Primary Sources

From The Murder of Meredith Kercher
Jump to: navigation, search
Court Decisions
Matteini Court Documents   •   Gemelli Court Documents   •   The Massei Trial Court Transcripts   •   The Hellmann Appeal Court Transcripts   •   The Nencini Appeal Court Transcripts
Expert's Reports   •   Factums, Appeals, and Motions Filed   •   Miscellaneous Documents
Documents and Statements Produced by Amanda Knox   •   Documents and Statements Produced by Raffaele Sollecito   •   Documents and Statements Produced by Rudy Guede


Court Decisions

A brief introduction to the Italian criminal justice system for readers more familiar with the Common Law system. In Common Law jurisdictions an accused is given a trial and that is the only occasion where a judgement is made as to the the facts in question and the guilt of the accused. If convicted the individual may appeal the conviction but the appeal is limited to mistake of law. Except in very specific situations a convicted individual cannot appeal on the basis of new evidentiary arguments, on questions of fact, nor on questions of guilt.
"Public examinations of the evidence against Amanda Knox and Raffaele Sollecito heard at each level"
Public examinations of the evidence against Amanda Knox and Raffaele Sollecito heard at each level
"Flowchart of Amanda Knox and Raffaele Sollecito trial"
Flowchart of Amanda Knox, Raffaele Sollecito, and Rude Guede's trials

The Italian criminal justice system is different in this respect. In the Italian system there is the initial trial but regardless of the finding of that trial an appeal is automatically granted, if requested by either the defense or the prosecution. Unlike the Common Law system this appeal is based on examining the facts and evidence again. With the courts permission new evidence can be introduced and evidence already heard can be re-examined. Any evidence that was part of the original trial is included as evidence in the appeal but it is not heard again by the new court. The responsibility lies with the court to study the testimony and motivation report of the previous court. The Venn diagram to the left is a graphical representation of this.

In the Italian system a final verdict can only be rendered by the Supreme Court of Cassation. After a criminal trial has been through an initial trial and an appeal the entirety of the material is presented to Cassation to render a verdict. If there are mistakes of law (and under the Italian system illogical reasoning is considered a mistake of law) Cassation can void the appeal and order that the appeal be done again. That is what happened in the trial of Amanda Knox and Raffaele Sollectio. The flowchart to the right illustrates the path traveled by all three accused. The path can only end with either an acquittal or conviction finalized by Cassation. All other verdicts are only provisional verdicts awaiting the decision of the next court.

Trials involving Amanda Knox and Raffaele Sollecito
Matteini Hearing Pre-Trial hearing to determine if Raffaele Sollecito would be allowed house arrest.
English Summary
English Translation
Italian
The Matteini Report Matteini motivation report on why Diya Lumumba, Amanda Knox and Raffaele Sollecito should remain in precautionary custody before indictment and trial.
English Translation
Italian
The Massei Report The reasoning of the first court that heard the evidence against Amanda Knox and Raffaele Sollecito. It covers the evidence against Knox and Sollecito and explains why the court found them guilty.
English Summary
English Translation
Italian
The Hellmann Sentencing Report The reasoning of the second court that reviewed the evidence heard during Massei and some additional witnesses who testified for the first time. The court decided to free Knox and Sollecito.
English Translation
Italian
The Supreme Court Sentencing Report The reasoning of the Supreme Court that rejected and nullified the Hellmann reasoning for being illogical and a violation of Italian law. A new appeal was ordered.
English Summary
English Translation
Italian
The Nencini Sentencing Report The reasoning of the appeals court that reviewed the evidence heard during Massei and Hellmann. The court reaffirmed the Massei court decision to convict Knox and Sollecito and increased Knox's sentence.
English Translation
Italian
Trials involving Rudy Guede
The Micheli Sentencing Report The fast-track trial of Rudy Guede and the committal hearing for Amanda Knox and Raffaele Sollecito. Guede was sentenced to 30 years in prison and Knox and Sollecito were committed for trial.
English Summary
Italian
The Borsini-Belardi Sentencing Report Rudy Guede's first appeal
Italian
The Giordano Sentencing Report Supreme Court of Cassation's decision in Rudy Guede's trial. Rejected Guede's appeal. Reduced Guede's sentence as required because he elected to take a fast-track trial. Touched on evidence related to Knox and Sollecito and specifically finalized the finding that Guede did not act alone.
English Translation

Matteini Court Documents


Gemelli Court Documents


    Transcripts

    Massei Transcripts

    The Massei Trial started on January 16, 2009 and ended on December 5, 2009 with the conviction of Amanda Knox and Raffaele Sollecito for the murder of Meredith Kercher and several related lesser offenses. The court met 39 times to hear witness testimony and 9 days to hear closing arguments. These are the currently available transcripts of that trial. The collection below represents a complete collection of the entire trial with the exception of June 5th and 6th (Kercher Family), and June 27th (Amanda Knox's character witnesses). In addition we are missing three of the nine days of closing arguments.

    Summaries are in English and we are working towards translating all the transcripts into English. For transcripts not yet translated users of Chrome browser will allow you to machine translate the Italian transcripts into English or any language of your choice.

    If you prefer to read the evidence in chronological order a day by day synopsis is available: Massei Trial

    Prosecution Witnesses
    Defense Witnesses
    Antonio Aiello Kokomani's lawyer.
    Summary
    Italian
    Defendants
    Luca Altieri Filomena's boyfriend / present when body discovered.
    Summary
    Italian
    Amanda Knox English • Video • Audio
    Spontaneous Declarations
    Fabrizio Angelucci Drycleaner used by Raffaele Sollecito. Testified to Sollecito requesting rush service on shirt that had already been hand washed.
    Summary
    Italian
    Raffaele Sollecito Raffaele Sollecito elected to not testify
    Spontaneous Declarations
    Jade Bidwell Meredith Kercher's friend. Testified about Halloween night and Amanda Knox's behaviour at police station.
    Summary
    English
    Italian
    Witnesses
    Alessandro Biscarini Found one of Meredith Kercher's discarded mobile phone in the Biscarini/Lana family garden.
    Summary
    English
    Italian
    Sara Boccali Raffaele Sollecito's landlady.
    Summary
    Italian
    Fiammetta Biscarini Found one of Meredith Kercher's discarded mobile phone in the Biscarini/Lana family garden.
    English
    Italian
    Paolo Brocchi A lawyer whose office was burglarized, implication is by Guede.
    Italian
    Stefano Bonassi Resident of downstairs apartment
    Italian
    Ana Marina Chiriboga Raffaele Sollecito's cleaning lady. Originally told police she never used bleach. Changed story after meeting with Sollecito's lawyer. (see Volturno)
    Italian
    Robyn Butterworth Meredith's friend. Testified to Knox's behavior at the police station, Knox's statement that Meredith was in the closet.
    Summary
    Italian
    Pasqualino Coletta Car had mechanical problems near the cottage
    Italian
    Pietro Campolongo Student and Merlin pub promoter, testified seeing Meredith on Halloween night and Rudy Guede two days later.
    Summary
    English
    Italian
    Dorothy Craft Najir Amanda Knox's second cousin from Germany
    Italian
    Nara Capezzali Neighbor from across the parking lot who heard a scream from the house 10:30 or 11:00pm.
    English
    Italian
    Paolo Farsi Bank manager. Testified about 20-Euro transaction on Meredith's account posted after her death.
    English
    Italian
    Alessia Ceccarelli Witness who saw a bloodstained man night of murder.
    Italian
    Hicham Khiri "aka ""Shaky,"" first suggested by Knox as a possible suspect. Testified about his own activity that night and friendship with Meredith and Sophie. "
    English
    Italian
    Giorgio Cocciaretto Friend of guys from downstairs apartment.
    Italian
    Ricardo Luciani Resident of downstairs flat.
    Italian
    Antonio Curatolo The man in the nearby piazza who saw Knox and Sollecito there on the evening of the murder, looking down toward the house.
    English
    Italian
    Marco Marzan Resident of downstairs flat.
    Summary
    Italian
    Maria Ilaria Dramis Neighbor who heard multiple sets of footsteps under her window, running away from the house.
    Italian
    Edda Mellas Amanda Knox's mother. Testified to to what was discussed in pre-dawn phone call from Knox, which Knox claimed to have forgotten making.
    Italian
    Leonardo Fazio Friend of Raffaele Sollecito. Was supposed to testify to Sollecito's past but had a sudden bout of amnesia.
    Italian
    Marco Miccolini Friend of guys from downstairs apartment.
    Summary
    Italian
    Alessandra Formica Walking near cottage night of murder. Encountered a black man running.
    Italian
    Carmela Occhipinti Car had mechanical problems near the cottage.
    Summary
    Italian
    Amy Frost Meredith's friend. Testified to Meredith's relationship with Knox and Knox's behaviour at the police station. Knox told Frost she hadn't showered that morning.
    English
    Italian
    Matteo Palazzoli A lawyer whose office was burglarized, implication is by Guede.
    Summary
    Italian
    Antonio Galizia Commander of the Carabinieri station of Giovinazzo. Testified about Sollecito's detention for drug possession.
    Italian
    Maurizio Rosignoli Kiosk vendor in Piazza Grimana.
    Italian
    Fabio Gioffredi Testified having seen Meredith, Amanda, Raffaele and Rudy together a few days before the murder.
    Italian
    Lucia Salsiccioli Car had mechanical problems near the cottage.
    Italian
    Paola Grande Filomena's friend. Present when body discovered.
    Italian
    Francesco Sollecito Raffaele Sollecito's father.
    Summary
    Italian
    Rosa Natalia Guaman Fernandez de Calle Raffaele Sollecito's cleaning lady. Testified about bleach.
    Italian
    Expert Witnesses
    Rudy Guede Co-accused. Refused to testify
    Italian
    Anna Aprile
    Summary
    Italian
    Natalie Hayward Meredith's friend. Testified to the behavior of Amanda Knox at police station.
    Italian
    Carlo Caltagirone Psychiatrist (stress & memory).
    Summary
    Italian
    Hekuran Kokomani Man who delivered awkward testimony about seeing Knox, Sollecito, and Guede outside the cottage that night.
    Summary
    Italian
    Mariano Cingolani
    Italian
    Elisabetta Lana Took the discarded mobile phones to the police station.
    Antonio D'Ambrosio Sollecito's computer consultant.
    Italian
    Giampaolo Lombardo
    Italian
    Sarah Gino (additional testimony) Biologist. Attempted to neutralize Stefanoni's report.
    Italian
    Patrick Diya Lumumba Pub owner who employed Amanda Knox. Knox falsely accused Lumumba of raping and killing Meredith.
    Italian
    Sarah Gino Biologist. Attempted to neutralize Stefanoni's report.
    Italian
    Laura Mezzetti Roommate of Knox and Meredith. Testified to their relationship. Saw scratch on Knox's neck on Nov 2, reported this to the police that week.
    Italian
    Francesco Introna Professor of forensic pathology and consultant for Raffaele Sollecito. Said Meredith was attacked from behind.
    Italian
    Antonella Monacchia Neighbor who heard yelling between a man and a woman that ended with a scream.
    Italian
    Francesco Pasquali Ballistics expert: rock breaking window demonstration
    Italian
    Antonella Negri Amanda Knox's teacher at University of Foreigners
    Italian
    Walter Patumi Knox consultant, specialist in forensic medicine. Testified largely to the injuries suffered by the victim.
    Italian
    Jovana Popovic Friend of Raffaele Sollecito. Testified that she saw Amanda Knox at Sollecito's around 8:45pm
    Italian
    Bruno Pellero Defense telecomunications expert.
    Italian
    Helen Powell Meredith's friend. Testified about Halloween night.
    Italian
    Giancarlo Umani Ronchi Defense medical expert. Testified about time and cause of death.
    Summary
    Italian
    Sophie Purton Meredith's friend. Testified to Meredith's relationship with Knox, Meredith's movements that evening.
    Italian
    Adriano Tagliabracci Sollecito consultant. Testified to DNA analysis.
    Italian
    Marco Quintavalle Store manager who saw Amanda Knox waiting for his store to open the morning after the murder.
    English
    Italian
    Maurizio Taglialatela
    Summary
    Italian
    Samantha Rodenhurst Meredith’s friend. Testified to Amanda Knox’s behavior.
    English
    Italian
    Carlo Torre Consultant for Amanda Knox. Said Meredith was attacked from the front.
    Italian
    Filomena Romanelli Roommate / occupant of burglarized room. Testified finding glass on top of her belongings and that none were taken. Present when body discovered.
    Italian
    Francesco Vinci Defense (Sollecito) footprint expert. Testified that a smaller set of prints accompanied the large set, but did not compare to Knox's feet.
    Italian
    Carlo Maria Scotto di Rinaldi Owner of Bubble. Testified about Amanda Knox and Raffaele behavior when they purchased lingerie two days after the murder
    Italian
    Character Witnesses
    Giacomo Silenzi Meredith's new boyfriend. Testified that a group including Knox and Guede went to a pub together, and of an occasion in October when Knox and Guede were at the house.
    Italian
    Saverio Binetti Raffaele Sollecito's friend from home. Testified Sollecito is nice.
    Italian
    Francesco Tavernese Principal of the Onaosi college where Raffaele Sollecito studied
    Italian
    Corrado Candia Raffaele Sollecito's friend from home. Testified Sollecito is nice.
    Italian
    Marco Zaroli Filomena's friend / present when body discovered
    Italian
    Angelo Cirillo Raffaele Sollecito's friend from school. Testified Sollecito is nice.
    Italian
    Police Officers Involved With Investigation
    Mariano Martino Raffaele Sollecito's friend from home. Testified Sollecito is nice.
    Italian
    Raffaele Argirò Officer at Capanne prision. Currently facing sexual assault charges in an unrelated case.
    Summary
    English
    Italian
    Gabriele Traverso Raffaele Sollecito's friend from home. Testified Sollecito is nice.
    Italian
    Maurizio Arnone
    Italian
    Mauro Barbadori Testified about parking lot CCTV footage.
    Summary
    English
    Italian
    Filippo Bartolozzi Director of the Postal Police. Dispatched Battistelli and Marsi.
    Italian
    Michele Battistelli Postal police officer who unexpectedly arrived to be first on scene
    Summary
    Italian
    Mauro Bigini Chief Inspector, Perugia Flying Squad
    Italian
    Gioia Brocci
    Italian
    Stefano Buratti Assistant Chief of the State Police Homicide Squad
    Italian
    Daniele Ceppitelli Officer of the Carabinieri that received Raffaele Sollecito's 112 calls.
    Summary
    Italian
    Marco Chiacchiera
    Italian
    Giuseppe Codispoti Office of the Scientific Police that participated in the December 18 2007 search of the cottage
    Italian
    Aida Colantone Interpreter and translator
    Summary
    Italian
    Fabio D'Astolto Australian-born police officer who acted as interpreter for AK
    Summary
    English
    Italian
    Anna Donnino Interpreter and translator employed by the police. Present for Knox's interrogation, continued to translate English tapes and writings associated with the case.
    Summary
    English
    Italian
    Rita Ficarra Chief Inspector at the Perugia Flying Squad. One of two officers questioning Amanda Knox when Knox placed herself at the scene and falsely accused an innocent man.
    English
    Italian
    Armando Finzi Chief Inspector in Perugia Flying Squad. Participated in search of Raffaele Sollecito's apartment.
    Italian
    Edgardo Giobbi Investigating officer from Rome bought in to assist Perugia police.
    English
    Italian
    Mirko Gregori Postal Police officer who examined Raffaele Sollecito's computer
    Italian
    Stefano Gubbiotti Police Superintendent
    Italian
    Claudio Ippolito Video technician in Scientific Police
    Italian
    Letterio Latella Officer of the Postal Police. Dealt with the phone records.
    Italian
    Fabio Marsi Postal police office unexpectedly arrived to be first on scene
    Summary
    Italian
    Daniele Moscatelli Officer from Rome. Participated in various aspects but primarly known as officer who questioned Raffaele Sollecito on November 5th.
    Summary
    English
    Italian
    Monica Napoleoni Deputy Commissioner of Police, Perugia Flying Squad
    English
    Italian
    Roberto Politi Officer from Rome. Participated in the December 18 evidence collection at the cottage.
    Italian
    Domenico Giacinto Profazio
    Italian
    Rico Rolli
    Italian
    Piero Sbardella
    Italian
    Stefano Sisani
    Italian
    Simone Tacconi
    Italian
    Claudio Trifici Postal Police who examined computers seized from Raffaele Sollecito, Amanda Knox, Patrick Lumumba, and Meredith Kercher
    Italian
    Marco Trotta Postal Police who examined computers seized from Raffaele Sollecito, Amanda Knox, Patrick Lumumba, and Meredith Kercher
    Italian
    Oreste Volturno Detective who followed up on tip of Sollecito's scissor attack, investigated the bleach to establish date of purchase after maid changed stories from never using it to having purchased it.
    Summary
    English
    Italian
    Lorena Zugarini
    English
    Italian
    Expert Witnesses
    Mauro Bacci
    Italian
    Pietro Boemia Footprint expert for Scientific Police.
    Summary
    English
    Italian
    Francesco Camana Blood splatter analyst.
    Italian
    Claudio Cantagalli Technical video engineer.
    Italian
    Sonia Cieri Electronics engineer in telecommunications working for Vodafone
    Italian
    Luca Fioravanti Expert from Vodafone
    Italian
    Agatino Giunta
    Italian
    Cesare Iacuitto
    Italian
    Alberto Intini Director of the Scientific Police.
    Italian
    Luca Lalli Forensic pathologist who performed the autopsy on Meredith Kercher
    Italian
    Dr. Vincenza Liviero
    Italian
    Mauro Marchionni Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology
    Italian
    Marco Perla Scientifc Police Anti-Crime Unit.
    Italian
    Giuseppe Privitera Scientific Police.
    Italian
    Dr. Lorenzo Rinaldi Footprint Expert for the Scientific Police.
    Italian
    Patrizia Stefanoni Biologist / DNA.
    English
    Italian
    Closing Arguments
    Prosecution
    Defense
    Prosecution closing arguments are not available. Luca Maori's Massei Trial Closing Arguments for Raffaele Sollecito
    Civil Parties
    Giulia Bongiorno's Massei Trial Closing Arguments for Raffaele Sollecito
    Letizia Magnini's Massei Trial Closing Arguments on Behalf of Civil Party Aldalia Tattanelli Carlo Dalla Vedova's Massei Trial Closing Arguments in Defense of Amanda Knox
    Carlo Pacelli's Massei Trial Closing Arguments on Behalf of Civil Party Patrick Diya Lumumba Luciano Ghirga's Massei Trial Closing Arguments in Defense of Amanda Knox
    Francesco Maresca's Massei Trial Closing Arguments on Behalf of Civil Party Kercher Family
    Serena Perna's Massei Trial Closing Arguments on Behalf of Civil Party Stephanie Kercher
    Rebuttals
    Giuliano Mignini's Massei Trial Rebuttal For Prosecution Maria Del Grosso's Massei Trial Rebuttal in Defense of Amanda Knox
    Manuela Comodi's Massei Trial Rebuttal For Prosecution Luciano Ghirga's Massei Trial Rebuttal in Defense of Amanda Knox
    Carlo Pacelli's Massei Trial Rebuttal on Behalf of Civil Party Patrick Diya Lumumba Donatella Donati's Massei Trial Rebuttal for Raffaele Sollecito
    Serena Perna's Massei Trial Rebuttal on Behalf of Civil Party Stephanie Kercher
    Defendant Final Statements
    Francesco Maresca's Massei Trial Rebuttal on Behalf of Civil Party Kercher Family Raffaele Sollecito's Massei Trial Closing Statement
    Amanda Knox's Massei Trial Closing Statement
    December 4th 2009 transcript is missing

    Hellmann Transcripts

    The Hellmann appeal began on November 2, 2010 and concluded on October 2, 2011 with the provisional acquittal of Amanda Knox and Raffaele Sollecito. At that time, the court also lifted the preventative detention order that had kept Knox and Sollecito incarcerated from the day of their arrest. On March 26, 2013 the Supreme Court of Cassation quashed the Hellmann appeal ruling on grounds of illogicality and violations of Italian law. A new appeal was order and has since confirmed Knox and Sollecito's guilt.

    For people familiar with the common law system there are some differences that should be taken into consideration. In common law systems a convict must appeal on questions of law to be granted a new trial. In Italy defendants are automatically granted an appeal on questions of fact. In the common law system if a convict is successful in getting a new trial the new trial will have all the witnesses and all the evidence presented before the new trier of fact. In the Italian system, the evidence from the trial of first instance is part of the record. The trier of fact is required to study the evidence from the trial of first instance. The defense and the prosecution can request that new evidence be admitted and they can also request that evidence from the trial of first instance be examined more closely. For a graphical depiction of this, please see the Venn diagram at the top of this page.

    The court transcripts from the Hellmann appeal are in the table below but if you prefer a day by day account of the Hellmann appeal you can find that here Hellmann Appeal

    Prosecution Witnesses
    Nov 24, 2010
    First Day - Procedural
    Summary
    Dec 11, 2010
    First Day - Procedural (Reprise)
    Summary
    Dec 18, 2010
    Court ruling on scope of the appeal
    Summary
    Jan 15, 2011
    Independent experts assigned to do review of DNA evidence.
    Summary
    Mar 26, 2011
    Antonio "Toto" Curatolo recalled as a witness
    Summary
    May 21, 2011
    Brief session experts ask for extension and Hellmann ruling on new witnesses
    Summary
    June 18, 2011
    New Witnesses -- Prison Informants
              Mario Alessi
             
             
             
              Luciano Aviello
    June 27, 2011
    New Witnesses -- Rebuttal to Prison Informants
              Rudy Guede
    Summary
    English
    Italian
              Spontaneous Declaration - Amanda Knox
    Italian
              Spontaneous Declaration - Raffaele Sollecito
    Italian
              Giacomoh Benedetti
    English
    Italian
              Cosimo Zaccaro
    Summary
    English
    Italian
              Alexander Ilic
    Summary
    English
    Italian
              Marco Chiacchiera
    Summary
    English
    Italian
              Monica Napoleoni
    Summary
    English
    Italian
    June 30, 2011
    No court session but Conti-Vecchiotti Report submitted to court
    Italian
    July 25, 2011
    Conti-Vecchiotti Presentation
    Italian
    July 30, 2011
    Conti-Vecchiotti Cross-Examination
    Italian
    Sept 5-7, 2011
    Negative Control Tests
    Summary
    Carla Vecchiotti Cross-Examination by Civil Party
    Summary
    Dr. Patrizia Stefanoni
    Summary
    Giuseppe Novelli
    Summary
    Adriano Tagliabracci
    Summary
    Prosecution Request For A DNA Review
    Summary
    Request To Recall Aviello After Claims He Was Bribed By Sollecito's Family
    Summary
    Sept 23-24, 2011
    Prosecution Close
    Sept 26, 2011
    Civil Party Close
    Sept 27-28, 2011
    Defense Close

    Nencini Transcripts

    Transcript of Proceedings November 25, 2013 - Prosecution Closing Arguments

    Transcript of Proceedings November 26, 2013 - Prosecution Closing Arguments, Civile Parte Patrick Lumumba's Closing Arguments, Civile Parte Magnini's Closing Arguments

    Amanda Knox's Email to the Nencini Appeal (English) read out in court on December 17, 2013.

    Expert's Reports


    Factums, Appeals, and Motions Filed


    Miscellaneous Documents


    Amanda Knox - In Her Own Words


    Raffaele Sollecito - In His Own Words


      Rudy Guede - In His Own Words