieri that received Raffaele Sollecito's 112 calls.
Summary
Italian
Marco Chiacchiera
Italian
Giuseppe Codispoti Office of the Scientific Police that participated in the December 18 2007 search of the cottage
Italian
Aida Colantone Interpreter and translator
Summary
Italian
Fabio D'Astolto Australian-born police officer who acted as interpreter for AK
Summary
English
Italian
Anna Donnino Interpreter and translator employed by the police. Present for Knox's interrogation, continued to translate English tapes and writings associated with the case.
Summary
English
Italian
Rita Ficarra Chief Inspector at the Perugia Flying Squad. One of two officers questioning Amanda Knox when Knox placed herself at the scene and falsely accused an innocent man.
English
Italian
Armando Finzi Chief Inspector in Perugia Flying Squad. Participated in search of Raffaele Sollecito's apartment.
Italian
Edgardo Giobbi Investigating officer from Rome bought in to assist Perugia police.
English
Italian
Mirko Gregori Postal Police officer who examined Raffaele Sollecito's computer
Italian
Stefano Gubbiotti Police Superintendent
Italian
Claudio Ippolito Video technician in Scientific Police
Italian
Letterio Latella Officer of the Postal Police. Dealt with the phone records.
Italian
Fabio Marsi Postal police office unexpectedly arrived to be first on scene
Summary
Italian
Arnone Maurizio
Italian
Daniele Moscatelli Officer from Rome. Participated in various aspects but primarly known as officer who questioned Raffaele Sollecito on November 5th.
Summary
English
Italian
Monica Napoleoni Deputy Commissioner of Police, Perugia Flying Squad.
English
Italian
Roberto Politi Officer from Rome. Particpated in the December 18 evidence collection at the cottage.
Italian
Domenico Giacinto Profazio
Italian
Rico Rolli
Italian
Piero Sbardella
Italian
Stefano Sisani
Italian
Simone Tacconi
Italian
Claudio Trifici Postal Police who examined computers seized from Raffaele Sollecito, Amanda Knox, Patrick Lumumba, and Meredith Kercher
Italian
Marco Trotta Postal Police who examined computers seized from Raffaele Sollecito, Amanda Knox, Patrick Lumumba, and Meredith Kercher
Italian
Oreste Volturno Detective who followed up on tip of Sollecito's scissor attack, investigated the bleach to establish date of purchase after maid changed stories from never using it to having purchased it.
Summary
English
Italian
Lorena Zugarini Assistant chief at Perugia Flying Squad. One of two officers questioning Amanda Knox when Knox placed herself at the scene and falsely accused an innocent man.
English
Italian
Expert Witnesses
Mauro Bacci
Italian
Pietro Boemia Footprint expert for Scientific Police.
Summary
English
Italian
Francesco Camana Blood splatter analyst.
Italian
Claudio Cantagalli Technical video engineer.
Italian
Sonia Cieri Electronics engineer in telecommunications working for Vodafone
Italian
Luca Fioravanti Expert from Vodafone
Italian
Antonino Francaviglia Technical expert, Rome Scientific Police, Latent Papillary Prints Division.
Italian
Agatino Giunta Prints expert, Rome Scientific Police, Head of the Latent Papillary Prints Division.
Italian
Cesare Iacuitto
Italian
Luca Lalli Forensic pathologist who performed the autopsy on Meredith Kercher
Italian
Alberto Intini Director of the Scientific Police.
Italian
Dr. Vincenza Liviero
Italian
Mauro Marchionni Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Italian
Marco Perla Scientifc Police Anti-Crime Unit.
Italian
Giuseppe Privitera Scientific Police.
Italian
Dr. Lorenzo Rinaldi Footprint Expert for the Scientific Police.
Italian
Patrizia Stefanoni Biologist / DNA.
English
Italian
Closing Arguments
Prosecution
Defense
Prosecution closing arguments are not available. Luca Maori's Massei Trial Closing Arguments for Raffaele Sollecito
Civil Parties
Giulia Bongiorno's Massei Trial Closing Arguments for Raffaele Sollecito
Letizia Magnini's Massei Trial Closing Arguments on Behalf of Civil Party Aldalia Tattanelli Carlo Dalla Vedova's Massei Trial Closing Arguments in Defense of Amanda Knox
Carlo Pacelli's Massei Trial Closing Arguments on Behalf of Civil Party Patrick Diya Lumumba Luciano Ghirga's Massei Trial Closing Arguments in Defense of Amanda Knox
Francesco Maresca's Massei Trial Closing Arguments on Behalf of Civil Party Kercher Family
Serena Perna's Massei Trial Closing Arguments on Behalf of Civil Party Stephanie Kercher
Rebuttals
Giuliano Mignini's Massei Trial Rebuttal For Prosecution Maria Del Grosso's Massei Trial Rebuttal in Defense of Amanda Knox
Manuela Comodi's Massei Trial Rebuttal For Prosecution Luciano Ghirga's Massei Trial Rebuttal in Defense of Amanda Knox
Carlo Pacelli's Massei Trial Rebuttal on Behalf of Civil Party Patrick Diya Lumumba Donatella Donati's Massei Trial Rebuttal for Raffaele Sollecito
Serena Perna's Massei Trial Rebuttal on Behalf of Civil Party Stephanie Kercher
Defendant Final Statements
Francesco Maresca's Massei Trial Rebuttal on Behalf of Civil Party Kercher Family Raffaele Sollecito's Massei Trial Closing Statement
Amanda Knox's Massei Trial Closing Statement
December 4th 2009 transcript is missing

Hellmann Transcripts

The Hellmann appeal began on November 2, 2010 and concluded on October 2, 2011 with the provisional acquittal of Amanda Knox and Raffaele Sollecito. At that time, the court also lifted the preventative detention order that had kept Knox and Sollecito incarcerated from the day of their arrest. On March 26, 2013 the Supreme Court of Cassation quashed the Hellmann appeal ruling on grounds of illogicality and violations of Italian law. A new appeal was order and has since confirmed Knox and Sollecito's guilt.

For people familiar with the common law system there are some differences that should be taken into consideration. In common law systems a convict must appeal on questions of law to be granted a new trial. In Italy defendants are automatically granted an appeal on questions of fact. In the common law system if a convict is successful in getting a new trial the new trial will have all the witnesses and all the evidence presented before the new trier of fact. In the Italian system, the evidence from the trial of first instance is part of the record. The trier of fact is required to study the evidence from the trial of first instance. The defense and the prosecution can request that new evidence be admitted and they can also request that evidence from the trial of first instance be examined more closely. For a graphical depiction of this, please see the Venn diagram at the top of this page.

The court transcripts from the Hellmann appeal are in the table below but if you prefer a day by day account of the Hellmann appeal you can find that here Hellmann Appeal

Prosecution Witnesses
Nov 24, 2010
First Day - Procedural
Summary
Dec 11, 2010
First Day - Procedural (Reprise)
Summary
Dec 18, 2010
Court ruling on scope of the appeal
Summary
Jan 15, 2011
Independent experts assigned to do review of DNA evidence.
Summary
Mar 26, 2011
Antonio "Toto" Curatolo recalled as a witness
Summary
May 21, 2011
Brief session experts ask for extension and Hellmann ruling on new witnesses
Summary
June 18, 2011
New Witnesses -- Prison Informants
          Mario Alessi
         
         
         
          Luciano Aviello
June 27, 2011
New Witnesses -- Rebuttal to Prison Informants
          Rudy Guede
Summary
English
Italian
          Spontaneous Declaration - Amanda Knox
Italian
          Spontaneous Declaration - Raffaele Sollecito
Italian
          Giacomoh Benedetti
English
Italian
          Cosimo Zaccaro
Summary
English
Italian
          Alexander Ilic
Summary
English
Italian
          Marco Chiacchiera
Summary
English
Italian
          Monica Napoleoni
Summary
English
Italian
June 30, 2011
No court session but Conti-Vecchiotti Report submitted to court
Italian
July 25, 2011
Conti-Vecchiotti Presentation
Italian
July 30, 2011
Conti-Vecchiotti Cross-Examination
Italian
Sept 5-7, 2011
Negative Control Tests
Summary
Carla Vecchiotti Cross-Examination by Civil Party
Summary
Dr. Patrizia Stefanoni
Summary
Giuseppe Novelli
Summary
Adriano Tagliabracci
Summary
Prosecution Request For A DNA Review
Summary
Request To Recall Aviello After Claims He Was Bribed By Sollecito's Family
Summary
Sept 23-24, 2011
Prosecution Close
Sept 26, 2011
Civil Party Close
Sept 27-28, 2011
Defense Close

Nencini Transcripts

Transcript of Proceedings November 25, 2013 - Prosecution Closing Arguments

Transcript of Proceedings November 26, 2013 - Prosecution Closing Arguments, Civile Parte Patrick Lumumba's Closing Arguments, Civile Parte Magnini's Closing Arguments

Amanda Knox's Email to the Nencini Appeal (English) read out in court on December 17, 2013.

Expert's Reports


Factums, Appeals, and Motions Filed


Miscellaneous Documents

Giuliano Mignini's Closing Arguments - Preliminary Hearing

Evidence Collection Videos

Amanda Knox - In Her Own Words


Raffaele Sollecito - In His Own Words


    Rudy Guede - In His Own Words