Massei Trial

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Contents

Massei Trial

January 16, 2009

Preliminary Hearing

The first day of the trial for Amanda Knox and Raffaele Sollecito accused of murdering Meredith Kercher occurred in the Hall of Frescoes, the largest courtroom in the Palace of Justice in Perugia. The trial had originally been scheduled to commence on December 4, 2008 but was postponed for technical and procedural issues.[1] The first meeting of the court was completely procedural. The court opened with the swearing in of the lay judges and that was quickly followed by the defense requesting that the court rule that there is insufficient evidence to proceed. Defense lawyers almost always make this request the first day of trial even though it is never expected to be successful and this time was no different. The court agreed to meet Friday and Saturday starting February 6th to accommodate Sollecito's lawyer who besides being a lawyer was at the time also a Member of Parliament. The court was also asked to rule on whether the trial would be held in public or behind closed doors and on the admissibility of a written account that Amanda Knox produced for the police on the morning after her interrogation.

The People Involved

The Judges and Lay Judges

In Italy trials are heard by two professional judges and six lay judges selected at random by a computer program from Italian citizens who live in the region. Giancario Massei (56) who was appointed the President of the Criminal Chamber of the Court of Perugia three years prior was the primary judge for this trial.[2] The second judge was Beatrice Cristiani (53).[3] The panel of lay judges was composed of three men (35, 38, 57) and three women (37, 43, 51) as well as four alternates.[4]

The Accused

Amanda Marie Knox was represented in by her two lawyers Carlo Dalla Vedova and Luciano Ghirga. Raffaele Sollecito was represented in court by three lawyers -- Luca Maori, Marco Brusco, and Italian superstar lawyer Giulia Bongiorno. A third co-accused Rudy Guede had elected to take a fast-track trial so he was tried separately. At this time Guede had been sentenced to 30 years for his participation. Guede's final appeal had been set for November 18, 2009 where his sentence would be automatically reduced because he elected to take the condensed procedure. Guede was represented at the Massei trial by Walter Biscotti.[5]

The Civil Parties

In Italy, criminal and civil trials are conducted simultaneously and three civil parties were involved in this trial. The victim’s family was represented by their lawyers Francis Maresca and Serena Perna. Patrick Lumumba who Amanda Knox falsely accused of the murder was represented by Carlo Pacelli in a civil suit for slander against Knox. Aldalia Tattanelli, the owner of the property where the murder took place, was represented by attorney Letizia Magnini.

The Charges
Request to have trial behind closed doors

The Kercher family, through their lawyer requested that the trial be held behind closed doors.[6][7][8] They claimed that the disturbing sexual nature of some of the evidence justified this change in procedure. This request was opposed by Ghirga for Amanda Knox and Bongiorno for Raffaele Sollecito.[9] Both lawyers argued that it is not sufficient that justice be done but that it must be seen by the public being done in open court.[10]

After deliberating privately for an hour the judges and jury returned with an answer.[11] The trial would happen in open court but video and audio recording by journalists would be forbidden.[12][13][14] Massei reasoned that "there is no social interest in filming" and that even without recording "the presence of journalists can ensure timely and accurate knowledge of the trial."[15] Massei went on to say that the court would be willing to revisit this issue on a witness by witness basis and that it would be acceptable to have some of the more graphic evidence behind closed doors.[16][17]

Request to have Amanda Knox's written statement excluded

Amanda Knox's lawyers requested that the statement she wrote after her interrogation be excluded and not allowed as evidence.[18] Knox had confessed to being at the cottage when Meredith was murdered on November 6, 2007.[19] The Supreme Court had already excluded these statements because under Italian law Knox was required to have a lawyer present during questioning. Knox was questioned only because she was present at the police station when Raffaele Sollecito confessed to the police that everything he had told them about the night of the murder was "rubbish" and that he had lied because Amanda Knox had asked him to.[20][21] The Supreme Court correctly concluded that with Knox's co-accused making such incriminating statements it was not possible to treat Knox as a witness being questioned and that the police should have treated Knox as a suspect.

With the official statements excluded, Knox's lawyer Carlo Dalla Vedova now wanted to have the voluntary statement that Knox wrote the following morning also excluded. Dalla Vedova argued that if not for the interrogation, Knox would never have written the statement.[22] He further made the argument that the statement was written without an interpreter[23] -- a strange position to take given Knox wrote the statement in English and the statement was the result of Knox requesting pen and paper and a narrative that she voluntarily wrote without anyone questioning her.

The prosecution's position was that Amanda Knox without prompting and without questioning asked for and was provided with a pen and paper. She voluntarily wrote this statement. As such it should be treated as a voluntary declaration and allowed as evidence.

The court deferred giving a ruling on this request until the next meeting of the court in February.

February 6, 2009

At the previous meeting of the court, lawyers for Amanda Knox had argued that her written statement should be excluded. After hearing arguments from both sides Massei ruled that the statement could be used as evidence in the trial.[24]

Raffaele Sollecito's Spontaneous Statement #1

Raffaele Sollecito made two brief impromptu speeches. This is allowed under the Italian system where defendants are allowed to make statements and address the court from their seats at the defence table between witnesses.

The first statement was a generic plea that he was innocent.

I am Raffaele Sollecito and I wanted to only say that the situation I find myself in is very difficult to explain.It is completely unreal to me and I have absolutely nothing to do with it.[25]

Sollecito would then go on to state that he would "not hurt a fly" and that he had been in jail for 15 months and that he had nothing to do with this.[26][27] Raffaele went on to state that there had been a lot of confusion and that he felt his arrest and trial was a miscarriage of justice.[28] Sollecito also stressed he hardly knew Meredith Kercher and that he had never met Rudy Guede a third individual that was convicted of the same charges Sollecito was facing now.[29][30][31]

Filippo Bartolozzi

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Filippo Bartolozzi
Director of the Postal Police
Summary
English
Italian

Bartolozzi testified about a bomb threat Elisabetta Lana received which later turned out to be an unrelated hoax perpetrated by a young boy.[32] Because of that hoax when Elisabetta Lana and her children discovered the discarded mobile phones they reported them to the Postal Police immediately. Bartolozzi testified that he dispatched two officers to investigate the bomb threat / mobile phones between 12:25pm and 12:30pm.

In addition to the events that led to the Postal Police being dispatched to the cottage Bartolozzi was also involved with the investigation of Raffaele Sollecito's computer. Sollecito's alibi is that he was on the computer from around 9pm until 1am. Baratolozzi's testimony contradicted Sollecito's claims. There had been no human interaction with the computer between 9:10pm and 5:52am.[33] [34] [35] The murder took place between 10pm and 11pm and Sollecito's apartment is about ten minutes from Via della Pergola where the murder occurred. There was computer activity at 5:52am followed by Sollecito's mobile phone being turned on.[36] This is problematic for Knox and Sollecito who maintain that they were sleeping from 2am until 10am.

Michele Battistelli

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Michele Battistelli
First officer on the scene
Summary
English
Italian

Michele Battistelli was an officer of the Postal Police who along with Fabio Marsi was sent to Via della Pergola #7 because a mobile phone belonging to Filomena Romanelli was found at a home that the previous night was the victim of a bomb hoax.[37] Battistelli testified that he and Marsi left the offices of the Postal Police at 12:00pm, maybe 12:05pm and that he looked at the clock at the office before they left.[38] Battistelli testified that he estimated it took them 20 minutes to get to the cottage.[39] Battistelli testified that they arrived at the cottage at 12:30pm.[40] Battistelli was asked four times if he was certain about the time and he says yes because he looked at his watch when they went into the cottage and it was 12:35pm and they had already been outside talking for a little while.[41] The arrival of the Postal Police is important because Raffaele Sollecito called the emergency response number at 12:54pm so if the Postal Police arrived at 12:35pm then Sollecito called the police after the Postal Police had already arrived.[42]

Battistelli testified that after having trouble finding the cottage he got out on foot and quickly located it.[43] Marsi remained in the car and when Battistelli located the entrance he followed with the vehicle. Battistelli started talking to Knox and Sollecito who were outside by Romanelli's window.[44] Battistelli described the couple's reaction to his arrival as shocked and embarrassed.[45] Battistelli testified that Knox and Sollecito told him that they were waiting for the Carabinieri because after spending the night away Knox had returned to find the door open and a window broken.[46]

Upon examining Romanelli's room Battistelli determined almost immediately that the burglary had been staged.[47] Battistelli testified that he saw that the glass from the broken window was on top of the clothing that had been strewn on the floor. Battistelli also noticed a laptop and digital camera in plain sight that had not been taken as well as a second laptop in the room across the kitchen.[48] A rock was on the floor and Batistelli testified that he estimated it was 4kg to 5kg (9 to 11 lbs) and 20cm.[49] Battistelli testified that he told Sollecito that this was not a real burglary.[50]

Asked about the blood in the small bathroom Battistelli said that he did not see it himself.[51] He did not go beyond Romanelli's room until the decision to force open Meredith's door was made.[52] Battistelli was also asked if Sollecito was always in sight and he said no. Sollecito was in and out of the cottage and while he was outside he was not being observed.[53] Asked if he saw Amanda Knox use her phone Battistelli responded that he did not.[54]

Battistelli testified that his supervisor called to inform him that a second mobile phone had been found at the same location.[55] Battistelli had asked Amanda Knox for Filomena Romanelli's phone number but rather than give Battistelli Romanelli's number Knox instead wrote the number to Meredith's Italian phone on a piece of paper. Battistelli testified that he recognized the number as belonging to the phone that was at the Postal Police office.[56] Knox had called Filomena minutes before the Postal Police arrived and she knew Filomena's number so it is unclear why she gave Battistelli the wrong number.

Battistelli reported that Filomena, Paola, Luca, and Marco all arrived together at around 1pm.[57] Filomena spent 2-3 minutes in her room confirming that nothing had been taken before coming to speak to Battistelli.[58] Battistelli testified that when the topic of Meredith's locked door was raised Filomena got agitated and insisted something was wrong because Meredith never locked her door.[59] A decision to force open the door was made and Luca Altieri kicked it open after 3-4 attempts.[60] Asked where Knox and Sollecito were during this Battistelli responded that when the door was being forced open Sollecito and Knox had gone outside.[61]

When the door was forced open Battistelli testified that you could see a foot and a lot of blood.[62] Everyone was ushered out of the house immediately. Battistelli insists that he did not enter the room but Altieri testified that he saw Battistelli enter briefly.[63] This issue required a special session the following day where both Battistelli and Altieri were required to testify at the same time in an effort to resolve this dispute.

Battistelli testified that the door was forced open at 1:15pm and that he spent the next 20 minutes on the phone.[64] Asked what time the Carabinieri arrived originally he said about 5 minutes after the door was forced open but the second time he was asked he estimated that it was 15 minutes between the door being opened and the Carabinieri arriving.[65]

Battistelli testified that later that night he looked at Sollecito's phone records and based on those records he determined that Sollecito had called 112 after his own arrival.[66]

Fabio Marsi

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Fabio Marsi
Officer of the Postal Police / First on the scene
Summary
English
Italian


Inspector Fabio Marzi testified that Sollecito showed him the break-in room "specifying that it was not stolen anything," while Knox pointed out the tracks on the sink and on a mat in the bathroom next to the room of the victim. [67] [68][69] Marzi also testified to the behavior of Knox and Sollecito stating that they were acting inappropriately affectionate given the circumstances.[70] Marzi also confirmed the testimony of the others present and stated that when it was time to force open the door Knox and Sollecito disappeared and that when he next saw them it was outside.[71]

Raffaele Sollecito's Spontaneous Statement #2

Raffaele Sollecito made a second spontaneous statement again pleading his innocence. “It was me,” Sollecito emphasised, “who asked Inspector Battistelli to go into the house; he only wanted to know the telephone number of one of Amanda’s roommates. If I had had something to hide, I wouldn't have done that. I’m not dumb enough to have let myself be found there." [72]

Sollecito also stated, “I was the first to give a kick to Mez’s door because it was locked with a key”.[73] This is a reference to the claim that before the Postal Police arrived Sollecito had made an attempt to force open the door. A similar claim is reported in Amanda Knox's e-mail home which leads to the inevitable question -- If Knox and Sollecito were sufficiently concerned about Meredith to attempt to force open her door before the Postal Police arrived why did they not mention the locked door until Officer Marzi inquired about it and why did Amanda Knox lie to the police and tell them that there was nothing to be concerned about since Meredith always locked her door even to take a shower?

Elisabetta Lana

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Elisabetta Lana
Took Meredith's discarded mobile phones to the postal police
Summary
English
Italian

The murder investigation started after a member of the public, Elisabetta Lana, took a mobile phone to the Perugia police station with her husband Mr Biscarini. Her son, Alessandro Biscarini, had found the phone at the end of their garden on the morning of November 2, a short distance from Kercher's house. [74]

The previous night the Biscarini family had received a strange phone call at 10 pm. Elisabetta Lana had answered the phone and had been told there was a bomb in the house and warned not to use the bathroom and to get out of the house. Mrs Lana had called the police (113, Polizia di Stato) to investigate the matter but nothing had been found.[75]

On the morning of the 2nd of November Alessando Biscarini had taken the mobile phone that had been found in the garden inside the house asking whether it belonged to any of the family members and when it turned out it didn't, Elisabetta Lana's husband, Mr Biscarini, had called the police (113) once again, this time to inquire if the phone had been left by either of the two officers that had been around the previous evening. The 113 operator had not been able to answer that question and had requested Mr Biscarini to take the phone to the postal police for further investigations.[76] The bomb threat was later discovered to be a hoax call by a bored young man looking to entertain himself.

Alessandro Biscarini

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Alessandro Biscarini
Found Meredith's discarded Motorola phone
Summary
English
Italian

Alessandro Biscarini, Elisabetta Lana's son, testified that he had found Meredith's Motorola cell phone at 9 am on November 2nd, 2007, in the middle of an open space in their garden, 15-20 meters from the road that was somewhat higher than the garden. The phone was powered off. He took the phone inside his mother's house to inquire whether it belonged to a family member. When it turned out it didn't, the family thought it might belong to one of the police officers that had been around the previous night to investigate a bomb threat. As the 113 operator wasn't able to provide an answer to their inquiry, he advised them to take the phone to the Postal Police offices.[77]

Alessandro Biscarini also testified that his sister, Fiammetta Biscarini, had found Meredith's Ericsson phone approximately 11.45 am-12.00 noon on the same day, November 2, 2007 and that the phone had rung when it was at their home and the caller id had identified the caller as a certain Amanda. As he didn't find the phone himself he was not able to say where it was found but according to what he had heard from his sister, the location was not far from where the Motorola phone had been found earlier the same day. [78]

Fiammetta Biscarini

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Fiammetta Biscarini
Found Meredith's discarded Ericsson phone
Summary
English
Italian

Fiammetta Biscarini, Elisabetta Lana's daughter, testified that around noon on November 2nd, 2007, she had been in the garden with the maid, smoking a cigarette. They had heard a mobile phone ringing and at first Fiammetta Biscarini had presumed it was the maid's phone that was ringing. When they heard the phone ringing a second time, they started to investigate and found the phone in the nearby hedge.[79]

Fiammetta testified further that the phone had rung yet again once it had been placed on the table inside the house and that they had seen from the caller id that the caller was a certain Amanda. This call had taken place around 12.05 pm. [80]

Fiammetta phoned her mother to inform her of the discovery of the second mobile phone. Elisabetta Lana who had been doing the shopping, urged her to come and join her so that they could then together take the second phone to the Postal Police. Fiammetta testified that they had arrived to the Postal Police offices around 12.30 pm and that writing down the statement had taken about 20-30 minutes. She was also asked about the hoax call the previous night and she recounted the entire incident.[81]

As for the phone's location, Fiammetta testified that the Ericsson phone had been found in the same part of the garden as the other mobile phone that was found earlier in the morning, and that it was located about 4-5 meters from the road, in the bushes. She was asked whether the Biscarini family house had an alarm system and she told that they had an internal but no external alarm system. Furthermore, when asked if the garden was easy to access, she told that it wasn't because the house was fenced. Lastly, she was asked about the distance between their house on via Sperandio and Meredith's house on via della Pergola 7 which she estimated to be about 2-3 minutes by car and about 15-20 minutes on foot. [82]

Marco Zaroli

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Marco Zaroli
Filomena Romanelli's friend / Present when body was discovered
Summary
English
Italian

Zaroli recounted how at the police station the night that Meredith's body was discovered he found Knox and Sollecito's behaviour to be strange and inappropriate. They were laughing, kissing, and stroking each other.

Luca Altieri

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Luca Altieri
Paola Grande's boyfriend / Present when body was discovered
Summary
English
Italian

Luca Altieri testified that he and Mario Zaroli went to the cottage after receiving a call from Filomena Romanelli advising them of a possible burglary and requesting that they go to the cottage since she was enroute but further away.[83] Altieri testified that when they arrived Knox and Sollecito were present as well as two officers from the Postal Police.[84] Altieri testified and then confirmed on cross-examination that he arrived no later than 12:45pm. This is important to the debate of whether the calls to the emergency number were made before or after the police had already arrived. If Luca Altieri is correct that he arrived at 12:45pm then the calls to 112 (the police emergency) number were made by Raffaele Sollecito after the police had already arrived.

Luca was asked about when Filomena and Paola arrived and he said he did not know but that it was no later than 30-45 minutes from when he and Marco arrived.[85]

Luca testified that Filomena's room was a mess but that there were several valuable portable items that had not been taken including a camera, a laptop, and a jewelry box.[86] Altieri testified that Marco opened the jewelry box to confirm that Filomena's jewelry was still inside and it was.[87] They then went outside to look at the point of entry and in Luca's opinion even a "circus acrobat" could not have accomplished that climb with a rock.[88]

Altieri also testified that there was a discussion about Meredith's locked door before Filomena arrived.[89] Amanda with Raffaele acting as a translator told the police that there was nothing to be concerned about because Meredith always locked her door even if she was just taking a shower.[90] Altieri testified that when Filomena heard about the locked door later she had a completely different reaction.[91] According to Luca upon hearing of Meredith's locked door Filomena became upset and said that Meredith never locked her door ever.[92] Filomena insisted that the door be forced open and Luca proceeded to kick it upon on his third or fourth attempt.[93]

Luca also testified that he noticed that the door had been cracked. Luca told the court that when he saw the crack he asked Raffaele about it and he told him that he had tried to force the door open himself before the Postal Police arrived.[94]

Luca testified that Knox and Sollecito were not in position to see into the room when the door was forced open but the he later overheard a doctor say that Meredith's throat had been cut and the he conveyed that information to Knox and Sollecito later while they were in his car waiting to leave for the police station.[95]

Luca also testified that as everyone was being rushed out of the house he saw Battistelli of the Postal Police enter Meredith's room.[96] Battistelli denies this. Judge Massei orders a special session with Battistelli and Altieri testifying at the same time to resolve this dispute for the following day.

Paola Grande

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Paola Grande
Filomena Romanelli's friend / Present when body was discovered
Summary
English
Italian

Paola testified that she heard a EMT say that Meredith's throat has been slit. She also testified to overhearing a conversation between Raffaele and Luca where Raffaele was asking Luca if Meredith was dead.

February 7, 2009

Filomena Romanelli

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Filomena Romanelli
Roommate of Meredith Kercher and Amanda Knox
Summary
English
Italian

Filomena Romanelli shared the apartment with Amanda Knox and Meredith Kercher. Romanelli's room was used for the staged burglary and although she was away for the holiday Amanda Knox's telephoned her and she returned to the cottage and was present when Meredith's body was discovered.

Amanda Knox and Meredith Kercher's Relationship

Filomena testified for nearly four hours. In her testimony, Romanelli discussed how Meredith and Amanda were initially close, bonding over a common language, but their relationship soon deteriorated.[97][98][99] Romanelli explained that Knox would often neglect her turn at cleaning the bathroom that she shared but that Meredith was fastidious about cleaning and that was a source of conflict between the girls. [100] Romanelli described Kercher as someone who was serious and dedicated to her studies. Her depiction of Knox was that Amanda had "quite a lot of interests." Romanelli explained that Meredith Kercher never brought men to the apartment but that Amanda Knox would bring home men.[101]

Then she would also bring strangers home – both her and Meredith were young and pretty and made friends easily. Meredith never brought men home - the only people who came to the house were two of her English girlfriends. Meredith said she was not interested in boys, she was here to study.[102]

Towards the end of October Meredith had started to date Giacomo Silenzi-- one of the boys who lived in the apartment under the girl's apartment.[103] Romanelli confirmed that both Meredith and Knox would sometimes smoke joints but that she would not call them "junkies or addicts."[104] Romanelli testified that she saw Amanda Knox smoke hashish but only once. Romanelli also recounted a conversation with Meredith where Knox was present and in which Meredith stated that she had the rent money, that was later stolen, on her.[105]

The Events of November 2, 2007

Regarding the events of November 2, 2007 Romanelli explained that she had spent the previous night away with her boyfriend and that she was enjoying the holiday with friends when Amanda Knox called at 12:15pm and told her that there was "something strange in the house."[106] Romanelli continued to explain how Knox has informed her that she had returned to the cottage to find the main door open and blood in one of the bathrooms. Knox told Romanelli that she had taken a shower at the cottage and that she was going to fetch Sollecito.[107]

She told me 'It's very odd. I've just come back to the house and the door is open. I had a shower but there's blood everywhere. I'm going to get Raff. Meredith is nowhere to be seen. Oh God, maybe something's happened to her, something tragic.[108]

Romanelli commented that at the time she thought it was strange that Knox would choose to take a shower given the bathroom was splattered with blood. "I thought it was odd that she'd had a shower when there was blood all over the place," she told chief prosecutor Giuliano Mignini during cross-examination. "I really don't think that's normal."[109] The police forensic team later found 13 traces of blood in the bathroom including a 10-inch-long smear on the floor.[110]

Filomena testified that she arrived at the cottage at about 1pm with Paola Grande. Marco Zaroli and Luca Altieri were already present.

Amanda Knox Lying to Delay Discovery of Body

Romanelli also recounted how on November 2nd after she returned to the cottage she learned that the door to Meredith's room was locked. Neither the police nor of the other people present felt this was an issue to be alarmed about because Amanda Knox had told them that Meredith always locked her door even to take a shower.[111] This was a lie and Romanelli upon discovering the door was locked went into a panic and demanded that it be forced open.[112][113] This would turn out to be important because Amanda Knox lying to the police only makes sense if one assumes she knew what was behind Meredith's door and in a panic elected to lie to the police to delay the discovery of the body. Without that there is no other motivation for Knox to tell the police something that both remaining roommates would confirm was a lie.

Evidence that Burglary was Staged

Romanelli also testified to the state of her room. She started by explaining that the shutters to her bedroom window were closed when she left. This is important because it requires that any argument for the authenticity of the burglary include the hypothetical burglar climbing the wall twice -- first to open the shutters and then a second time to enter the room. The defence realized this would make any argument for an authentic burglary much harder to present so all their experts assumed that the window shutters were open despite the statements that she is certain that she closed them upon leaving. Romanelli confirmed this in her testimony explaining that the wood was old and swollen and as such would rub on the windowsill. Despite efforts by defence attorneys to get Romanelli to admit to doubt about closing the shutters on cross-examination Romanelli insisted that she was certain they were closed when she left.

The last item that was important in Romanelli's testimony involves the state she found her room in upon arriving at the cottage. Romanelli's room had been ransacked to simulate a burglary. One of the items that was moved was the laptop bag. Romanelli testified that when she went to pick up the bag she noticed that the broken glass from the window was on top of the bag. Romanelli's testimony regarding the glass supports identical claims by the two police officers on the scene who testified that glass was on top of other items that had been tossed around the room. This detail is very important because if the glass is on top of items that were moved during the ransacking of the room that establishes that the window was broken after the room was searched.

Giacomo Silenzi

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Giacomo Silenzi
Meredith Kercher's boyfriend
Summary
English
Italian

Appearance was rescheduled to February 13

Luca Altieri & Paola Grande vs Michele Battistelli

In what might seem strange to people familiar with the common law system these three witnesses were called to testify simultaneously in an effort to address two major contradictions in their testimony. The face-off was requested by the prosecutors in an effort to resolve the issue.[114] The two witnesses were seated facing each other and questioned in turn. One of the issues was resolved with Luca admitting his error but the other concluded with both parties insisting that their version is accurate.

Phones were at the cottage

Luca had testified that he saw Meredith's phones on the kitchen table when he arrived. Battistelli had stated that the phones were not there and that they were never transported to the cottage. This was quickly resolved as Luca admitted that he was mistaken and what he had seen was Meredith's phone numbers written down on a yellow post-it note.

Battistelli entered Meredith's room

Unlike the phone contradiction this one was not easily resolved. Battistelli continued to insist that he did not enter Meredith's room. He stated that he had no reason to since the color of her foot made it clear Meredith was dead. Luca continued to maintain that he saw Battistelli enter the room and start to bend over supposedly to look under the duvet. Battistelli stated that he has no reason to lie about what he did or did not do. He stated again that he never crossed the threshold of the door. That he observed the scene for about thirty seconds and then also left. Luca also stated that he has no reason to lie and that he is certain Battistelli entered. Luca stated "I was confused about the mobile phones but I am not confused about this."

Paola Grande stated that she did not see Battistelli enter Meredith's room but only that she had heard him saying that the girl was dead and that there was a lot of blood. She had assumed he had gone in but did not see anything. Paola was also asked how much time elapsed between her leaving the hallway and Altieri exiting and she was unable to say.

February 13, 2009

Robyn Butterworth

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Butterworth, Robyn
Meredith Kercher's Friend
Summary
English
Italian

Butterworth was one of a group of girls referred to as Meredith's British friends. They were all living in Perugia at the time of the murder and returned to Italy to testify at the trial.

Butterworth had described how Meredith at first was happy to meet Amanda but that as they got to know each other the relationship deteriorated quickly.[115] Amanda Knox would not flush the toilet, she wouldn't do her share of the cleaning, and she constantly played the same chord over and over again on the guitar.[116] Knox would also bring strange men home with her which Meredith did not like.[117] All of this quickly soured their relationship. Going into one particular example Butterworth mentioned that Kercher was embarrassed and upset by Knox keeping an exposed vibrator and condoms in their shared bathroom.[118] On cross-examination Butterworth broke down and started crying when asked by Knox's lawyer if there had been plans to include Amanda in their Halloween festivities.[119] Butterworth said she could not remember but that maybe Meredith had suggested including Knox in the festivities before eventually deciding against it. [120]

Butterworth was also asked to give details of the last time she saw Meredith. It was the afternoon of the day she was murdered. Meredith and the other British girls gathered at Butterworth's apartment to cook a pizza, watch a movie, and look at the digital pictures from the night before.[121] Meredith arrived at four in the afternoon and went home around nine that night.[122] Midway though the movie they paused it to have some apple crumble.[123] Butterworth also described how Meredith had mentioned that she felt bad for having turned down Amanda Knox's invitation to do something.[124] It was the second night in a row that Knox had asked and Meredith had declined doing something with her.

Butterworth was also asked about the Halloween and if she had seen Rudy talking to Meredith as he claimed. Butterworth stated that she did not see Meredith talk to Rudy Guede but that they were not together all night so she could not be sure.[125]

Butterworth also testified that Knox's behavior at the police station was strange and that it was difficult to be around her.[126] According to Butterworth Knox showed no emotion. Everyone was crying except for Amanda Knox. Knox and Sollecito were kissing, cuddling, and joking. Knox was sitting on Raffaele's lap and making funny faces and sticking out her tongue at him.[127]

Butterworth also recounted how Meredith's friend Natalie had expressed hope that Meredith had not suffered to which Amanda Knox responded with a cold "what the fuck do you think. She bled to death" Knox went on to say "she died slowly and in a lot of pain"[128][129][130] This was disturbing to hear and Knox seemed proud to say it.[131][132]

Butterworth testified to other statements Amanda Knox made. Butterworth stated that Knox had claimed to be the one who had found the body. Amanda kept saying "I found her, how do you think I feel?"[133] Knox was talking loudly and to no one in particular. Knox appeared to just be talking out loud to the entire room and according to Butterworth enjoying the attention. Butterworth also reported that she heard Knox say on the phone "It could have been me" although Butterworth did not know who Knox was talking to.[134]

The most important statement Butterworth reported was that at the police station Amanda Knox told her that Meredith's body had been found in the wardrobe.[135][136][137][138] Meredith's body had actually been found in the middle of the room positioned as if a sexual assault had occurred. Forensic investigation would later establish that Meredith had been killed up against the wardrobe. Meredith's body had been moved after she had died.[139] Amanda Knox mentioning the wardrobe was of interest to the investigation since only someone who was present when the murder took place would have known this detail. Amanda Knox was questioned about how she knew this detail and she could not give a satisfactory explanation.[140]

Amanda Knox's Spontaneous Statement -- Feb 13 2009

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Knox, Amanda
Accused
Summary
English
Italian

Speaking to the court for the first time Amanda Knox choose to address the issue of the pink vibrator she kept in the bathroom she shared with Meredith Kercher.Knox stated that she did keep a pink rabbit vibrator in the bathroom but that it was a joke gift from a friend and Knox then stated it was a small one indicating with her hands a size of about six inches.[141][142][143] She concluded by stating that she was innocent.[144]

Amy Frost

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Frost, Amy
Meredith's Friend
Summary
English
Italian

Amy Frost described herself as Meredith's closest friend among the girls who as a collective are referred to Meredith's British friends. She was also studying in Perugia at the time of the murder and was one of the last people to see Meredith alive.

Frost painted a picture of an aggravated relationship between Meredith and Amanda. Defense lawyers asked if Frost had previously stated that Meredith thought Amanda was "sweet and nice" to which Frost responded that Meredith said those things in the first few days she knew Knox.That the relationship had started well enough but that Knox's behavior was difficult to deal with and it had changed Meredith's opinion.[145]

Frost was asked to describe Amanda Knox's behavior at the police station and she responded that Knox's behavior was that of someone who had gone crazy.[146][147] Knox and Sollecito were kissing and laughing. Knox was making faces, crossing her eyes, and sticking her tongue out at Sollecito.[148] They seemed to have no appreciation for the gravity of what had just happened.

Frost recounted how she had asked Amanda Knox if she was planning to return to America. The murder of their friend had left everyone too upset and scared to continue and the British friends were doubtful that they would continue with their year abroad. Frost reports that Knox was not upset and replied that this stuff happens everywhere so she was going to stay.[149] Frost also confirmed hearing the exchange between Amanda Knox and Natalie Hayward where Knox crushed Hayward's hope that Meredith had not suffered by saying she f***ing bled to death slowly and painfully.[150]

Frost also testified Raffaele Sollecito told her that Amanda Knox had not showered at the cottage the morning the body was discovered, which contradicts Knox's many statements she had. According to Frost Sollecito told her Knox had noticed the blood before she took a shower and so never proceeded to do so. Few people believe Knox's claim that she took a shower that morning.

Defense lawyers repeatedly asked Frost if there were any black men present at Domus the club Meredith and her British friends attended for Halloween. This line of questioning was to establish of Meredith might have met Rudy Guede at the club the night before she was murdered. Frost replied that there were black men at Domus that night.[151]

Sophie Purton

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Purton Sophie
Meredith's Friend
Summary
English
Italian

Sophie Purton is one of the four British girls collectively referred to as Meredith's British friends. She was studying in Perugia at the time of the murder and returned to Italy to testify at the trial of Amanda Knox and Raffaele Sollecito.

Sophie repeated what had already been established by the rest of Meredith's friends and family regarding the the relationship between Meredith and Amanda. Sophie again repeated that at first Meredith was excited to have another English speaker as a roommate but that Amanda's behaviour quickly started to bother Meredith.

Sophie describe Knox as cold at the police station. Purton described how she went to hug Knox but Knox did not reciprocate.[152] Sophie reported that at the police station Knox had approached her and asked "What do you want to know? I know everything."[153][154] Sophie confirmed the claim that Robin Butterworth had already testified to with respect to Knox saying that Meredith had been found in her wardrobe.[155] The body was not found in the wardrobe but had instead been found staged as if to lead detectives to the conclusion that the attack was a sexual assault. It was later discovered that the body had been moved into this position after death so Amanda Knox knowing about the significance of the wardrobe in the attack was suspicious. Knox was questioned about this and she was unable to offer an plausible explanation for why she knew this detail of the murder.[156]

Purton's testimony was also important in establishing Meredith's final movements. The British girls had all gathered at Butterworth's and Frost's apartment for a mellow girls night that ended around 9pm. Purton walked home with same way as Meredith so was the last person to see her alive. According to Purton it was around 8:45pm when they parted ways.[157] She can't be more precise but Purton testified that she is certain that she arrived at her home at Via del Lubo at 8:55pm because she checked the clock when she entered so it must have been about 8:45pm when she parted ways with Meredith.[158] Purton was asked if Meredith had said anything about meeting Rudy and she responded that Meredith had not mentioned Rudy and that Meredith had said she was tired and that she planned to go to bed.[159][160] Asked about what clothing Meredith was wearing Purton replied that Meredith had slightly ripped jeans, a pale blue jacket and a blue sweatshirt both of which were Adidas.[161]

Natalie Hayward

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Hayward, Natalie
Meredith's Friend
Summary
English
Italian

Natalie Hayward was the fourth girl to make up the group referred to as Meredith's British friends. She also was studying in Perugia at the time of the murder and was one of the last people to see Meredith alive.

Hayward testified that Knox was not crying and that she showed no sadness.[162] Hayward described Knox's mood as oscillating between a combination of angry/frustrated and happy.[163] Beyond that Natalie's testimony was very similar to the three gris who testified before her. The one noteworthy element is that Natalie was the one who expressed hope that Meredith had not suffered. Knox had needlessly crushed that. Testifying Natalie recounted how Knox had replied to her statement. According to Hayward Knox said; "What do you f***ing think? She f***ing bled to death".[164][165] This was followed by Knox saying "They slit her throat, Natalie, she would have died slowly and in a lot of pain."[166][167] The other British friends were present and they all had previously testified to this interaction between Knox and Hayward. The prosecution argued that Knox could not have known these details since police officers had revealed nothing of how Kercher was killed and that Knox would only have known these details if she had seen the body.[168]

Jade Bidwell

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Bidwell, Jade
Meredith's British Friend
Summary
English
Italian

Jade Bidwell testified that she knew Meredith Kercher as part of a group of British students in Perugia and that she would often go to the pubs with Meredith and the other girls.[169] Bidwell told the court that she had never met Amanda Knox and that the first time she saw Knox was at the police station the day Meredith's body was discovered.[170] Bidwell testified that she had gone to Merlin on Halloween night with Meredith and some other friends.[171] The group was all girls and they were separated during the night.[172] Bidwell testified that she went to Domus after but does not know if Meredith was there. Asked if there were any black guys at Merlin Bidwell responded that she could not remember.[173]

Bidwell recounted that she first learned of the murder from her mother around 5pm or 6pm.[174] Her sister in England had heard on the radio that a British girl had her throat cut in Perugia so the mother had called.[175] Bidwell explained that at this point she did not know it was Meredith that was dead. Bidwell testified that she called Sam and then went to Sam's apartment.[176] The police eventually called and then sent a patrol car to take her to the police station. Bidwell testified that when she arrived Amy, Robin, Helen, Allison, Sophie, Amanda and Raffaele, and Meredith's two other roommates were present.[177] Bidwell testified that everyone was upset and crying except Amanda Knox who was on the phone.[178]

Bidwell testified that she did not speak directly to Knox but that she overheard parts of Knox's conversations.[179] Bidwell told the court that she heard Knox say that Meredith had been found in the closet.[180] On cross examination Marco Brusco for Raffaele Sollecito asked if others were also speculating and saying stuff and Bidwell confirmed that people were talking but that was speculation while what Amanda Knox said turned was factual.[181]

Bidwell also testified that she heard Knox say that she had been the one to discover Meredith although later Bidwell heard Knox say that she was not present when the body was discovered.[182] Bidwell also confirmed heard Knox say it could have been me.[183] During Bidwell's testimony she could no longer remember but a passage from her January 28, 2008 statement was read in which Bidwell reported Knox as saying that the killer must have watched the cottage to ensure that Meredith was alone.[184]

Carlo Pacelli for Patrick Lumumba asked if anyone was discussing Meredith having sex before the murder to which Bidwell responded no.[185] Pacelli asked the same question with respect to Meredith screaming when she was killed and again Bidwell said no.[186] Both of these were elements contained in Knox's statement to police the morning of November 6th in which Knox falsely accused Lumumba of being the killer.[187]

Asked if Meredith had discussed Rudy Guede Bidwell responded no.[188] Carlo Dalla Vedova for Amanda Knox asked about Meredith's boyfriend.[189] Bidwell told the court that Meredith had mentioned an Italian boy that she had started seeing. Meredith was uncertain about the relationship because it was a quick romance.[190]

Samantha Rodenhurst

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Rodenhurst, Samantha
Meredith's Friend
Summary
English
Italian

Helen Powell

February 14, 2009

Laura Mezzetti

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Mezzetti, Laura
Amanda and Meredith's Roommate
Summary
English
Italian

Laura Mezzetti was one of the Italian roommates that lived with Amanda Knox and Meredith Kercher. She and the other Italian roommate Filomena Romanelli were slightly older than the two students.

Mezzetti testified that as far as she could tell the relationship between Knox and Kercher was normal.[191] Unlike Meredith's friends who testified that the relationship was antagonistic. Mezzetti also reported that Knox and Sollecito appeared to be "love birds" although she felt that Sollecito was much more enamored with Knox than Knox with Sollecito.[192] Sollecito followed her everywhere to the point where it seemed obsessive and possessive.[193][194] The housecleaning was mostly done by the two older Italian girls and they used aromatic floor detergents but never bleach.[195]

Mezzetti was not in Perugia when the murder happened because of the holiday. She returned the night the body was discovered. She noticed that Amanda Knox had a neck injury. Mezzetti testified that she could see the wound from a few yards distance and that it was vertical, under Knox's chin, and less than a centimeter thick.[196] The wound was not present the last time Mezzetti had seen Knox at breakfast on October 31.[197][198] When asked if it was a hickey as the defense maintained, Mezzetti denied that it could be. Mezzetti maintained that it was a scratch and that it was long. If it was a hickey it would have been more purple and more round.[199] Asked why she did not immediately bring this to the attention of the police Mezzetti said that she thought the police had noticed it because it was obvious.[200] The wound was eventually photographed November 6 which was five days after the murder.

Mezzetti also recounted the last time the girls had sat around talking on October 30. The topic was cheating and Knox had been put on the defensive because of her relationship with Sollecito. All three girls were critical of Knox but Meredith especially took a very hard line against cheating.[201] She said she had never cheated and never would. Knox rationalized her behavior and while the conversation got a little awkward it was just roommates disagreeing on something and nothing more. The conversation is important for another reason. Meredith at this gathering announced that she had gone to get the rent money and that she had it ready for when Filomena did the collection.[202] Meredith's rent money was stolen and this establishes that Knox knew two days before that Meredith had the money in her room.

Daniele Ceppitelli

Giacomo Silenzi

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Silenzi, Giacomo
Meredith's Boyfriend
Summary
English
Italian

Giacomo Silenzi was one of the four boys who lived in the basement apartment at the cottage. He had just recently initiated a romantic relationship with Meredith Kercher.[203] They had been seeing each other for three weeks when Meredith was killed.[204] Asked about the courtship Silenzi explained that one night he just kissed Meredith after a night out at the discos. He also added that his friend from Rome was in Perugia that night and that Amanda Knox spent the night with him.[205]

Silenzi also testified that about a night where he was out with Kercher, Knox, and Guede at a pub and that they returned to the downstairs apartment to hang out.[206] He said that Guede seemed to like Knox and that he asked Silenzi if Knox was seeing anyone.[207] Silenzi also said that Guede and Knox were both at the appartment at the end of October but that on this occassion Guede did little to persue Knox.[208]

Silenzi refuted claims that Meredith was uncomfortable caring for his five marijuana plants while he was away for the weekend. He claimed that Meredith seemed fine with it.[209] Describing the relationship between Knox and Kercher he stated that it seemed normal.[210][211]

Stefano Bonassi

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Bonassi, Stefano
Lived in the apartment under Knox and Kercher
Summary
English
Italian

Stefano Bonassi lived downstairs with Giacomo Silenzi and two other boys. He testified that he did not notice anything abnormal between Knox and Kercher relationship.[212] He repeated the story about Guede coming to their apartment with Knox and Kercher after a night out.[213] He added the additional detail that Guede had fallen asleep on the toilet and that he had not flushed the toilet.[214] Bonassi also recounted how twice someone had been seen in the garden of the house in October but nobody was able to identify who it was.[215]

The 112 Calls

Raffaele Sollecito made two calls to the 112 emergency number to report the break-in, blood in the bathroom, and that one of the roommates doors was locked. Sollecito was challenged by the emergency operator because his story did not make any sense and immediately the line went dead. Sollecito called back and attempted to repair the damage. The calls are considered suspicious and it was determined that they were made after the police had already arrived.[216]

The First Call

The Second Call

Amanda Knox's Spontaneous Declaration -- Feb 14 2009

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Amanda Knox
Accused
Summary
English
Italian

Amanda Knox chose to make a spontaneous statement much like she did the day before. This might seem strange to people familiar with the Common Law system but under the Italian system the accused is allowed to speak from their seat at the defence table whenever they choose. Amanda Knox chose to address the issue of her vibrator on the previous day and this time she choose to address the issue of her and Meredith relationship. Knox claimed that the statements that she never cleaned was exaggerated and that she was sorry her roommates felt she did not do her fair share. Knox insisted that they always had good personal relationships between the roommates and that there was no conflict.

"I am unhappy to hear, after all this time, extremely exaggerated things presented about the cleaning. I spoke to the girls about it, but it was never a reason for conflict, never. And I always had a good relationship with the people. So I am really saddened about it."[217]

February 27, 2009

Giacinto Profazio

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Profazio, Giacinto
Former Chief of Police
Summary
English
Italian

Profazio testified that the crime scene was subject to investigation from November 2 and November 7.[218] After that the cottage was sealed until about six weeks later when the forensic police required access and the cottage was unsealed.[219] It was during the second search that the bra clasp was recovered.[220] Profazio testified that both Amanda Knox and Raffaele Sollecito's phones were turned off at around 8:30pm.[221]

Profazio testified that arriving at the cottage he immediately noticed that the window that the supposed burglar had entered from was too high and that it would require a "superhuman" effort to enter.[222] Profazio testified that there were several points of entry that would have been much easier for a burglar to have used.[223] This made him doubt the burglary was authentic.[224]

Profazio testified that he had been told by multiple officers that Amanda Knox was doing cartwheels and the splits but he did not see this himself.[225] Profazio did recount how he saw Amanda Knox sitting on Raffaele Sollecito's lap kissing the night the body was discovered.[226] Profazio testified that he approached them and told them that such behaviour was inappropriate and told them to stop.[227]

Marco Chiacchiera

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Chiacchiera, Marco
Deputy Chief of Police
Summary
English
Italian

Chiacchiera testified as many of the police officers and friends of Meredith before him that he found Sollecito and Knox's behaviour at the police station the night the murder was discovered strange and disturbing. They were kissing, laughing, and hugging.[228] Their behaviour was very different than everyone else present Chiacchiera told the court.[229] He also testified that he found Knox and Sollecito uncooperative when he asked them questions that night.[230]

Chiacchiera also testified that the lone burglar theory was not something that seemed believable based on his experience as a police officer. The point of entry was a window that was too high and easier and better options existed for a burglar looking to enter the cottage.[231] Chiacchiera also testified that the rock was too big and heavy for someone to throw it from underneath the window.[232] Chiacchiera also testified that he examined the room and the glass was on top of the clothing indicating that the room had been ransacked before the window was broken.[233] Chiacchiera testified that it was obvious early in the investigation that the burglary was not authentic.[234]

Chiacchiera also testified with respect to phone records and the police investigation into the accused phone activity the night of the murder. When Raffaele Sollecito changed his story and said he was home alone while Amanda Knox went out until 1am he offered a phonecall from his father to Sollecito's landline as proof of this.[235] Chiacchiera testified that when the police investigated Sollecito's claim there was no record of the call.[236][237] Chiacchiera also testified with respect to the activity of Knox and Sollecito's mobile phones. The night of the murder both phones were turned off at 8:30pm. Chiacchiera told the court that a search of their past history showed no similar void but instead there was activity late into the night.[238]

Chiacchiera testified that searching Sollecito's apartment they discovered several pornographic magazines at Sollecito's house.[239][240] As a not of clarification these were not pornagraphic magaines of the Playboy or Penthouse variety but illustrated graphic novels depicting scenes in which women were raped, bound, cut, and mutilated. Chiacchiera also gave details of how the knife was collected. The knife looked like it could be compatible with the wound on the victim's neck so it was included in the list of items taken from Sollecito's apartment for further analysis. It was put in a envelope that was sealed and transported to the Serious Crimes Against Persons division of the Perugia police.

February 28, 2009

Monica Napoleoni

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Napoleoni, Monica
Head of the Homicide Division
Summary
English
Italian

Napoleoni testified that officers had seen Amanda Knox "doing cartwheels and the splits" while Sollecito was being questioned and that she found Knox's behaviour very strange given the circumstances. [241][242] Napoleoni went on to explain that it was bizarre that Sollecito and Knox were lying down, writing each other notes, laughing, kissing, and making faces at each other.[243] Napoleoni stated that Knox and Sollecito were talking in low voices.[244] The entire police force saw their behaviour was strange.

Napoleoni testified about a trip to the cottage where Amanda Knox was asked to verify that no knives were missing. Knox again was behaving in inappropriately dancing through the doorway after she put on her paper boots. That quickly changed when faced with the knives. Knox started to hit herself again like she did when asked to provide her fingerprints for exclusion. Napoleoni describes it as Amanda Knox collapsing.[245]

Napoleoni describing why they suspected the two stated that there were too many contradictions between their stories of how they spent the evening. As the evidence was collected more and more of it contradicted Knox and Sollecito's story of what they did the night of the murder. Napoleoni testified that arriving at the scene the idea of a lone burglar did not fit the evidence.[246] Both Knox and Sollecito turned off their phones the night of the murder. Napoleoni testified that a record search showed that they had never turned off their phones before.[247] Napoleoni stated that as the investigation continued the police concluded that Amanda Knox, Raffaele Sollecito, and Rudy Guede all attacked Meredith as some sort of sexual assault.[248]

Napoleoni recounted that on the night Knox confessed, Napoleoni had talked to her in the public area of the the police station. Raffaele Sollecito was being questioned and Knox complained that she was tired.[249] Napoleoni told Knox that she was not required at the police station and that she should go home but Knox insisted that she wanted to wait for Sollecito.[250] It was after this conversation that Napoleoni was walking past the room and saw Knox doing the splits. Napoleoni stated that it was about 11pm.[251] It was later that night after Sollecito changed his story and stopped supporting Knox's alibi that the police came and asked Knox if she would be willing to answer some questions.[252] That questioning would lead to Knox confessing to being at the cottage when the murder happened and falsely accusing Patrick of the murder.[253]

Knox would later claim that she was mistreated at the police station and Napoleoni addressed that issue in her testimony. According to Napoleoni Knox was treated very well.[254] Napoleoni explained that Knox was given water, chamomile tea and breakfast, she was also given something from the vending machine and later she was taken to the canteen at the police station to get something to eat.[255] Napoleoni did say that Knox was treated firmly since this was a murder investigation but she was never hit or insulted.[256]

Sollecito has also alleged that he was prevented from calling his father the night he gave a police statement claiming Knox was not with him the night of the murder and that he had lied to the police at Amanda Knox's request. Napoleoni denied that any such restriction was placed on Sollecito.

Napoleoni testified that the police had discovered a size 36-38 shoe print on the pillow under Meredith's body. Amanda Knox wears a size 37 shoe but the footprint was not a match to any particular shoe found in Knox's collection.[257][258][259]

Rita Ficarra

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Ficarra, Rita
Police Officer - Head of the Narcotics Division
Summary
English
Italian

Rita Ficarra was the police officer who interviewed Knox the night Amanda Knox confessed to being present during the murder and falsely accused Patrick of the crime. Ficarra testified that she informed Knox that Raffaele Sollecito was no longer supporting her alibi.[260][261] Ficarra told Knox "if you tell me a lie one time, that is comprehensible, but if you lie again—even if it is a small lie— it makes you less credible."[262][263] Ficarra described Amanda's attitude as bothered and that led to a sharp criticism and the reminder that this investigation was to discover who had killed a friend of hers.[264]

Ficarra explained how questions about a text message led to Amanda falsely accusing Patrick Lumumba. After Knox was informed that Sollecito was no longer supporting her alibi Ficarra asked Knox for her mobile phone. Ficarra found a message at from the night of the murder in Knox's sent box to but the original message she was responding to had been deleted. When Ficarra asked about this message. The message said "see you later" and to Ficarra that sounded like a date.[265] Ficarra testified that she asked Knox who did you send this message to? Did you go out and see him the night of the murder? Ficarra testified that at that point Amanda Knox burst into tears and said "it was him" .. "it was him who killed her."[266][267] Amanda Knox was referring to Patrick Lumumba her boss. Lumumba was arrested on the false accusation of Knox and he spent two weeks in prison until his alibi was confirmed.

Ficarra denied that Knox was ever mistreat. Knox was treated firmly but there were no threats or violence.[268] Ficcarra described how she took Knox down to the cafeteria to have breakfast.[269][270] Ficarra explained why Knox was questioned without a lawyer by stating that at that time Knox was still not being questioned as a suspect.[271] The questioning stopped once Knox placed herself at the cottage when the murder happened. The Supreme Court would disagree that Knox was not a suspect after Sollecito had told the police that she was not with him the night of the murder and that he had lied at her request.[272] Knox's statements were ruled inadmissible at her murder trial but they were allowed with respect to the matter of Knox falsely accusing an innocent man.[273]

Ficarra testified that Knox wrote a rambling letter explaining the situation.[274][275] Knox told Ficarra that the letter would explain everything.[276] The letter contained a mashed up combination of Knox's original alibi and the version of events she had told Ficarra earlier. Because this letter was initiated by Knox without any questioning from the police it was admissible.

Ficarra also confirmed the testimony of other police officers that prior to the interrogation beginning Knox was doing cartwheels and the splits by the elevator.[277]

Mauro Bigini

Amanda Knox Spontaneous Statement -- Feb 28 2009

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Knox, Amanda
Accused
Summary
English
Italian

Amanda Knox wanted to make a spontaneous statement about the way she was treated the night she confessed to being present when the murder took place. Knox starts her address to the court with "I was treated as a person only after I had given my statements.."[278][279] Knox claims that it was only after she gave her statements that she was allowed to go to the bathroom and was offered drinks and that the witnesses are lying.[280][281] The questioning of Knox started after 11:30pm and Knox gave her statement was typed and signed at 1:45am. This makes Knox's protests hard to understand.[282]

Raffaele Sollecito's Spontaneous Statement

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Sollecito, Raffaele
Accused
Summary
English
Italian

Raffaele Sollecito was upset about how he claims to have been treated by the police after he admitted that everything he said was a bunch of rubbish and that the truth is that he was home alone while Amanda Knox went out. Sollecito claims that Amanda Knox asked him to lie. During this questioning Sollecito crossed his legs revealing that his shoes had a circular tread much like the shoe prints found at the crime scene. The police took his shoes which while Sollecito shoes did have the same circular tread it was determined that they did not match the bloody shoe prints. Sollecito is upset about this and invoke his right to address the court to make this known.

I had been at the police station for a long time. Several times I demanded to be allowed to call my father but they would not let me. I also asked to suspend the questioning so that I could call a lawyer but this was also denied. Even when I was taken to prison, I was put in a cell and I could not talk to anyone before I appeared before Judge Matteini.[283][284]
They left me barefoot all night until the morning. They ransacked my house. They left me barefoot without explaining why, and not one told me about the footprints.[285][286]

Sollecito also took this opportunity to clarify items regarding his drug use and past drug use that he has shared with Amanda Knox.

On the question of my confiding with Amanda about drug use beyond hashish I confirm that this was said but that was an experiment when I was 17-18 years old. Several years have passed and I have not touched anything like that. I realize the mistake I made at the time. I have used cannabis occasionally during the holiday season. I leave this to your judgement.[287][288]

Lorena Zugarini

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Zugarini,Lorena
Police Officer
Summary
English
Italian

Police officer present the night Amanda Knox confessed to being present when the murder happened. She described that before Knox was asked if she'd could answer some questions she saw Knox doing a cartwheel and the splits. Zugarini testified that she told Knox to stop and that this was not the right place for such activities.[289]

Zugarini also testified that they were very careful to follow proper protocol and that she even joked with her colleague about how carefully the American was getting handled.[290] Zugarini recounted how she offered Knox a french pastry.[291]

Armando Finzi

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Finzi, Armando
Police Officer Organized Crime Division
Summary
English
Italian

Armando Finzi testified in regards to the search of Raffaele Sollecito's apartment. He recounted how upon entering the first thing he noticed was a "very strong smell of bleach."[292]

Finzi was the officer who recovered the knife that would later be discovered to have the victim's DNA on the blade. He explained that when he opened the drawer the knife was very shiny and that it was lying on top of the silverware tray.[293] The knife was compatible with the wound found on the victim's neck so Finzi decided to collect it for further analysis. Finzi testified that with his gloved hands he placed the knife in a new police envelope and taped it shut with Scotch tape.[294] Asked about other knives Finzi testified that he did not collect any additional knives from the kitchen but that he did collect a second knife from Sollecito's bedroom.[295]

Stefano Gubbiotti

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Gubbiotti, Stefano
Police Officer Homicide Division
Summary
English
Italian

Gubbiotti was asked to testify about the double DNA knife's progress through the system. Gubbiotti testified that wearing gloves he took the knife out of the envelope at the police headquarters and placed it in a cardboard box that he had in his office so that it could be sent to Rome for forensic analysis.[296] Gubbiotti was asked to describe the box and he said it was a box that came with his agenda calendar.[297] He added it was from Italian designer Renato Balestra and that the box was then placed inside another box before being transported to Rome.[298]

March 13, 2009

Mauro Barbadori

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Barbadori, Mauro
Police Officer
Summary
English
Italian

Mauro Barbadori is a police officer that participated in the investigation into the murder of Meredith Kercher. Barbadori stated that he participated in the Nov 6th search of the cottage but there was nothing noteworthy about his role that day.[299]

Barbadori testified that he collected CCTV footage from the parking structure across the street and just west of the cottage where the murder took place. The first item of business was to calibrate the timestamp from the camera to the accurate time. Barbadori explained that the camera's time was compared to the known time from the Internet and the camera was determined to be ten minutes fast.[300] Defence lawyer Bongiorno attempted to advance an argument that the CCTV camera must be ten minutes slow because of phone records.[301] Barbadori explained that it was not his job to examine the phone records but only to calibrate the camera's clock and that the method he used was to compare the camera's time to the known time.[302] The result of that comparison was that the camera was ten minutes fast.[303]

Continuing with the testimony related to the CCTV footage Barbadori discussed an image that appeared on the camera at 8:41pm. There had been much speculation that this was Meredith returning home. Barbadori does not offer much to support this claim. According to Barbadori you can't determine if the figure is male or female, you can't determine if the figure is wearing a skirt or pants, and you can't see the face.[304] All Barbadori feels comfortable saying is that the individual had dark hair.[305] The only reason to believe it is Meredith is that according to the testimony of Sophie Purton, she and Meredith were in that area around 8:45pm.

Barbadori goes to to discuss the other relevant image captured by the CCTV camera. On November 2nd at 12:26pm the camera recorded the Postal Police arriving.[306] They are seen again at 12:41pm heading toward the cottage after initially Being unable to find it.[307] The Postal Police were looking for the owner of a mobile phone that had been discovered dumped in a garden. The time of their arrival is significant because Sollecito told the Postal Police that they had already called the emergency number when they arrived. This video has the Postal Police arriving at least ten minutes before the calls to the emergency number were made. Sollecito would later admit to calling the emergency number after the Postal Police arrived only to then again recant on that admission.[308]

Barbadori was also tasked with reconstructing Meredith walk with Sophie Purton from the British girl's apartment to the cottage. He testified that it would take about ten minutes accounting for the girls stopping to say goodbye when they parted ways.[309] It was asked if Barbadori did a similar reconstruction to see how much time it would take to travel from the cottage to where the phones where abandoned but Barbadori answer that he had not.[310]

The final item that Barbadori testified to was his participation in the wiretap surveillance of Amanda Knox and Raffaele Sollecito in the police waiting room. Barbadori explained that he was responsible for setting up the equipment and that through an interpreter he learned that Knox and Sollecito were discussing a third person who they would not name.[311] They seemed concerned about this unnamed individual and who his friends were and what he might have told his friends. This intercepted conversation led the police to believe there was a third person involved in the murder.

Daniele Moscatelli

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Moscatelli, Daniele
Police Officer from Rome
Summary
English
Italian

Daniele Moscatelli is a police officer from Rome who testified that she arrived in Perugia late in the afternoon of Nov 2.[312] Moscatelli testified that he first task was to go to Port St George to get statements from the boys who lived in the basement apartment of the cottage.[313] She did that on November 3rd. On cross-examination she was asked how she confirmed that the boys were in Port St George the night of the murder and Moscatelli explained that several witnesses put them there.[314]

Moscatelli also testified about questioning Sollecito on the night of Nov 5th. She stated that the questioning started at 10:30-10:40pm and was concluded at 3:30-3:40am.[315] Moscatelli testified that Sollecito never requested a lawyer but that he did appear nervous.[316] On cross-examination Sollecito's lawyer implied that Moscatelli should have insisted on Sollecito having a lawyer once contradictions started to appear between his statements and those of Amanda Knox but Moscatelli testified that she was not aware of the contradictions and that in her mind Sollecito did not require a lawyer because he had yet to become a suspect.[317] Moscatelli testified that Sollecito was arrested at 8am November 6th.[318]

Moscatelli testified about Sollecito's shoes. Asked on cross-examination why she took the shoes she explained that there was no blood on them but rather that during questioning Sollecito crossed his legs revealing a concentric circle pattern on the bottom of his shoes.[319] The bloody shoe prints found at the crime scene also contained a concentric circle pattern so she seized his shoes. Moscatelli did not testify to the matter of whether the shoes matched the prints but they did not. Although they had the same concentric circles the rest of the shoe pattern was different. Moscatelli did testify with respect to Sollecito being left without shoes. Sollecito had previously complained that they took his shoes and left him without any but Moscatelli's testimony contradicted that claim saying Sollecito was left with out shoes for only a brief period.[320]

Moscatelli also testified that a knife was seized from Sollecito. Napoleoni had asked Sollecito if he was armed and he admitted to having a knife. Moscatelli testified that she asked Sollecito why he had a knife and that he responded that he loved weapons and especially knives.[321]

Asked about Amanda Knox Moscarelli testified that she did not interact with Knox but that she did see her at the police station after she had stopped questioning Raffaele Sollecito but prior to leaving to arrest Patrick Lumumba. Moscarelli testified that Amanda Knox looked exhausted.[322]

Moscarelli testified about the arrest of Patrick Lumumba. They found Lumumba sleeping at his home with his wife and daughter. There was nothing exceptional about the arrest. Moscarelli describes Patrick's reaction to being arrested as normal.[323] Eventually further investigation would reveal that Patrick Lumumba had nothing to do with the murder and Amanda Knox was changed and convicted of falsely accusing Lumumba of involvement.

Moscarelli also described the collection of the clothing that was in the washing machine at the cottage. This occurred on November 7th. Moscarelli described how in addition to herself there were three additional officers. Profazio and Giobbi broke the seals to the crime scene and they entered putting on gloves and shoe-covers.[324] Moscarelli then testified that she emptied the contents of the washing machine into a black bag that he had brought from the Postal Police office.[325] Moscarelli testified that once the clothing was transported to the police headquarters she requested that Filomena Romanelli assist her in identifying which items belonged to which girls.[326]

Raffaele Sollecito Spontaneous Statement

Fabio D'Astolto

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
D'Astolto, Fabio
English Speaking Police Officer
Summary
English
Italian

Fabio D'Astolto was an Australian-born police officer who moved to Italy at the age of 14. He testified that he had the day off but received a call requesting that he come in because the body of an English girl had been discovered and they were going to need interpreters.[327] D'Astolto described Amanda Knox and Raffaele Sollecito as speaking in hushed tones. He also said that they were hugging and laughing.[328] Sollecito asked multiple times if it would be much longer and when could they leave.[329]

D'Astolto also testified to an incident when he was asked to accompany Amanda Knox to the Scientific Police so her fingerprints could be taken. This was a necessary procedure so that the police could eliminate fingerprints of the people who had normal access to the cottage. Fabio described that as he they approached the Scientific Police Knox started to become anxious. He then describes that Amanda Knox started to repeatedly hit her head with both her fists.[330]

Aida Colantone

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Colantone, Aida
Interpreter
Summary
English
Italian

Aida Colantone testified that she was an interpreter for the police for 22 years and away for the holiday weekend when she heard about the murder of an English girl so she returned to Perugia.[331] Colantone testified that her first duty was to translate a press release. After that she did general translating and interpreting duties.[332]

Colantone was present on November 4th when Amanda Knox, Laura Mezzetti, and Filomena Romanelli were asked to come to the cottage. Colantone testified that Amanda Knox, after confirming that no knives were missing from the kitchen, had had an incident where she started to cry.[333] Colantone testified that there were two medical examiners present at the cottage and they came into the kitchen and cared for Knox.[334]

Colantone also testified about Amanda Knox and Raffaele Sollecito's behavior just before leaving for the cottage on November 4th. Colantone explained that the couple had been put in a special room that had been prepared for surveillance and she had been asked to go to another room to watch and listen them.[335] Every time Colantone started getting into the content of the intercepted conversations she was reminded that she was not permitted to do so.[336] Colantone did testify that Amanda Knox and Raffaele Sollecito were speaking in a low voice, that they mentioned Patrick and Shaky several times, and that Amanda Knox was worried.[337]

Colantone also testified about intercepted jail house conversations. She explained that it was part of her duties to go to the prison on days Amanda Knox was scheduled to have family visits and listen in to their conversations.[338] Colantone again was not permitted to give details of the content of those conversations but she was allowed to testify that on November 10th and November 13th Knox told her family that she regretted accusing Lumumba.[339] At that time Lumumba was still in custody and considered a suspect after Amanda Knox claimed she was present when Patrick Lumumba killed Meredith.[340] Lumumba would eventually be cleared by a foreign professor who came forward and told police that he had been in Perugia the night of the murder at Le Chic and that Patrick never left.

Colantone also testified about Amanda Knox's e-mail. Amanda Knox after two long days went home the early morning of November 4th and wrote an e-mail to a group of people. Colantone testified that one of those people was a former employer of Amanda Knox who contacted Seattle Police.[341] Colantone testified that Seattle Police then contacted the Perugia police. Colantone testified that the e-mail was translated by Anna Donnino and that Colantone typed it. Colantone was asked to identify the e-mail as authentic and she did.[342] Colantone testified that it was weird that Amanda Knox would go home after two long days and write an e-mail at 3:25am.[343]

Colantone was also questioned about her translating and why everything was not translated. Colantone testified that the quantity of material made it impossible to translate everything. Colantone explained that she would listen and only inform the police of material relevant to the investigation.[344] Colantone explained that for example Raffaele annd Amanda discussing ordering a pizza to the police station was of no investigative value so was not translated.[345] Colantone testified that Knox wrote more than 600 letters and that translating them all would have been excessive.[346]

Judge Massei asked Colantone about the scratch on Amanda Knox's neck and if it was present on November 4th. Colantone answered that it was.[347]

Anna Donnino

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Donnino, Anna
Interpreter
Summary
English
Italian

Anna Donnino testified that she was employed as a police interpreter and translator for 22 years.[348] Donnino went on to explain that she was involved in many aspects of the investigation including acting as an interpreter for Meredith's British friends and translating intercepted conversations but the majority of Donnino's testimony centered on the interrogation of Amanda Knox in the early morning of November 6, 2007.

Donnino testified that she was at home when at about 11:30pm on November 5th when she received a phone call asking her to come in.[349] Donnino testifies that she is not certain when she arrived but that she lives 40km outside of Perugia and so it took her roughly 45 minutes to arrive and that is certain she was at the police station by 12:30am.[350] Donnino testified that when she arrived Amanda Knox was sitting at a small table with Officer Rite Ficarra and an SCO that Donnino could only identify as Ivano.[351] They were talking in Italian and Amanda Knox was calm and relaxed.[352] Donnino testified that she proceeded to sit down on the same side of the table as Amanda Knox to her left so that they were facing the two police officers and proceed to act as an interpreter for Knox.[353]

Donnino was asked to recount how it was that Amanda Knox came to place herself at the crime scene and implicate an innocent man. Donnino explained that Amanda was asked about why she did not go to work on a night where she would normally have been scheduled to work? Donnino recounted that Knox responded by saying she received a text from her boss informing her to not come in.[354] Donnino continued that the officer then asked of Knox had responded to that message and that Knox answered that she had not.[355] Phone records indicated that Knox had sent a text message around that time so the officers asked for Knox's phone which she turned over. Donnino then testified that one of the officers found the text message that Amanda had sent.[356] Knox had deleted the received message but not the sent message.[357] The message was in Italian and the officers interpreted it as Amanda agreeing to meet someone.[358] Donnino testified that the officers then asked Knox abou the message and if she intended to meet someone the night of the murder. Donnino testified that Knox then started to cry and that is when she falsely accused Patrick.[359]

Amanda Knox later would claim that she was coerced into a confession. Knox and her family would make multiple claims including that she did not have an interpreter and that the interrogation was 14 hours both of which were false.(link to video of Knox's parents lying about interrogation) Donnino was asked about the other claims Amanda has made. Asked if the police officer hit Amanda Donnino testified certainly not.[360] Asked if Amanda was threatened with 30 years in jail again Donnino answered no.[361] Asked if Knox was told there was evidence placing her at the cottage again Donnino answered no.[362] Asked if Amanda was told having a lawyer would make things worse Donnino again responded that it never happened and that in fact Amanda was asked if she would like a lawyer and that Knox declined. Asked if Knox was mistreated in any way Donnino said no and recounted how she was offered a drink and that Ivano especially showed Knox an incredible amount of humanity.[363]

Raffaele Sollecito changing his story and telling police that Amanda Knox was not with him the night of the murder is what led to Knox confessing and Donnino was asked about this.[364] Donnino testified that one of the officers went outside the room and that when the officer returned Knox was informed that Sollecito had stopped supporting her alibi and was telling the police that Amanda had asked him to lie.[365] Donnino confirmed that this happened shortly before Amanda Knox falsely accused Lumumba and placed herself at the cottage when the murder happened.[366]

Donnino was then questioned about the claim that she asked Knox to imagine what might have happened. Donnino testified that she never asked Knox to imagine anything.[367] Donnino explained that she told Knox a personal story to help create a bond.[368] In that story Donnino explained how a traumatic incident in her life led to her having problems remembering at first and asked Knox to try to remember. Donnino's testimony was very clear that no request to imagine anything was ever made.

The defense did pick up on Donnino's statement that she attempted to make a bond with Amanda Knox and questioned her on the appropriateness of an interpreter making such a connection. Donnino responded that in her experience it has been effective to have to connect with the witness and that she saw her role not only as an interpreter but also a mediator.[369]

Oreste Volturno

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Volturno, Oreste
Police Officer
Summary
English
Italian

Volturno testified that he participated in the November 8th and November 16th search of Raffaele Sollecito's apartment.[370] Volturno testified that on November 8 when the police arrived the apartment smelled of bleach.[371] Volturno testified that two bottles of bleach were seized from the apartment on the November 16th search.[372] Volturno testified that when he spoke to Sollecito's maid Natalia she told him that no bleach was present at Sollecito's apartment and further that she had been specifically instructed to never use bleach.[373] Volturno also testified about his questioning of Kiriboga who cleaned Sollecito's apartment before Natalia. Volturno reported that originally Kiriboga also stated that there was no bleach at Sollecito's apartment but after she met with Sollecito's lawyer she changed her story to she had specifically request bleach be purchased.[374] Volturno attempted to discover when and where the bleach was purchased but was unable to. The price on the bleach was the price before Oct 11th but there were bottles with the old price still available November 2nd so that could not be used as a determining factor.[375]

Volunturo also investigated a €20 transaction on Meredith's bank card that happened after her death. Volunturo testified that the bank manager said because of the international transaction the time the transaction was recorded is not the time the transaction occurred.[376] No useful information could be obtained. The bank manager nevertheless is a witness in this trial so repeated the information he told Volunturo to the court.

Volturno also traveled to Bari to investigate a previous attack by Sollecito. Volturno informed the court that a confidential informant told the police that Sollecito had attacked a girl with scissors in high school.[377] Volturno testified that the Dean of the school informed him that Sollecito's records were not available because they were destroyed.[378] Sollecito's middle school records were available and they showed a record of discipline problems. Volturno testified that when he asked the Dean about Sollecito attacking a girl with scissors the Dean was uncooperative, resisted answering questions, and appeared to be hiding something. [379] Volturno testified that the only information he could confirm was that Raffaele Sollecito had been detained but not arrested for possession of two and a half grams of hashish.

Volturno testified that he was involved with the telephone surveillance of the Sollecito family.[380] Volturno testified that the content of those intercepted conversations included discussions of a plan to use political pressure to interfere in the trial.[381] Volturno testified that the Sollecito family was also recorded enlisting broadcaster Telenorba and the newspaper Panorama to leak images of Meredith's naked body.[382] The Sollecito family was charged related to these images being published and a conviction seemed certain until a change of venue moved the trial to Bari. Once in Bari the Bari prosecutor refused to proceed with the charges.

Amanda Knox Spontaneous Statement

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Knox, Amanda
Accused
Summary
English
Italian


Amanda Knox addressed the court again claiming that the police officer and interpreters were not telling the full story.[383] Amanda Knox tells the court that before she changed her story there was hours of earlier questioning when she maintained her story.[384] Amanda Knox also claims that they were aggressive in asking about the text message.[385] Amanda Knox told the court that they called her a stupid liar.[386] Amanda Knox then said the interpreter told her that trauma makes it hard to remember and she should try to remember something. Amanda Knox then claimed that she was slapped on the head.[387]

At the conclusion of Amanda Knox's statements the Prosecutor asked that the transcript be sent to his office to be used against Amanda Knox for lying about public officials which is a crime in Italy. Amanda Knox was charged and the case is in progress.[388]

March 14, 2009

Antonella Negri

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Negri, Antonella
Amanda Knox's Professor
Summary
English
Italian

Antonella Negri testified that Amanda Knox was punctual, diligent, and attentive. Amanda Knox sat at the front of the class and Negri felt that Knox seemed sweet and innocent.[389] Negri testified that Amanda Knox gave guitar lessons to a girl from Kazakhstan.

Negri testified that on November 5th she assigned an exercise of writing a letter. Amanda Knox chose to write to her mother for this class assignment. According to Negri, Knox wrote in her letter that she was confused and worried and that she wanted her mother to come and take her shopping.[390][391] Negri also testified that the letter stated that Knox "wanted to restart" and needed "to turn over a leaf" and "leave what has happened behind."[392]

Negri also testified that when she mentioned Meredith Kercher's murder on Monday Amanda Knox showed discomfort.[393] Negri told the court that Amanda Knox leaned forward onto her desk and lay her head into her arms.[394]

Marco Trotta

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Trotta, Marco
Computer Expert -- Postal Police
Summary
English
Italian

Marco Trotta a computer expert testified that there was no computer activity on the night of the murder.[395][396] This contradicts the alibi of Amanda Knox and Raffaele Sollecito who maintain that they were on the computer the night murder. Trotta testified that there was no computer activity between 9:10pm and 5:32am.[397][398] Trotta testified that an examination of the machine revealed that at 6:27pm there was human interaction with the movie Amelie was started.[399] At 7:10 there was a interaction with the playing of the movie.[400] Trotta testified that after that there was no human interaction with the computer again until 5:32am when someone attempted to open an audio file.[401] The film Amelie stopped playing at 9:10pm but that did not necessarily involve human interaction and could have been the file just ending. Trotta testified that the version of Amelie that Sollecito had downloaded was 1 hour and 56 minutes in length.

A second computer found at Sollecito's apartment also showed no activity but that was expected since Raffaele Sollecito had reported that the computer was broken before the crime was committed.[402]

Trotta's testimony involved a detailed video showing the technical tests that were carried on on Sollecito's computer.[403]

Claudio Trifici

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Trifici, Claudio
Summary
English
Italian

Gregori Mirko

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Mirko, Gregori
Postal Police officer who examined Raffaele Sollecito's computer
Summary
English
Italian

March 20, 2009

Luca Fioravanti

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Fioravanti, Luca
Expert from Vodafone
Summary
English
Italian

Sonia Cieri

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Cieri, Sonia
Electronics engineer in telecommunications working for Vodafone
Summary
English
Italian

Simone Tacconi

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Tacconi, Simone
Office of the Postal Police
Summary
English
Italian

Tacconi is an officer of the Postal Police stationed in Rome. He is the officer who examined Amanda Knox's cellphone and found the message she had sent to pub owner Patrick Lumumba on the night of the murder. Tacconi told the court that the message read "Certo. Ci vediamo piu` tardi. Buona serata!" which translated to English is "Sure. See you later. Have a good night!"[404]

Letterio Latella

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Latella, Letterio
Police Officer Testified About Phone Records
Summary
English
Italian

Officer Latella testified that both Amanda Knox and Raffaele Sollecito's cell phones were inactive for the entire night. Latella testified that the phone activity ceased simultaneously at 8:42pm.[405][406] Raffaele's cell phone was first active at 6:02am and Amanda Knox's cell phone at 12:07pm the next day.[407][408] Latella testified that Sollecito's father had sent Raffaele a text message at a little after midnight but it was not delivered until 6:02am so the inactivity was the result of the cell phones being turned off. The delivery if the text message at 6:02 corresponds with the cell phone being turned on and connecting to the network.

Latella testified that there were not similar periods of inactivity for either Raffaele Sollecito or Amanda Knox in the month that preceding the murder.[409][410] Latella testified that the history of Sollecito and Knox's phone use showed constant activity until late at night and then resumption of activity in late morning.[411]

Raffaele Sollecito's lawyer Bongiorno argued that communication companies' records are not conclusive because they do not register attempted calls.[412] As evidence of this she presented three attempted calls Meredith Kercher's physical phone showed which were never completed so not recorded by Kercher's provider.[413] Letterio testified that there were no issues with the mobile network in Perugia the night of the murder.[414]

Stefano Sisani

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Sisani, Stefano
Summary
English
Italian

Stefano Buratti

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Buratti, Stefano
Assistant Chief of the State Police Homicide Squad
Summary
English
Italian

Request That Iron Bars Be Installed At Cottage

On March 19th 2009 the police discovered that someone had broken into the cottage which was still being held by the police in relation to the murder.[415] Unknown people enter the cottage and stole Meredith Kercher's mattress and pillow.[416][417] In addition a suitcase belonging to Amanda Knox was also stolen.[418] The suitcase was said to contain some of Knox's clothing as well as some kitchen knives.[419] The seal on the door was not broken so the mattress and suitcase were removed through veranda window that was found broken during a routine inspection of the property.[420]

Previously on February 18th there had been a previous entry to the cottage. In that incident nothing was taken but candles were left in various rooms.[421] Four kitchen knives were left in various rooms.[422]

Given that there were two unlawful entries in a month the prosecution requested that bars be installed on the windows. This request was denied by the court.[423]

March 21, 2009

Jovana Popovic

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Popovic, Jovana
Friend of Raffaele Sollecito. Testified that she saw Amanda Knox at Sollecito's around 8:45pm
Summary
English
Italian

A Serbian medical student testified that Sollecito had agreed to drive her to the bus station the night of the murder.[424][425] Popovic testified that she first went to Sollecito's appartment at 5:45pm to ask him if he could take her to the bus station at midnight to retrieve a suitcase that was being sent by her mom.[426] Popovic testified that she learned that her mother had not sent the suitcase and so no longer needed to go to the bus station.[427][428] She again stopped by Sollecito's apartment at 8:40pm to tell him that she no longer required a ride.[429][430] Popovic testified that when she arrived at 5:45pm both Amanda Knox and Raffaele Sollecito were present. When she returned at 8:40pm Popovic only saw Amanda. Popovic testified that Amanda had told her that Raffaele was in the bathroom. Amanda invited her in but Popovic declined.[431]

Alessandra Formica

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Formica, Allessandra
Witness that saw a black man the night of the murder
Summary
English
Italian

Formica testified that she was walking with her boyfriend to retrieve their car when a black man coming from the direction of the cottage bumped into her boyfriend and did not excuse himself.[432] She could not identify the man other than to say it was a black man of strong build but not very tall.[433] He was in a hurry and ran up the stairs to Via Pinturicchio.[434] Formica testified that she also witnessed the owner of a vehicle calling for assistance 2-3 minutes after the incident with the black man.

Rosa Natalia Guaman Fernandez De Calle

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Fernandez De Calle, Rosa
Raffaele Sollecito's Maid
Summary
English
Italian

Fernandez was employed as Sollecito's cleaning lady for two months. She would go to Raffaele's apartment every Monday from 2-4pm. Her duties included vacuuming, mopping the floor, cleaning the bathroom and kitchen. Fernandez testified that the cleaning products were kept under the kitchen sink. Fernandez testified that there were usually 5-6 different products but only lysoform and that she never used bleach.[435][436] Fernandez was asked if bleach was among the cleaning products and she said that she could not say.[437] Fernandez testified that she did not not smell any bleach when she was there Monday.[438] On Tuesday when the police searched Sollecito's apartment several officers testified that there was a strong bleach smell.

Fernandez testified that the last time she was at the Sollecito's apartment was November 5th the Monday after the murder.[439] Both Raffaele Sollecito and Amanda Knox were at the apartment. Fernandez testified that when she looked under the sink there was a bucket with wet rags. Fernandez testified that she asked Sollecito about the bucket and rags and was told that they had a leak. Fernandez testified that the bucket had water in it and that the water was clear.

Marco Quintavalle

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Quintavalle, Marco
Shopkeeper who saw Amanda Knox morning of November 2nd
Summary
English
Italian

Marco Quintavalle owned a small shop near Raffaele Sollecito's home. Quintavalle testified that he knew Raffaele Sollecito who frequented his shop regularly and that he has seen Amanda Knox twice before November 2 when she had come to the store with Sollecito. Quintavalle testified that on the morning of November 2 he opened the shutters to the shop at 7:45am and that Amanda Knox was outside the shop waiting for it to open.[440][441] Quintavalle is certain that it was Amanda Knox. He said that her pale skin and blue eyes stuck out and that he could still remember her perfectly.[442] Also the shape of Knox's nose was distinctive and Quintavalle testified that he remembered that.[443] Judge Massei asked Quintavalle if he recognized the girl he saw in the courtroom and Quintavalle pointed at Amanda Knox and said "It's her, I'm sure of it."[444] Quintavalle described the girl as wearing bluish color scarf, a hat, a grey jacket, and jeans.[445][446]

Quintavalle said that upon entering the store Amanda Knox went directly to the section of the store where the cleaning supplies are displayed.[447][448] Asked if Knox had purchased anything Quintavalle responded that he did not know.[449][450] Quintavalle testified that leaving the shop Amanda Knox was heading towards Piazza Grimana which is the same direction as the cottage where the murder occurred.[451]

On cross-examination defense lawyer Carlo Dalla Vedova asked Quintavalle why it had taken him a year to come forward with this information. Quintavalle responded that he had "no enthusiasm about getting involved in this story."[452] It was only at the urging of a journalist friend that Quintavalle finally approached police with what he had seen in August 2008.[453]

Fabrizio Angelucci

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Angelucci, Fabrizio
Raffael Sollecito's dry cleaner
Summary
English
Italian

Fabrizio Angelucci testified that he owned a laundry and dry cleaning business 30 meters from where Raffaele Sollecito lived.[454] Angelucci testified that on Monday November 5th Sollecito brought in a Paul Gaultier shirt and requested rush service.[455] Angelucci testified that Sollecito had never requested rush service before and that the shirt that Sollecito brought in had in his opinion already been washed in water.[456]

March 27, 2009

Nara Capezzali

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Capezzali, Nara
Amanda Knox and Meredith Kercher's neighbour who heard scream
Summary
English
Italian

Nara Capezzali lived on Via del Melo that is across the parking garage from the house.[457][458] Capezzali testified that the night of the murder she heard a prolonged scream from the direction of the cottage followed by at least two people running. Capezzali testified that she went to bed sometime between 9:00pm and 9:30pm and that she woke up about two hours later to go to the bathroom.[459] It was during this time that she heard the screen and footsteps. Capezzali testified that she could not be more specific with the time since she did not look at a clock.[460] Capezzali was also not able to say the date she heard the scream but she answered that it was the night before they discovered the body. The defense question Capezzali about her certainty that the scream was November 1st and introduced the fact that Nara had previously made a statement that the scream was the night before.[461] Capezzali admitted that she did not know what night the scream occurred but that she was certain it was the night before the body was discovered.[462]

Capezzali testified that it was not a normal scream but that it was a women and that the scream made her skin crawl.[463] Capezzali testified that except in movies she had never heard a scream like that.[464] Describing the footsteps Capezzali testified that someone was running on the gravel and leaves while someone else was running in the opposite direction up the metal stairs that lead to Via della Pergola.[465][466]

The defense also questioned why it took Nara Capezzali 25 days to approach the police and tell them what she had heard.[467] Capezzali explained that she is elderly and did not know what to do.[468] It was only when she was discussing the incident with some friends at the newsstand that a journalist overheard and suggested that she should go to the police.[469] Capezzali also explained that she debated whether she should get involved because of the impact coming forward would have on her life. She mentioned Paul Ciolino a private investigator who advocates for Amanda Knox and consults from CBS came looking for Capezzali and that he wasn't a nice man.[470]

The court was also played a interview that Nara Capezzali gave to Italian national news show Porta a Porta.[471]

Maria Dramis

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Dramis, Maria
Amanda Knox and Meredith Kercher's neighbour that heard a scream followed by running
Summary
English
Italian

Maria Dramis testified that she lived in the area and that she was woken up around 11pm by a scream followed by footsteps running under her window. Dramis testified that it was not normal to hear screams at night.[472] On cross-examination lawyers for the defence asked why it took Dramis a year to come forward with the information. Dramis answered that she did not think that what she heard was important enough to bother reporting.[473] It was only when a local reporter working on a unrelated story brought up the murder in conversation the Dramis was urged to go to the police.

Antonella Monacchia

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Monacchia, Antonella
A witness that heard an argument followed by a scream
Summary
English
Italian

Antonella Monacchia is a school teacher that lives in the area. She testified that she woke up at some time after 10pm and heard a yelling argument between a man and a women in Italian.[474][475] Monacchia could not make out what was being said nor did she recall if the Italian was in any specific accent or dialect.[476] Monacchia testified that the argument ended with a women screaming. Monacchia testified that she went to the window and opened it but did not hear or see anything.[477] Monacchia testified that she went downstairs to her parent's apartment but they did not hear anything so she decided to go back to sleep.[478] Monacchia's appartment is overlooking the parking lot and she was a clear line of sight to the cottage.[479]

Monacchia did not contact police until a year had past.[480] A reporter for the local paper il Giornale dell'Umbria was interviewing people for a unrelated story and the subject of Meredith's murder came up in conversation.[481] The reporter urged Monacchia to go to the police. Monacchia felt pressured to go to the police and had prefered to stay out of it.[482]

Giampaolo Lombardo

Fracesco Tavernese

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Tavernese, Fracesco
Director of student dormitory Raffaele Sollectio lived in from 2003 to 2005
Summary
English
Italian

Fracesco Tavernese was the director of a student dormitory where Raffaele Sollecito lived from 2003 to 2005.[483] Tavernese testified that Sollecito was "taciturm, introverted, and shy" and that he would often blush.[484] Tavernese testified that he had discovered Raffaele Sollecito watching pornography that involved animals.[485] Tavernese also testified that he was aware that Sollecito collected Jampanese Manga comic that depicted sexual and violent images.[486]

Fazio Leonardo

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Leonardo, Fazio
Lived with Raffaele Sollecito in student dormitory
Summary
English
Italian

Leonardo Fazio testified that Raffaele Sollecito was a "normal guy" and would he seemed to be reluctant to testify and occasionally looked at Sollecito.[487] This was clearly not the testimony the prosecution expected and Leonardo was asked about the deposition he had previously given. Leonardo responded that he could not remember and twice was reminded of the penalties of perjury.[488] Leonardo confirmed that the signature on the deposition was his but continued answering questions by saying he could not remember.[489] The only thing the porsecution was able to get out of him was that Raffaele Sollecito was a normal guy and that he remembered being surprised at how nonchalant both Raffaele Sollecito and Amanda Knox had been after Kercher's murder.[490]

Antonio Galizia

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Galizia, Antonio
Police Chief from Raffaele Sollecito's hometown
Summary
English
Italian

Antonio Galizia was the police chief from Raffaele Sollecito's hometown in southern Italy.[491] Galizia testified that in 2003 Sollecito and some friends were caught in possession of one ounce of hashish. That was the only time Sollecito had been in trouble with the law.[492]

Galizia also testified about the death of Sollecito's mother. Amanda Knox has stated that Raffaele Sollecito had told her that his mother committed suicide. That cause of death had been reported in the media. Galizia testified that Sollecito's mother had died of natural causes and had not committed suicide.[493]

March 28, 2009

Antonio Curatolo

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Curatolo, Antonio
Homeless man who saw Amanda Knox and Raffaele Sollecito near cottage on the night the murder occurred
Summary
English
Italian

Antonio Curatolo (age 53) was a homeless man who testified that he saw Amanda Knox and Raffaele Sollecito in Piazza Grimana several times on the night of the murder contradicting the alibis of the accused. Curatolo testified that he had lived on the streets for nine years and that he often spent the night in Piazza Grimana which is a few meters from the cottage where the murder occurred.[494]

Curatolo testified that he saw Amanda Knox and Raffaele Sollecito four or five times that night at various times when he looked up.[495][496] [497] Curatolo testified that they were talking animatedly and that Raffaele Sollecito went over to the edge of the railing that looked over toward the cottage.[498][499] Curatolo testified that he was reading a news magazine and smoking and that he would occasionally look up and see Knox and Sollecito at the end of the basketball court that overlooked the cottage. Curatolo testified that the the first time he noticed the two in the square was about 9:30pm - 10:00pm and the last time about 11.00pm -11.30pm.[500]

Fabio Gioffredi

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Gioffredi, Fabio
Witness who claims he saw Amanda Knox, Raffaele Sollecito, Rudy Guede, and Meredith Kercher together
Summary
English
Italian

Fabio Gioffredi a university researcher told the court that he was 99% sure he had seen Amanda Knox, Raffaele Sollecito, Meredith Kercher, and Rudy Guede all together not far from the house Amanda shared with Meredith two days before the murder.[501][502] Gioffredi testified that he know Guede as he had seen him often handing out fliers around the university. Gioffredi testified that they were all wearing dark clothing except for Amanda Knox who was wearing a long red coat in a 60s style with large buttons.[503]

Raffaele Sollecito Spontaneous Statement March 28 2009

As soon as Gioffredi was done testifying Raffaele Sollecito stood up and made a spontaneous declaration.

This witness could not have seen me with Rudy Guede because as I have already said, I do not know Rudy Guede and I have never met him before in my life. This is the third or fourth time that I repeat. I've never met in my life, much less know him
Also the day he claims to have seen us altogether is impossible as I was somewhere else and that will be proved as the trial continues.
I've never seen Amanda with a long red coat[504][505]

Antonio Aiello

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Aiello, Antonio
Hekuran Kokomani's lawyer
Summary
English
Italian

Antonio Aiello is a lawyer who testified that he had met Hekuran Kokomani though mutual friends while Kokomani was working on a farm.[506] Aiello testified that he had known Kokomani for 15-20 years and that in that time he had never known Kokomani to lie or be dishonest.[507] Aiello testified that Kokomani contacted him in mid-November regarded a legal matter but that at the time he did not disclose the issue.[508] Aiello testified that since they were both headed home to Albania for the holidays they agreed to meet in the new year when they returned to Perugia.[509]Aiello testified that they met in mid-January and with some prompting from the prosecution it was determined that the meeting likely happened January 18, 2008.[510]

Aiello testified that during the January 18th meeting Kokomani asked him if he had heard of the murder that happened in Perugia? Aiello told the court that he had not followed local news while in Albania so was not familiar.[511] Aiello then proceed to testify how Kokomani told him that he had seen the people the night of the murder. Aiello testified that Kokomani started to tell him that he was driving by the cottage and he had seen a boy, a girl and a black boy outside and that the girl had a large knife that she held over he head.[512] Aiello testified that he immediately advised Kokomani that he had to give this statement to the police.[513] Aiello testified that Kokomani agreed to go to the police as long as he did not have to go alone and his name was kept out of it.[514]

The prosecution was also interested in a specific detail regarding if when Kokomani told Aiello his account of what he saw the night of the murder if both Amanda Knox and Raffaele Sollecito had knives.[515] Aiello testified that he only remembered Kokomani saying that Amanda Knox had a knife but that he quickly insisted that the statement be given to the police so had not listened to Kokomani's full account.[516]

Aiello also testified that there was an effort to bribe and intimidate Kokomani. Aiello told the court that he was at a dinner with some Albanians before the identity of the witness was known and he was informed that someone was offering €100,000 to convince the witness to not testify or for the name of the witness.[517] Aiello also testified that days after Kokomani's identity was revealed that Kokomani contacted him to say that he had been threatened and further that his wife and children who reside in Albania were also threatened. The message conveyed by the threats was that Kokomani should mind his own business and not testify.[518]

On cross-examination Aiello was asked about Kokomani and the media. Luca Maori was interested in who leaked Hekuran Kokomani's statement to a newspaper but this line of reasoning was not allowed to proceed.[519] Giulia Bongiorno asked about a €10,000 offer from Porta a Porta for an interview. Aiello testified that he advised Kokomani to not grant any interviews until at least after the preliminary hearing.[520] Aiello testified that despite his advise Kokomani did an interview with Channel 5 on the condition that they conceal his face.[521]

On cross-examination Aiello was also asked if he was aware of any legal issues Kokomani had and Aiello responded that he was aware of one procedure against Kokomani for private violence.[522]

Knox defense lawyer Carlo Dalla Vedova asked Aiello if he knew what kind of car Kokomani owned at the time. Aiello responded that it was a dark VW Golf.[523] Dalla Vedova asked if Aiello knew if the car was a newer or older model and Aiello said that he did not but given what he knew of Kokomani's financial situation the car had to be older as he could not afford a new car.[524]

Hekuran Kokomani

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Kokomani, Herkuran
Witness claims to have seen Amanda Knox, Raffaele Sollecito, and Rudy Guede night of murder
Summary
English
Italian

Herkuran Kokomani was a Albanian who had been in Italy for 15-16 years.[525] Kokomani testified that he saw Amanda Knox, Raffaele Sollecito, and Rudy Guede outside the cottage the night of the murder. Kokomani testified while flanked by police officers as he was currently serving a sentence for drug possession.[526] The story he told the court was bizarre and at times his statements contradict his own testimony. Kokomani had already testified at a preliminary hearing and the judge at that time wrote that Kokomani should not be considered a reliable witness.[527] Judge Massei had to interrupt Kokomani several times because he was incoherent. Kokomani refused to use an interpreter despite the court making one available for him and the proceeding had to be stopped multiple times while the interpreter explained the meaning of words to Kokomani. In addition to the lack of language skills Kokomani is not someone who has a good grasp of time or much of a concern for details. Kokomani is capable of reporting the order of events but not when anything happened or even how much time elapsed between different events.

Kokomani testified that he was driving past the cottage the night of the murder and that he noticed a large garbage bag in the middle of the road.[528] Kokomani testified that he was surprised and tried to brake and slid on the wet road.[529] He lightly bumped the garbage bag which is when he realized it was not a garbage bag at all but two people.[530] Kokomani would identify those two people as Amanda Knox and Raffaele Sollecito although he add that Sollecito has longer hair than he did in court.[531] Kokomani testified that he punched Sollecito because he did not like his attitude and that Sollecito's glasses fell off.[532] Kokomani testified that Amanda Knox pulled a large 16-inch knife out of a green handbag and was holding it over her head. According to Kokomani's testimony Knox was holding the knife above her head with both hands but not threatening him with it.[533] Kokomani testified that Sollecito tried to reassure him that Knox was just a girl and that there was no reason to be concerned. Kokomani testified that Sollecito became aggressive so to defend himself Kokomani threw some olives that were in container in his car ad well as a Nokia cell phone at Knox and attempted to drive away.[534]

Kokomani testified that at this point he saw Rudy Guede standing behind the gate so that you could only see the top half of his body.[535] Kokomani testified that he asked Guede why the two young people had knives. Kokomani claims that Rudy told him it was because they were having a party and the knife was to cut the cake.[536] Kokomani then told the court that Guede offered him €250 to borrow his car for the next day.[537] Kokomani asked what for and Guede said they needed to move some furniture. Kokomani declined to rent Guede the car but was willing to help move the furniture for the same fee.[538] Guede wanted this to happen the following night Kokomani testified but he wanted to do the move during the day.[539] Kokomani testified that their discussion was interrupted at this point because he saw Raffaele Sollecito coming up from behind in the side-view mirror so Kokomani quickly drove away.[540]

Kokomani told the court that he had taken a video of Amanda Knox with the knife on his Ericsson phone but that he had later erased it.[541] Kokomani was showing the video to people at the bar and they told him it was no big deal because it was just students. Kokomani testified that the video was dark and you couldn't see very much.[542]

On cross examination Kokomani is unable give an exact date when this happened.[543] Kokomani was certain that it was raining and that it was the night of the feast of the dead but that is all he could say.[544] When asked what day is the feast of the dead Kokomani responded that he did not know but that he had been told by people at the cafe that it was the feast of the dead the same night that he had the altercation.[545] Kokomani also has trouble telling the court what time this altercation happened. Originally Kokomani had said 6:30pm in a previous statement and he was asked about that.[546] Kokomani explained that his the clock in his car saud 6:30pm but that the clock was probably wrong.[547] Kokomani offers two other possible times but they are also based on unreliable points of references and not a clock. Judge Massei intervenes and asks Kokomani what show he watched on TV when he got home hoping to narrow the range to something more precise than Kokomani's it was dark statement but he gets nowhere.[548]

On cross-examination Kokomani was also asked about previous statements where he had said that he had seen Amanda Knox and Raffaele Sollecito at a cafe and that he had met her American uncle.[549] Originally Kokomani had testified that this was in the summer but now he testified that he was wrong. Kokomani testified that he saw Knox and Sollecito after he returned from Albania so it had to be late August or early September.[550] Kokomani explained that when he checked his passport he realized he was in Albania in the summer and this happened after. Efforts to arrive at a more specific date fail. The lawyers and Judge Massei ask Kokomani how much time elapsed between his return to Italy and this encounter at the cafe and Kokomani does not understand the question and instead just refers to the stamp in his passport as the date.[551] There is also uncertainty over the identity of the man who Kokomani previously claimed was Knox's uncle. The man was sitting with Kokomani when the couple walked in and mystery man announced that the girl was his niece.[552] Both the man and Kokomani waved at the couple but Kokomani testified that he does not remember if they waived back. The couple did not come to the table or acknowledge the uncle in any way.[553] Asked why he thought the man was American Kokomani answered that he was dressed like an American with short sleeves. Asked if the man spoke English Kokomani answered no he spoke Italian.[554] Asked if the man ever identified himself as American Kokomani responded that he did not. Asked about the identify of the couple Kokomani insisted that he was 90% certain it was Sollecito and Knox.[555] Asked to describe the couple Kokomani gave a detailed description of the boy but was only able to say the girl had gray eyes which he corrected with the help of the interpreter to blue eyes.[556]

Kokomani also testified about the threats he received. Kokomani told the court that before his identity was known people were saying that an Albanian had seen everything. People were going around the Albanian community offering €100,000 for the name of this witness.[557] [558] This was confirmed by Kokomani's lawyer who was at a dinner with a bunch of Albanians when he was told the same thing.[559] Kokomani testified that once his name was known he received threats both from an Italian and an Albanian.[560] His wife back home in Albania also received threats. Kokomani told the court that the threats told him to not meddle and that he should not testify.[561]

April 3, 2009

Dr Luca Lalli

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Lalli, Luca
Pathologist who did Meredith Kercher autopsy
Summary
English
Italian

Carlo Maria Scotto di Rinaldi

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
di Rinaldi, Carlo
Owner of a lingerie store
Summary
English
Italian

Patrick Lumumba

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Lumumba, Patrick
Bar owner falsely accused of murder by Amanda Knox
Summary
English
Italian

April 4, 2009

Rudy Guede

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Guede, Rudy
A third person accused of the murder along with Amanda Knox and Raffaele Sollecito
Summary
English
Italian

Rudy Guede's testimony lasted only a few minutes. He took the stand only long enough to say that he was going to avail himself of his right to remain silent.[562][563] Guede has always maintained that he was present the night of the murder but that he did not participate in the attack. Guede has previously said that the murderer was a young Italian man with a description that matches Raffaele Sollecito.[564] Guede also previously stated that he recognized Amanda Knox's voice but did not see her.[565] Guede claims that he was in the bathroom and that when he returned he found Meredith in a pool of blood.[566] Guede claims that he tried to assist her but that he then fled because he felt he would be blamed. The prosecution requested that all the previous statements made by Guede be admitted into evidence.[567] The defense objected to Guede's statements being admitted.[568] Massei turned down the prosecution motion to have the statements admitted.[569]

Later that day Rudy Guede released a letter though his lawyer Walter Biscotti announcing that the reason he did not cooperate is that the prosecutor had on previous occasions called him a liar and he did not wish to cooperate for that reason.[570]

Rico Rolli

Mauro Marchionni

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Marchionni, Marco
Gynecologist that consulted for the prosecution
Summary
English
Italian

Like the previous two medical witnesses Marchionni's testimony was given in camera. What we know of the testimony is that Marchionni is a gynaecologist who was asked by the prosecution to consult on the question of whether Meredith was sexually assaulted or not. Marchionni told the court that he has never seen bruises as were found on Meredith Kercher as a result of a normal sexual relationship.[571] In Marchionni's opinion the injuries suggested nonconsensual sex.[572]

Vincenza Liviero

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Liviero, Vincenza
Forensic medical specialist from Rome who examined Meredith Kercher's body
Summary
English
Italian

Vincenza Liviero is a forensic medical specialist brought in from Rome to confirm Dr Lalli's work who also gave her testimony in camera. Liviero was swarmed by journalists leaving the courthouse and gave a short statement. She told reporters that according to the examinations carried out, Meredith Kercher was sexually assaulted and there was more than one attacker.[573][574][575]

Liviero's statement to reporters match secondhand reports of what was said in court. The Kercher family's lawyer Francesco Maresca reported that Liviero had testified that the number of hands involved excluded a single attacker.[576][577]

April 18, 2009

Mauro Bacci

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Bacci, Mauro
Summary
English
Italian

April 23, 2009

Alberto Intini

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Intini, Alberto
Summary
English
Italian

Claudio Cantagalli

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Cantagalli, Claudio
Technical video engineer
Summary
English
Italian

Gioia Brocci

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Brocci, Gioia
A lawyer whose office was burglarized, implication is by Guede
Summary
English
Italian

Agatino Giunta

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Giunta, Agatino
Prints expert in the Rome Scientific Police, Head of Latent Papillary Prints Division.
Summary
English
Italian

Antonino Francaviglia

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Francaviglia, Antonino
Technical expert in the Rome Scientific Police, Latent Papillary Prints Division.
Summary
English
Italian

May 8, 2009

Maurizio Arnone

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Arnone, Maurizio
Summary
English
Italian

Cesare Iacuitto

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Iacuitto, Cesare
Summary
English
Italian


Claudio Ippolito

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Ippolito, Claudio
Summary
English
Italian


Marco Perla

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Perla, Marco
Summary
English
Italian


Giuseppe Privitera

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Privitera, Giuseppe
Summary
English
Italian

May 9, 2009

Pietro Boemia

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Boemia, Pietro
Footprint Expert
Summary
English
Italian

Boemia testified that he is a dactyloscopist for the scientific police for 30 years. At the beginning it was announced that since Rinaldi's testimony was so extensive that they were going to limit Boemia to his area of specialty. The first item Boemia discussed was the shoe print depicted in photo 105.[578] The print was a left shoe 77mm long and 45mm wide, Boemia testified that it was a women's shoe size 36 to 38.[579] Boemia testified that the shoe was not compatible with any of the shoes recovered from the cottage so he went to stores and shoemakers to look for a match. Boemia testified that he determined the shoe was a female Asics American size 6.5 which is the equivalent of a 37.5.[580] Boemia testified that the show cannot be a man's shoe because the heel is 40mm wide and men'd shoes are 60-80mm wide.[581]

When Bongiorno started cross-examining Boemia the first item discussed was positive vs negative comparison and why some prints can be used for negative but not positive identification. Boemia explained that if you only have limited characteristics then you can't be certain of the identify but if the characteristic is incompatible then that characteristic can be used for exclusion. The discussion also included an explanation of what probable identification is based on the individual matching a number of characteristics.[582]

Bongiorno asked about the bathmat print being incomplete and if the missing heel made identification impossible Boemia explain that length was just one characteristic among many that are used and with length missing you could still use a bunch of other options.[583] A chart of the characteristics Boemia used can be seen at Sollecito's Bathmat Footprint.

Bongiorno then started asking about toe and it was difficult to understand but after repeating the same question a few times Boemia finally understood what Bongiorno was asking and dismissed it.[584] Bongiorno then moved in to discussing if Boemia measured the distance between the toes but Boemia explained that the toes were missing from the print, Boemia did measure the bumps from the toes and they are a match for Sollecito but incompatible with Guede.[585] This led to a discussion of the matching characteristic and Boemia stated it is Raffaele Sollecito's footprint the metatarsal profile is a perfect match.

Bongiorno asked if the fact that the foorprint was made by depositing a substance would that distort the print characteristics.[586] Boemia said no. The quantity of blood was not sufficient to cause distortion.[587] Bongiorno asked how he could know that and Boemia said he looked at the picture. Boemia testified that it was a very small quantity of blood and that you could tell because the bathmat fringe had three filaments and the stain was so light that it didn't even mark all three.[588]

Boemia discussing the Luminol print ruled out the possibility that it could be Rudy Guede or Amanda Knox but it was a match for Raffaele Sollecito.[589] Bongiorno asked is it definitely Raffaele Sollecito or could it be someone else with the same characteristics.[590] Boemia answer well if someone had the exact same feet characteristics then they would make the same print.[591]

The cross-examination was then taken over by Carlo Dalla Vedova and he asked Boemea if he could rule out that it was a man's shoe and Boemia said that he could.[592] It is definitely not a man's shoe.[593] Carlo Dalla Vedova gets confused first with Boemea's answer and then with a series of questions. Carlo Dalla Vedova based his line of questions on an incorrect understanding of the measurements and so none of his questions made sense.

The next topic of discussion was the orientation of one of the bloody shoe prints belonging to Rudy Guede.[594] Boemia agreed that one of these prints was orientated in a way that it could have been made exiting Filomena's room but that it could equally have been made because of Guede pivoting.[595]

Boemia was asked again about the bathmat and Luminol print and again testified that he can absolutely rule out Rudy Guede and Amanda Knox but that the prints are compatible with Raffaele Sollecito.[596]

Boemia gets asked a bunch of questions about a spot but Bormia explains it is just dirt.[597]

Judge Massei a series of question about the number of people present. Boemia testifies that there are three different sets of feet making prints so three people present.[598] Boemia testified that there is no doubt about this. He says with absolute certainty that three people were present.[599]


Paggi Mauro & Sumona Esposito

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Paggi, Mauro
Summary
English
Italian

Dr. Lorenzo Rinaldi

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Rinaldi, Dr. Lorenzo
Summary
English
Italian


Raffaele Sollecito's Spontaneous Statement

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Raffaele Sollecito
Spontaneous declaration
Summary
English
Italian

May 22, 2009

Patrizia Stefanoni

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Stefanoni, Patrizia
Head of Crime Lab
Summary
English
Italian

May 23, 2009

Patrizia Stefanoni

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Stefanoni, Patrizia
Head of Crime Lab
Summary
English
Italian

Francesco Camana

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Camana, Francesco
Blood splatter analyst
Summary
English
Italian

May 29, 2009

Piero Sbardella

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Sbardella, Piero
Summary
English
Italian

Roberto Politi

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Politi, Roberto
Officer from Rome. Particpated in the December 18 evidence collection at the cottage.
Summary
English
Italian

Giuseppe Codispoti

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Codispoti, Giuseppe
Office of the Scientific Police that participated in the December 18 2007 search of the cottage
Summary
English
Italian

Edgardo Giobbi

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Giobbi, Edgardo
Investigating officer from Rome bought in to assist Perugia police
Summary
English
Italian

June 5, 2009

Luca Lalli

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Lalli, Luca
Additional testimony by pathologist
Summary
English
Italian

Gianaristide Norelli

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Norelli, Gianaristide
Pathologist
Summary
English
Italian

Francesca Torricelli

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Torricelli, Francesca
Geneticist for the civil parties
Summary
English
Italian

June 6, 2009

June 12, 2009

Amanda Knox

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Knox, Amanda
Summary
English
Italian

June 13, 2009

Amanda Knox

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Knox, Amanda
Summary
English
Italian

June 19, 2009

Francesco Sollecito

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Sollecito, Francesco
Raffaele Sollecito's father
Summary
English
Italian

Francesco Sollecito was offered the option of not testifying because he is the father of the accused but he stated that he wanted to testify.[600] The testimony started with some background information. Francesco is a surgeon and urologist.[601] Raffaele has a sister. Raffaele's mother died on June 20, 2005 but his father remarried three months later so Raffaele has a step mother.[602] Raffaele was wealthy having inherited some income properties after his mother's death but Francesco controlled these funds.[603] Francesco explained that Raffaele moved to Perugia in 2002 because he wanted greater autonomy and Perugia had a college that offered special consideration for the children of doctors.[604] Raffaele graduated in 2008 while in prison. Francesco testified that he called his son several times a day.[605] The majority of the testimony revolved around various phone calls on the night of the murder and the day the body was discovered.

Large part of the testimony centered around a call at 8:42 pm on the night of the murder. Francesco had just finished watching a movie and decided to call his son to recommend it.[606] During this phone call Raffaele told his dad that he and Amanda Knox were planning a trip to Gubbio the next day.[607] Francesco testified that there was no discussion of his son's plans for that night, but that Amanda Knox was present.[608] Later in the testimony Francesco stated that his son was washing dishes during the conversation, and that there was a water spill. This contradicted an earlier statement that Francesco had made stating that he did not know his son's whereabouts during this phone conversation.[609] Francesco corrected his previous statement, and said his son was definitely washing dishes after dinner.[610]

At 12:10 am Francesco sent Raffaele a text message wishing him a good night. Raffaele did not receive the text message until 6:02 am when his phone was turned on.[611]

Francesco also testified that he called his son at 9:20 am the following day.[612] Francesco stated that he wouldn't have called his son that early normally, but since there was a trip to Gubbio planned, he expected his son to be on route.[613] Francesco testified that his son was still sleeping so the call was short.[614] Asked if Amanda Knox was still at Raffaele's apartment, Francesco answered that he did not ask.[615]

Francesco testified that later that day, at 12:15 pm, he again called his son, and at the time he was informed that there had been a forced entry through a window at Amanda Knox's house.[616] Francesco testified that he told his son to call his sister who at the time was a police officer.[617]

Francesco was also asked about Raffaele's knives. Francesco testified that his son did not like knives but that he carried one out of habit.[618] This contradicts the testimony of police and Raffaele's own statements at the preliminary hearing on which occasion he stated that he loved weapons and especially knives.[619] Asked how many knives Raffaele owned, Francesco answered that he did not know.[620] Francesco testified that he had told his son to stop carrying the knives but Raffaele did not listen and so two knives were found on him when he was asked to come to the police station on November 5th.[621]

Francesco also testified about Raffaele's drug past mentioning only an incident when he was 17.[622] Francesco testified that Raffaele had never mentioned Rudy Guede.[623]

Francesco also used his testimony as a time to be critical of the police investigation. He testified that the videos showed items in different locations between the first and second search of the cottage.[624] Francesco also felt that the police should not have arrested his son on November 5th. Francesco testified that the only reason his son was arrested, was that his shoes had a similar pattern to those that left bloody shoe prints at the cottage, but that even by just looking closely you could tell that they were different shoes.[625] Francesco explained that Raffaele's shoes had seven circles while the shoes that made the bloody prints had eleven circles.[626] On cross-examination Francesco admitted that in addition to the shoes, Raffaele also had two knives when he was arrested.[627] Not mentioned in the testimony, and the primary reason Raffaele was arrested, was that during this questioning he told police that all his previous statements were rubbish, and that he had lied at the request of Amanda Knox.[628]

Edda Mellas

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Mellas, Edda
Summary
English
Italian


Maurizio Rosignoli

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Rosignoli, Maurizio
Summary
English
Italian


Giorgio Cocciaretto

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Cocciaretto, Giorgio
Summary
English
Italian


Marco Miccolini

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Miccolini, Marco
A friend of the boys who lived downstairs
Summary
English
Italian

Marco Miccolini was a minor witness. He testified that he knew the boys who lived in the downstairs apartment and that he had been to Perugia twice that year to see them.[629] He knew one of the visits was October 28th for his birthday but he did not know when the second visit was.[630]

On October 28th he passed Meredith in the driveway and said hello but that was the only time they met.[631] The boys made dinner and then four or five of them went out.[632] On a different trip to Perugia he met Amanda and Laura at a party the boys hosted. He had met Rudy Guede at the basketball court but he never saw him at the boy's apartment on either of his visit.[633] He had never met Sollecito.[634]

Miccolini also testified that Giacomo Silenzi mentioned he was dating Meredith but also that he had said it was more of a physical relationship.[635]

June 20, 2009

Francesco Introna

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Introna, Francesco
Summary
English
Italian

June 23, 2009

Marco Marzan

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Marzan, Marco
Summary
English
Italian


Sara Boccali

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Boccali, Sara
Raffaele Sollecito's Landlady
Summary
English
Italian

Sara Boccali testified that Raffaele Sollecito had signed a lease from November 1st 2006 until October 31 2007 but had requested that he be allowed to stay until the middle of November as he had school matters to deal with.[636] Boccali described Sollecito as a model tenant and that she never had an issues with payment or complaints about noise.[637] After the apartment was seized as part of a criminal investigation Sollecito's father made arrangements to compensate Boccali for the lost revenue.[638]

Boccali detailed that Sollecito had some issues with the water. He was unable to get the hot water to work. Originally Sollecito had called a plumber on his own but was told that to fix the problem a water-softener would need to be installed.[639] Boccali reported that Sollecito informed her of this and she sent out her own plumber who resolved the issue without installing the water-softner. Boccali could not remember when this had happened.[640] On cross-examination she was asked to clarify if the issue was with pipes leaking or a lack of hot water and she confirmed it was a lack of hot water. She was asked again if she could estimate when this issue arose and she could not remember.[641]

Pasqualino Coletta

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Coletta, Pasqualino
Summary
English
Italian

Lucia Salsiccioli

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Salsiccioli, Lucia
Summary
English
Italian

Carmela Occhipinti

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Occhipinti, Carmela
Occupant of a car that required a tow on the night of the murder
Summary
English
Italian

Carmela testified that her family was in Perugia on holiday.[642] They had just had dinner, and leaving the parking facility across the street from the cottage, their car had mechanical issues and required a tow.[643] Carmela's testimony covers the 30-45 minutes that she and her family were waiting for the tow truck.

Carmela testified that the car came to rest just outside the exit to the parking facility facing away from the cottage.[644] She was asked if she saw anything at the cottage and responded that she did not even see the cottage.[645] She did see the gate to the cottage, which was not in her line of sight, but she could see it if she looked left, but she could not see the building itself.[646]

Carmela was asked what did she see and responded that there were people going about, mostly young people, but that she did not notice anything out of the ordinary.[647] Carmela was asked if she heard a scream and said that she did not, but that the windows were rolled up.[648]

Carmela was also asked about several items that other witnesses had previously testified about. Specifically Carmela was asked if she saw a car hit people or any objects, and she responded that she did not see anything like that.[649] Carmela was also asked if she saw a dark car and she responded that she did not remember seeing a dark car.[650] Carmela was asked if she saw a car parked at the gate to the cottage, and she responded that she did not, but also that she was not looking for these things or paying attention.[651]

Carmela testified that she was not sure when the car had mechanical issues, but that she believed it was around 10:30 pm.[652]

Alessia Ceccarelli

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Alessia, Ceccarelli
Summary
English
Italian

June 26, 2009

Paolo Brocchi

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Brocchi, Paolo
Summary
English
Italian


Matteo Palazzoli

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Palazzoli, Matteo
Lawyer whose firm was burglarized
Summary
English
Italian

Palazzoli is a lawyer who shared office space with Paolo Brocchi who had already testified about a burglary at the firm. Palazzoli was called to give additional details since it was his computer that was stolen and he was the one who discovered the burglary.

The testimony starts with Palazzoli describing the circumstances under which he arrived at the office on October 14 2007 and he can't remember why he decided to go to the office on a Sunday afternoon. Upon arriving at the office he immediately noticed that the heat was on very high and the temperature was uncomfortably warm.[653] He then noticed lights on and some jackets that he and Brocchi had on a hanger had been disturbed. He rushed in to investigate and discovered the window had been broken and that the files had been tossed on the floor. His new computer was also missing.[654]

Palazzoli was asked details of the computer. He did not know the model number but it was a Sony Vaio with a white panel and a 16:9 screen.[655] The computer was never recovered by Palazzoli despite the police seizing a computer from Rudy Guede that they believe is the stolen computer. Palazzoli described how Brocchi had received a call from the Milan police saying they had discovered a mobile phone belonging to him in the possession of trespasser and possibly the computer as well.[656] A request to have the computer returned went nowhere because Brocchi filed the request in Milan and the stolen property had been sent to Perugia.

Palazzoli was asked if he knew Rudy Guede which he denied. His only knowledge of Rudy Guede was what he read with respect to the murder of Meredith Kercher.[657]

Palazzoli was asked if the burglar drank anything to which he responded that he drank an orange juice.[658] He was also asked if the burglar used the bathroom which Palazzoli responded that he did not think so.[659]

Ana Marina Chiriboga

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Chiriboga, Ana Marina
Summary
English
Italian

June 27, 2009

July 3, 2009

Francesco Pasquali

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Pasquali, Francesco
Summary
English
Italian

Paolo Farsi

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Farsi, Paolo
Summary
English
Italian

Raffaele Argirò

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Argirò, Raffaele
Summary
English
Italian

Testified he processed Amanda Knox when she arrived at Capanne Prison on November 6th, 2007 at 4:10 pm.[660] Argirò told the court that Knox attempted to offer an explanation but that he explained he was not the person she should be saying anything to.[661] Argirò informed Knox that she would be supplied with pen and paper and if she wished to say something related to her arrest she would have to write it down so it could be given to the Public Prosecutor.[662] The following morning at about 10 am Argirò was informed that Knox had produced two written pages in English, and that she wanted him to forward them to the Public Prosecutor.[663] Argirò took the pages from Knox and contacted the Public Prosecutor, who asked him to forward the letters to his office. The letters were hand-delivered to the prosecutor's office on November 8th.[664]

Argirò was also asked to identify if the letter in evidence was the same as Amanda Knox's handwritten statement that he had collected from her and forwarded to the prosecutor. He confirmed that it was.[665]

Pietro Campolongo

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Campolongo, Pietro
Club Promoter
Summary
English
Italian

Pietro Campolongo is a club promoter for Merlin.[666] He testified that he knew Meredith and saw her the night of Halloween at Merlin but did not remember seeing her at Domus.[667] He took a picture with Meredith. Campolongo testified that Meredith's costume had a cloak but no mask. Campolongo testified that he knew Sophie Purton, but did not know Amanda Knox or Raffaele Sollecito. Rudy Guede he knew by sight but had never met.[668]

Campolongo testified about seeing Rudy Guede on the night of November 2nd at Domus.[669] Rudy was wearing a white t-shirt and dancing. Compolongo testified that Rudy had noticeable body odor.[670] Judge Massei asked Campolongo if he remembered whether Rudy had any injuries to his hands, and Campolongo responded no.[671]

Campolongo also testified that a bartender named Christian had told him a story about coming home to find Rudy Guede in his house with a knife.[672] Asked details of the story Campolongo testified that Christian did not give many details. Asked how Christian explained Rudy gaining access to his home Campolongo said that Christian never did.[673] Asked what did Christian claim Rudy was doing Campolongo answered that Christian never gave that detail.[674] Asked how this conflict was resolved Campolongo testified that Christian never explained that.[675] Asked when did Christian tell him this story, Campolongo testified that it was only after Rudy Guede had been brought back from Germany for the murder of Meredith Kercher that Christian first mentioned anything of this incident to him.[676]

Campolongo also testified about how he came to know about Meredith's death. The owner of Tana dell'Orso called him and told him that a half-Indian girl had been murdered. Campolongo then called Pasquale Alessi, the owner of Merlin, and later went to the square by the University where he saw Sophie Purton. Journalists outside via della Pergola confirmed to him that it was indeed Meredith who had been killed. Campolongo had heard of Meredith's death on 2nd of November and he had met Sophie Purton on that same afternoon; he saw Rudy on the night between the 2nd and 3rd of November.[677]

Ricardo Luciani

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Luciani, Ricardo
Summary
English
Italian

July 4, 2009

Mariano De Martino

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
De Martino, Mariano
Raffaele Sollecito's Friend
Summary
English
Italian

Saverio Binetti

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Binetti, Saverio
Raffaele Sollecito's Friend
Summary
English
Italian

Corrando De Candia

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
De Candia, Corrando
Raffaele Sollecito's Friend
Summary
English
Italian

Angelo Cirillo

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Cirillo, Angelo
Raffaele Sollecito's Friend
Summary
English
Italian

Gabriele Traverso

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Traverso, Gabriele
Raffaele Sollecito's Friend
Summary
English
Italian

July 6, 2009

Carlo Torre

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Torre, Carlo
Summary
English
Italian

Sarah Gino

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Gino, Sarah
Summary
English
Italian

July 17, 2009

Dorothy Craft Najir

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Craft Najir, Dorothy
Amanda Knox's second cousin from Germany
Summary
English
Italian

Bruno Pellero

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Pellero, Bruno
Defense telecomunications expert
Summary
English
Italian

Maurizio Taglialatela

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Taglialatela, Maurizio
Pharmacology expert -- General effects of cannabis use on memory and behavior.
Summary
English
Italian

Taglialatela started off his testimony with his credentials. Taglialatela explained that he is a doctor and a surgeon with a Ph.D. in molecular and cell biology.[678] He is a professor of pharmacology and toxicology at the University of Molise and a chair of the faculty of the Science of Well-Being.[679] Taglialatela tells the court that his testimony will be on the general effects of cannabis use and not specific to Raffaele Sollecito or Amanda Knox.[680]

Taglialatela gives the court a general introduction to cannabis and then proceeds to discuss the behaviour and cognitive elements.[681] The testimony of relevance to the trial is the impact on memory, aggression, and risk appetite. Taglialatela testifies that cannabis use certainly impacts memory making it difficult for people to remember accurately events that occurred in the four hours that occurred after intake.[682] Taglialatela testifies that cannabis use does not typically lead to aggression, violence, or increased risk appetite.[683] Taglialatela testified that while cannabis is not considered a hallucinogenic drug it can lead to perception issues including visual and auditory hallucinations.[684]

July 18, 2009

Hicham Khiri

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Khiri, Hicham
Summary
English
Italian

Adriano Tagliabracci

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Tagliabracci, Adriano
Summary
English
Italian

September 14, 2009

Adriano Tagliabracci

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Tagliabracci, Adriano
Summary
English
Italian

September 18, 2009

Mauro Paggi

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Paggi, Mauro
Summary
English
Italian

Francesco Vinci

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Vinci, Francesco
Defense (Sollecito) footprint expert
Summary
English
Italian

Testified that a smaller set of prints accompanied the large set, but did not compare to Knox's feet.

September 19, 2009

Giancarlo Umani Ronchi

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Ronchi, Giancarko Umani
Medical expert - Time of death and injuries
Summary
English
Italian

Appointed by the GUP to look at time of death and Meredith's injuries and cause of death.[685]

Giancarlo testified that it was impossible to determine time of death though any reliable method.[686] Temperature of the body could not be used because the temperature was not taken until 12 hours after the body was discovered and during the period the body and environment was altered.[687] The Henssge method could also not be used because it also requires that temperature be kept constant over time.[688] Hypostatic stains and rigor mortis could not be used because too much time had passed. The only method that could be used was digestion and that method is unreliable.[689] Giancario explained that digestion is individual specific and even among individuals it can vary depending on psychological state.[690] Giancario also told the court that this meal was eaten over a couple of hours in stages and there was no way to know if Meredith had consumed anything after leaving her friends.[691] In addition ligatures were not used so material could have moved while the body was being examined.[692]

Ronchi testified that 200cc of gastric contents were supplied.[693] Dr Lalli's report has 500cc being recovered. Giancario testified that his findings were consistent with Dr Lalli that the gastric contents consisted of mozzarella and slices of apple.[694] Ronchi testified that the duodenum was empty and that there was food content before the ileocecal valve but since ligatures were not used it is possible that the food contents before the ileocecal valve were part of the already emptied gastric contents.[695]

Defense lawyers repeatedly attempted to get Ronchi to commit to 3-4 hours as the standard amount of time for a stomach to empty. Ronchi repeatedly answers that it depends but that the standard would be 4-5 hours. Donati asks Ronchi if his report does not contain the claim that it is 3-4 hours on page 44 but Judge Massei points out to Donati that the sentence continues onto page 45 where Giancarlo writes that meals with meat and vegetables would take four to six hours to leave the stomach and a meal with flour would require six to seven hours.[696]

Mignini asks Ronchi about the presence of mushrooms in the gastric contents as reported by Dr. Lalli. Ronchi responds that he does not remember any mushrooms in the gastric contents.[697]

Ronachi testifies about another discrepancy between his findings and those of Dr. Lalli. Dr. Lalli reported a low amount of alcohol in Meredith's system but Ronachi testifies that Meredith's BAC was compatible with someone who had consumed the equivalent of 200cc of gin.[698] Ronachi testified that the test was done multiple times so there was no mistake although contamination is always a possibility.[699]

Ronachi also testified that the knife was compatible.[700] Ronachi explained to the court that compatibility is not a matter of matching a specific knife to a wound.[701] The criteria for compatibility is limited to if the blade was single or double edged and a minimum length and width.[702] There is no way to determine the specific length or width of a knife so in this instance any knife with a single edge that met the minimum width and length would be compatible.[703]

Mariano Cingolani

Anna Aprile

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Aprile, Anna
Medical Expert assigned the task of determining if Meredith Kercher was raped
Summary
English
Italian

Aprile testified Meredith has engaged in sexual activity shortly before her murder but that in most cases of sexual assault there is not particular genital injury that indicates if the sexual activity was consensual or forced.[704] Aprile testified that in photographs Meredith's vaginal wall had discoloration at five and seven o'clock.[705] When the body was examined the discoloration was no longer visible because it was being stored in formalin so had turned a uniform gray color.[706] A 4 micron sample was taken and there were no signs of bruising.[707]

Aprile testified that vaginal and anal swabs were taken and no sperm was discovered but that the DNA of Rudy Guede was discovered on one of the vaginal swabs.[708] Aprile explained to the court that the presence of DNA but a lack of sperm could be explained by saliva, epithelial cells from the hand, or penile penetration without ejaculation.[709]

Judge Massie asked about other injuries found on Meredith and Aprile answered that the injuries to the thighs and lower limbs as well as the injuries to the mouth and sinus area are often present in cases of sexual assault.[710] Massei asked about the bra to which Aprile responded that she had not been asked to consult on the clothing and as such had not examined the clothing but was aware of the bra from the media.[711] Limiting herself to general statements Aprile testified that in instances of sexual assault the garments are frequently torn.[712]

September 25, 2009

Carlo Caltagirone

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Caltagirone, Carlo
Psychiatrist (stress & memory)
Summary
English
Italian

Walter Patumi

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Patumi, Walter
Summary
English
Italian

September 26, 2009

Antonio D'Ambrosio

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
D'Ambrosio, Antonio
Computer consultant for Sollecito defense
Summary
English
Italian

Sarah Gino

Witnesses
Name
Description
Testimony
Transcripts
Gino, Sarah
Summary
English
Italian

October 9, 2009

Article 507 Request by Defense

Under Article 507 of The Code Of Criminal Procedure defendants can make arguments that the court investigate the evidence itself. Today there were no witnesses just defence requests under article 507 for Massei to appoint independent experts to investigate several items of evidence.

The filing by Amanda Knox's lawyers can be read here: Amanda Knox's Request Under Article 507 Of The Code Of Criminal Procedure We currently don't have motion filed by Sollecito's lawyers.

The defense requested that the court appoint independent experts to examine the following evidence:

  1. A review of the time of death for Meredith Kercher.[713][714]
  2. A review finding that Raffaele Sollecito's DNA was found on the bra hook.[715][716]
  3. A review of the DNA findings for the knife recovered from Raffaele Sollecito's apartment.[717][718]
  4. A review of the possibility of contamination for all the DNA evidence.[719]
  5. A review of the footprints matching Amanda Knox and Raffaele Sollecito found by applying Luminol to the hallway.[720]
  6. A review of the compatibility of the knife recovered from Sollecito's apartment and the wounds.[721]
  7. A review of the bloody footprint in a women's shoe matching Amanda Knox's shoe size found on a pillow under the body of the victim.[722][723]
  8. That new evidence regarding the time the Postal Police arrived be admitted.[724]
  9. That an audio study of Nara Capezzali's appartment be conducted to assess if it was possible for her to hear what she testified to.[725]
  10. A new examination of Raffaele Sollecito, Amanda Knox, and Meredith Kercher's computers.[726]
Amanda Knox's Shoe Print On The Pillow

Two prosecution experts had argued that the footprint found on a pillow under the victim was definitely made by a women's shoe size 36-38 and that it was most likely made by a women's ASICS size 37.5.[727] The defense expert had testified that while the shoe print was considerably smaller than Guede's shoe's that this difference in size was due to a crease in the pillow.[728] Prosecutor Comodi stated that while she did not feel any additional experts were needed she would "almost be pleased" to have an independent expert review this item of evidence.[729]

Timing Of The Arrival Of The Postal Police

Luca Maori representing Raffaele Sollecito requested that new evidence be admitted in an effort to show that the Postal Police had arrived at 1:00-1:02pm rather than 12:48pm as was established during the trial.[730] The timing of the arrival of the Postal Police is important since if the Postal Police arrived at 12:41pm then Raffaele Sollecito made the calls to the emergency number after the police had already arrived. If the Postal Police arrived after 1pm as Maori hopes to establish then the Postal Police would have arrived minutes after Raffaele Sollecito called the emergency number.

The delay in asking for this new argument to be admitted as evidence is a clue to the validity of the evidence Maori wishes to introduce. That there was an issue with the arrival of the Postal Police and Raffaele Sollecito's calls to the 112 emergency number was known on November 5th 2007. This contradiction was one of the main items that led to the police requesting that Sollecito come in for additional questioning. On the night of November 5th Sollecito confessed that the Postal Police arrived before he called 112.[731] The Postal Police were the first witnesses in this trial testifying on February 6.[732] On March 13 Mauro Barbadori testified withe respect to the CCTV video and used it to determine that the Postal Police arrived at the cottage at 12:48pm.[733] During cross-examination Bongiorno alluded to the argument that Maori is now attempting to make so the Postal.PDF evidence was not a late discovery.[734] The defense was aware of this argument but no attempt to refute Barbadonri's testimony was made in court and only after the trial was over did they attempt to have this line of argument admitted as evidence. The reason for that is that the defense knew the Postal.PDF argument could not survive cross-examination. For a discussion of this please see:Were the 112 Calls Made Before or After the Postal Police Unexpectedly Arrived?

General Arguments

The defense lawyers all presented various versions of the argument that given the seriousness of the charges the court should not spare any expense in arriving at the truth. Carla Dalla Vedova for Amanda Knox argued that it was in the interest of justice, and therefore we insist on a review of the evidence that is more precise, complete, and exhaustive."[735] Bongiorno reminded the court that the future of a fine young man is at stake.[736] Francesco Maresca who represents the victims family argued that both the prosecution and defense had presented their experts and so the court had sufficient material to review.[737] Prosecutor Comodi made a similiar argument adding that what the court needs to do is consider the difference in "seriousness and integrity" of the expert witnesses.[738] Comodi was alluding to the fact that the the majority of the defense expert witnesses could not be considered crediable by any objective observer.[739]

Results of Article 507 Request

After two hours of deliberation the court rejected all of the defense requests.[740][741]

November 20, 2009

November 21, 2009

November 27, 2009

Letizia Magnini's Massei Trial Closing Arguments on Behalf of Civil Party Aldalia Tattanelli

Carlo Pacelli's Massei Trial Closing Arguments on Behalf of Civil Party Patrick Diya Lumumba

Francesco Maresca's Massei Trial Closing Arguments on Behalf of Civil Party Kercher Family

Serena Perna's Massei Trial Closing Arguments on Behalf of Civil Party Stephanie Kercher

November 28, 2009

Luca Maori's Massei Trial Closing Arguments for Raffaele Sollecito

November 30, 2009

Giulia Bongiorno's Massei Trial Closing Arguments for Raffaele Sollecito

December 1, 2009

Carlo Dalla Vedova's Massei Trial Closing Arguments in Defense of Amanda Knox

December 2, 2009

Luciano Ghirga's Massei Trial Closing Arguments in Defense of Amanda Knox

Giuliano Mignini's Massei Trial Rebuttal For Prosecution

December 3, 2009

Manuela Comodi's Massei Trial Rebuttal For Prosecution


Raffaele Sollecito's Massei Trial Closing Statement

Carlo Pacelli's Massei Trial Rebuttal on Behalf of Civil Party Patrick Diya Lumumba

Serena Perna's Massei Trial Rebuttal on Behalf of Civil Party Stephanie Kercher

Francesco Maresca's Massei Trial Rebuttal on Behalf of Civil Party Kercher Family

Maria Del Grosso's Massei Trial Rebuttal in Defense of Amanda Knox

Luciano Ghirga's Massei Trial Rebuttal in Defense of Amanda Knox


Amanda Knox's Massei Trial Closing Statement

Donatella Donati's Massei Trial Rebuttal for Raffaele Sollecito

December 4, 2009

Notes

  1. Staff. Perugia, prima udienza: Amanda e Sollecito in aula Corriere Della Sera 16 Jan 2009
  2. Staff. Mez, Amanda: "Non ho paura" TGCOM Cronaca] 16 Jan 2009
  3. Staff. Mez, Amanda: "Non ho paura" TGCOM Cronaca] 16 Jan 2009
  4. Staff. Mez, Amanda: "Non ho paura" TGCOM Cronaca] 16 Jan 2009
  5. Staff. Di nuovo in aula il delitto di Perugia Il Secolo XIX 05 June 2009
  6. Squires, Nick. Trial of Amanda Knox for Meredith Kercher murder begins in Perugia The Telegraph 16 Jan 2009
  7. Staff. Perugia, Amanda e Sollecito alla sbarra La Stampa] 16 Jan 2009
  8. Staff. Mez, Amanda: "Non ho paura" TGCOM Cronaca] 16 Jan 2009
  9. Squires, Nick. Trial of Amanda Knox for Meredith Kercher murder begins in Perugia The Telegraph 16 Jan 2009
  10. Squires, Nick. Trial of Amanda Knox for Meredith Kercher murder begins in Perugia The Telegraph 16 Jan 2009
  11. Squires, Nick. Trial of Amanda Knox for Meredith Kercher murder begins in Perugia The Telegraph 16 Jan 2009
  12. Staff. Perugia, Amanda e Sollecito alla sbarra La Stampa] 16 Jan 2009
  13. Staff. Mez, Amanda: "Non ho paura" TGCOM Cronaca] 16 Jan 2009
  14. Squires, Nick. Trial of Amanda Knox for Meredith Kercher murder begins in Perugia The Telegraph 16 Jan 2009
  15. Staff. Mez, Amanda: "Non ho paura" TGCOM Cronaca] 16 Jan 2009
  16. Squires, Nick. Trial of Amanda Knox for Meredith Kercher murder begins in Perugia The Telegraph 16 Jan 2009
  17. Staff. Mez, Amanda: "Non ho paura" TGCOM Cronaca] 16 Jan 2009
  18. Staff. Mez, Amanda: "Non ho paura" TGCOM Cronaca] 16 Jan 2009
  19. For a detailed discussion of Amanda Knox's Confession
  20. Simpson, Aislinn. Suspect statements in Kercher murder case The Telegraph 7 Nov 2007.
  21. Staff.[http://www.corriere.it/cronache/07_novembre_07/meredith_verbali_sarzanini.shtml Perugia, la verità di Amanda: lei era con Patrick e gridava] Corriere Della Sere 7 Nov 2007
  22. Staff. Mez, Amanda: "Non ho paura" TGCOM Cronaca] 16 Jan 2009
  23. Staff. Mez, Amanda: "Non ho paura" TGCOM Cronaca] 16 Jan 2009
  24. Squires, Nick. Amanda Knox suffers blow in trial for murder of Meredith Kercher The Telegraph Feb 06, 2009.
  25. Pisa, Nick. Meredith Murder Suspect Speaks Up Sky News Feb 06, 2009
  26. Squires, Nick. Amanda Knox suffers blow in trial for murder of Meredith Kercher The Telegraph Feburary 6 2009
  27. Staff. Omicidio Meredith, si torna in aula Raffaele si dichiara ancora innocente La Stampa Feburary 06, 2009
  28. Squires, Nick. Amanda Knox suffers blow in trial for murder of Meredith Kercher The Telegraph Feburary 6 2009
  29. Squires, Nick. Amanda Knox suffers blow in trial for murder of Meredith Kercher The Telegraph Feburary 6 2009
  30. Staff. Omicidio Meredith, si torna in aula Raffaele si dichiara ancora innocente La Stampa Feburary 06, 2009
  31. Staff Sollecito: "Situazione irreale, non conosco Guede" Tiscali Feb 06 2009
  32. Staff. Omicidio Meredith, si torna in aula Raffaele si dichiara ancora innocente La Stampa Feb 06 2009
  33. Bossi, Nicola. Meredith - Dirigente Polizia postale smentisce alibi di Sollecito in fatto di utilizzo del computer durante delitto Umbria Left Feb 6 2009
  34. Staff. Omicidio Meredith, si torna in aula Raffaele si dichiara ancora innocente La Stampa Feb 06 2009
  35. Staff. Amanda Knox: the middle-calls American student turned murderer Belfast Telegraph Dec 05 2009
  36. Bossi, Nicola. Meredith - Dirigente Polizia postale smentisce alibi di Sollecito in fatto di utilizzo del computer durante delitto Umbria Left Feb 6 2009
  37. Michele Battistelli's Testimony
  38. Michele Battistelli's Testimony
  39. Michele Battistelli's Testimony
  40. Michele Battistelli's Testimony
  41. Michele Battistelli's Testimony
  42. Looking at the evidence it seems clear that the Postal Police did arrive before Sollecito called the 112 emergency number. For a discussion of this evidence see: Were the 112 calls made before or after the Postal Police unexpectedly arrived?
  43. Michele Battistelli's Testimony
  44. Michele Battistelli's Testimony
  45. Michele Battistelli's Testimony
  46. Michele Battistelli's Testimony
  47. Michele Battistelli's Testimony
  48. Michele Battistelli's Testimony
  49. Michele Battistelli's Testimony
  50. Michele Battistelli's Testimony
  51. Michele Battistelli's Testimony
  52. Michele Battistelli's Testimony
  53. Michele Battistelli's Testimony
  54. Michele Battistelli's Testimony
  55. Michele Battistelli's Testimony
  56. Michele Battistelli's Testimony
  57. Michele Battistelli's Testimony
  58. Michele Battistelli's Testimony
  59. Michele Battistelli's Testimony
  60. Michele Battistelli's Testimony
  61. Michele Battistelli's Testimony
  62. Michele Battistelli's Testimony
  63. Michele Battistelli's Testimony
  64. Michele Battistelli's Testimony
  65. Michele Battistelli's Testimony
  66. Michele Battistelli's Testimony
  67. Staff. Mez, Sollecito: 'Io vittima di un errore' Al processo nove testimoni d'accusa L'Unione Sarda Feb 06, 2009
  68. [[#cite_ref-68|↑]] Staff. http://www.ansa.it/opencms/export/site/notizie/rubriche/inlavorazione/visualizza_new.html_877783259.html ANSA February 6, 2009
  69. Staff Sollecito: "Situazione irreale, non conosco Guede" Tiscali Feb 06 2009
  70. Layton, Josh, <ext<http://www.dailystar.co.uk/news/latest-news/68737/I-find-it-hard-to-kill-a-fly :: find it hard to kill a fly</ext> Daily Star Feb 7, 1009
  71. Nash, Emily. Meredith Kercher murder suspects cuddled as cops checked dead girl's corpse Daily Record and Sunday Mail Feb 7, 2009
  72. Staff Sollecito: "Situazione irreale, non conosco Guede" Tiscali Feb 06 2009
  73. Staff Sollecito: "Situazione irreale, non conosco Guede" Tiscali Feb 06 2009
  74. Mastronardi, Vincenzo Maria & Castellini, Giuseppe: Meredith. Luci e ombre a Perugia. Armando Editore, 2009. ISBN:978-88-6081-491-3
  75. Mastronardi, Vincenzo Maria & Castellini, Giuseppe: Meredith. Luci e ombre a Perugia. Armando Editore, 2009. ISBN:978-88-6081-491-3
  76. Mastronardi, Vincenzo Maria & Castellini, Giuseppe: Meredith. Luci e ombre a Perugia. Armando Editore, 2009. ISBN:978-88-6081-491-3
  77. Alessandro Biscarini's Testimony
  78. Alessandro Biscarini's Testimony
  79. Fiammetta Biscarini's Testimony
  80. Fiammetta Biscarini's Testimony
  81. Fiammetta Biscarini's Testimony
  82. Fiammetta Biscarini's Testimony
  83. Luca Altieri's Testimony
  84. Luca Altieri's Testimony
  85. Luca Altieri's Testimony
  86. Luca Altieri's Testimony
  87. Luca Altieri's Testimony
  88. Luca Altieri's Testimony
  89. Luca Altieri's Testimony
  90. Luca Altieri's Testimony
  91. Luca Altieri's Testimony
  92. Luca Altieri's Testimony
  93. Luca Altieri's Testimony
  94. Luca Altieri's Testimony
  95. Luca Altieri's Testimony
  96. Luca Altieri's Testimony
  97. Squires, Nick. Amanda Knox and Meredith Kercher fell out over housework, third flatmate says The Telegraph Feb 07 2009
  98. Staff. Father: Amanda Knox Will Be Found Innocent CBS News December 04 2009
  99. Staff. Meredith, la deposizione di Filomena 'Amanda ha detto c'è qualcosa di strano' L'Unione Sarde Febuary 7 2009
  100. Squires, Nick. Amanda Knox and Meredith Kercher fell out over housework, third flatmate says The Telegraph Feb 07 2009
  101. Staff. Meredith, la deposizione di Filomena 'Amanda ha detto c'è qualcosa di strano' L'Unione Sarde Febuary 7 2009
  102. Squires, Nick. Amanda Knox and Meredith Kercher fell out over housework, third flatmate says The Telegraph Feb 07 2009
  103. Squires, Nick. Amanda Knox and Meredith Kercher fell out over housework, third flatmate says The Telegraph Feb 07 2009
  104. Squires, Nick. Amanda Knox and Meredith Kercher fell out over housework, third flatmate says The Telegraph Feb 07 2009
  105. Staff. Meredith, la deposizione di Filomena 'Amanda ha detto c'è qualcosa di strano' L'Unione Sarde Febuary 7 2009
  106. Staff. Meredith, la deposizione di Filomena 'Amanda ha detto c'è qualcosa di strano' L'Unione Sarde Febuary 7 2009
  107. Staff. Meredith, la deposizione di Filomena 'Amanda ha detto c'è qualcosa di strano' L'Unione Sarde Febuary 7 2009
  108. Squires, Nick. Amanda Knox and Meredith Kercher fell out over housework, third flatmate says The Telegraph Feb 07 2009
  109. Squires, Nick. Amanda Knox and Meredith Kercher fell out over housework, third flatmate says The Telegraph Feb 07 2009
  110. Squires, Nick. Amanda Knox and Meredith Kercher fell out over housework, third flatmate says The Telegraph Feb 07 2009
  111. Squires, Nick. Amanda Knox and Meredith Kercher fell out over housework, third flatmate says The Telegraph Feb 07 2009
  112. Staff. Meredith, la deposizione di Filomena 'Amanda ha detto c'è qualcosa di strano' L'Unione Sarde Febuary 7 2009
  113. Squires, Nick. Amanda Knox and Meredith Kercher fell out over housework, third flatmate says The Telegraph Feb 07 2009
  114. Staff Sollecito: "Situazione irreale, non conosco Guede" Tiscali Feb 06 2009
  115. Popham, Peter. Friends of murdered girl arrive to incriminate Knox The Independent February 14, 2009
  116. Vogt. Andrea Knox defends herself as character is assailed Seattle Pi February 13,2009
  117. Vogt. Andrea Knox defends herself as character is assailed Seattle Pi February 13,2009
  118. Staff. Perugia, Amanda Knox parla in aula: sono innocente Reuters Italia February 13, 2009
  119. Times Article
  120. Times Article
  121. Popham, Peter. Friends of murdered girl arrive to incriminate Knox The Independent February 14, 2009
  122. Popham, Peter. Friends of murdered girl arrive to incriminate Knox The Independent February 14, 2009
  123. Popham, Peter. Friends of murdered girl arrive to incriminate Knox The Independent February 14, 2009
  124. Popham, Peter. Friends of murdered girl arrive to incriminate Knox The Independent February 14, 2009
  125. Staff. Amanda in aula: «Sono innocente» Corriere Della Sera February 13, 2009
  126. Staff. Amanda in aula: «Sono innocente» Corriere Della Sera February 13, 2009
  127. Associated Press. U.S. Student Amanda Knox Takes Stand, Claims Innocence Fox News February 13, 2009
  128. Associated Press. U.S. Student Amanda Knox Takes Stand, Claims Innocence Fox News February 13, 2009
  129. Staff. 'Joking and cuddling' by Meredith accused as friends wept The Scotsman February 13, 2009
  130. Amanda Knox's Testimony
  131. Associated Press. U.S. Student Amanda Knox Takes Stand, Claims Innocence Fox News February 13, 2009
  132. Staff. Amanda in aula: «Sono innocente» Corriere Della Sera February 13, 2009
  133. Squires, Nick. Amanda Knox 'showed no emotion' after flatmate Meredith Kercher killed The Telegraph February 13, 2009
  134. Staff. Amanda Knox e il padre fiduciosi sull'esito del processo per la morte di Meredith Kercher Il Tamtam February 3, 2009
  135. Staff. 'Joking and cuddling' by Meredith accused as friends wept The Scotsman February 13, 2009
  136. Associated Press. U.S. Student Amanda Knox Takes Stand, Claims Innocence Fox News February 13, 2009
  137. Squires, Nick. Amanda Knox 'showed no emotion' after flatmate Meredith Kercher killed The Telegraph February 13, 2009
  138. Staff. Amanda in aula: «Sono innocente» Corriere Della Sera February 13, 2009
  139. Who Returned To Move Meredith?
  140. Amanda Knox's Testimony
  141. Vogt, Andrea. Knox defends herself as character is assailed SeattlePi Feburary 13,2009
  142. AP News Service U.S. Student Amanda Knox Takes Stand, Claims Innocence Fox News Feburary 13,2009
  143. Staff Perugia, Amanda Knox parla in aula: sono innocente Reuters Italia Feburary 13, 2009
  144. Staff Perugia, Amanda Knox parla in aula: sono innocente Reuters Italia Feburary 13, 2009
  145. Kington, Tom Knox tells Italian court she is 'innocent' of Kercher's murder The Guardian Feb 13, 2009.
  146. Vogt, Andrea Knox defends herself as character is assailed Seatle Pi February 13, 2009
  147. Kington, Tom Knox tells Italian court she is 'innocent' of Kercher's murder The Guardian Feb 13, 2009.
  148. Associated Press.Suspect was giggling after murder - witnesses Stuff.co.nz February 15 2009
  149. Kington, Tom Knox tells Italian court she is 'innocent' of Kercher's murder The Guardian Feb 13, 2009.
  150. Staff. Friends of murdered girl arrive to incriminate KnoxThe Independent Feb 14 2009
  151. Kington, Tom Knox tells Italian court she is 'innocent' of Kercher's murder The Guardian Feb 13, 2009.
  152. Vogt, Andrea.Knox defends herself as character is assailed Seattle Pi Feb 13 2009
  153. Staff.Amanda Knox e il padre fiduciosi sull'esito del processo per la morte di Meredith Kercher Il Tantam Feb 13 2009
  154. Vogt, Andrea.Knox defends herself as character is assailed Seattle Pi Feb 13 2009
  155. Staff.Amanda Knox e il padre fiduciosi sull'esito del processo per la morte di Meredith Kercher Il Tantam Feb 13 2009
  156. Amanda Knox's Testimony
  157. The Micheli Sentencing Report
  158. The Micheli Sentencing Report
  159. Staff.Amanda Knox e il padre fiduciosi sull'esito del processo per la morte di Meredith Kercher Il Tantam Feb 13 2009
  160. Vogt, Andrea.Knox defends herself as character is assailed Seattle Pi Feb 13 2009
  161. The Micheli Sentencing Report
  162. Associated Press U.S. Student Amanda Knox Takes Stand, Claims Innocence Fox News Feb 13 2009
  163. Associated Press U.S. Student Amanda Knox Takes Stand, Claims Innocence Fox News Feb 13 2009
  164. Popham, Peter. Friends of murdered girl arrive to incriminate Knox The Independent Feb 14 2009
  165. Squires, Nick Amanda Knox 'showed no emotion' after flatmate Meredith Kercher killed The Telegraph Feb 13,2009
  166. Vogt, Andrea Knox defends herself as character is assailed Seatle Pi Feb 13 2009
  167. Associated PressSuspect was giggling after murder - witnesses Stuff.co.nz Feb 15 2009
  168. Squires, Nick Amanda Knox 'showed no emotion' after flatmate Meredith Kercher killed The Telegraph Feb 13,2009
  169. Jade Bidwell's Testimony
  170. Jade Bidwell's Testimony
  171. Jade Bidwell's Testimony
  172. Jade Bidwell's Testimony
  173. Jade Bidwell's Testimony
  174. Jade Bidwell's Testimony
  175. Jade Bidwell's Testimony
  176. Jade Bidwell's Testimony
  177. Jade Bidwell's Testimony
  178. Jade Bidwell's Testimony
  179. Jade Bidwell's Testimony
  180. Jade Bidwell's Testimony
  181. Jade Bidwell's Testimony
  182. Jade Bidwell's Testimony
  183. Jade Bidwell's Testimony
  184. Jade Bidwell's Testimony
  185. Jade Bidwell's Testimony - Civil Party Pacelli
  186. Jade Bidwell's Testimony - Civil Party Pacelli
  187. Amanda's Statement to the Police
  188. Jade Bidwell's Testimony
  189. Jade Bidwell's Testimony - Dalla Vedova Cross Examination
  190. Jade Bidwell's Testimony - Dalla Vedova Cross Examination
  191. Popham, Peter. Knox 'had scratched neck' after Kercher murder, says friend The Independent Feb 15 2009
  192. Vogt, Andrea. Knox's roommate, neighbors take the stand Seattle Pi Feb 14 2009
  193. Staff. "Amanda aveva una ferita al collo" TGCOM Feb 14 2009
  194. Vogt, Andrea. Knox's roommate, neighbors take the stand Seattle Pi Feb 14 2009
  195. Vogt, Andrea. Knox's roommate, neighbors take the stand Seattle Pi Feb 14 2009
  196. Associated Press. Witness: U.S. Student Amanda Knox Had Scratch on Her Neck Fox News Feb 14 2009
  197. Associated Press. Witness: U.S. Student Amanda Knox Had Scratch on Her Neck Fox News Feb 14 2009
  198. Staff «All you need is love» sulla maglietta Amanda Knox stupisce in aula Corriere Della Sera Feb 14 2009
  199. Associated Press. Witness: U.S. Student Amanda Knox Had Scratch on Her Neck Fox News Feb 14 2009
  200. Vogt, Andrea. Knox's roommate, neighbors take the stand Seattle Pi Feb 14 2009
  201. Staff «All you need is love» sulla maglietta Amanda Knox stupisce in aula Corriere Della Sera Feb 14 2009
  202. Staff «All you need is love» sulla maglietta Amanda Knox stupisce in aula Corriere Della Sera Feb 14 2009
  203. Vogt, Andrea.Knox's roommate, neighbors take the stand Seattle Pi Feb 14 2009
  204. Vogt, Andrea.Knox's roommate, neighbors take the stand Seattle Pi Feb 14 2009
  205. Vogt, Andrea.Knox's roommate, neighbors take the stand Seattle Pi Feb 14 2009
  206. Vogt, Andrea.Knox's roommate, neighbors take the stand Seattle Pi Feb 14 2009
  207. Vogt, Andrea.Knox's roommate, neighbors take the stand Seattle Pi Feb 14 2009
  208. Kington, Tom. Flatmate saw scratch on Knox's neck soon after Kercher killing The Guardian Feb 15 2009
  209. Vogt, Andrea.Knox's roommate, neighbors take the stand Seattle Pi Feb 14 2009
  210. Popham, Peter. Knox 'had scratched neck' after Kercher murder, says friend The Independent Feb 15 2009
  211. Vogt, Andrea.Knox's roommate, neighbors take the stand Seattle Pi Feb 14 2009
  212. Vogt, Andrea. Knox's roommate, neighbors take the stand Seatle Pi Feb 14 2009
  213. Vogt, Andrea. Knox's roommate, neighbors take the stand Seatle Pi Feb 14 2009
  214. Vogt, Andrea. Knox's roommate, neighbors take the stand Seatle Pi Feb 14 2009
  215. Popham, Peter. Knox 'had scratched neck' after Kercher murder, says friend The Independent Feb 15 2009
  216. The 112 Calls
  217. Popham, Peter. Knox 'had scratched neck' after Kercher murder, says friend The Independent Feb 15 2009
  218. Popham, Peter. Amanda Knox 'did cartwheels' after Meredith's death Beflast Telegraph Feb 28
  219. Popham, Peter. Amanda Knox 'did cartwheels' after Meredith's death Beflast Telegraph Feb 28
  220. Popham, Peter. Amanda Knox 'did cartwheels' after Meredith's death Beflast Telegraph Feb 28
  221. Squires, Nick. Amanda Knox did cartwheels and splits at police station after Meredith Kercher murder The Telegraph Feb 27 2009
  222. Squires, Nick. Amanda Knox did cartwheels and splits at police station after Meredith Kercher murder The Telegraph Feb 27 2009
  223. Squires, Nick. Amanda Knox did cartwheels and splits at police station after Meredith Kercher murder The Telegraph Feb 27 2009
  224. Squires, Nick. Amanda Knox did cartwheels and splits at police station after Meredith Kercher murder The Telegraph Feb 27 2009
  225. Squires, Nick. Amanda Knox did cartwheels and splits at police station after Meredith Kercher murder The Telegraph Feb 27 2009
  226. Squires, Nick. Amanda Knox did cartwheels and splits at police station after Meredith Kercher murder The Telegraph Feb 27 2009
  227. Squires, Nick. Amanda Knox did cartwheels and splits at police station after Meredith Kercher murder The Telegraph Feb 27 2009
  228. Pisa, Nick. Meredith Trial: 'Shoe Print Linked To Knox' Sky News Feb 28 2009
  229. Pisa, Nick. Meredith Trial: 'Shoe Print Linked To Knox' Sky News Feb 28 2009
  230. Pisa, Nick. Meredith Trial: 'Shoe Print Linked To Knox' Sky News Feb 28 2009
  231. Vogt, Andrea Police say Knox behaved oddly at station Seattle Pi Feb 27 2009
  232. Vogt, Andrea Police say Knox behaved oddly at station Seattle Pi Feb 27 2009
  233. Vogt, Andrea Police say Knox behaved oddly at station Seattle Pi Feb 27 2009
  234. Vogt, Andrea Police say Knox behaved oddly at station Seattle Pi Feb 27 2009
  235. Squires, Nick. Kercher trial: Knox back in court The Telegraph Feb 28 2009
  236. Staff Kercher suspect 'did cartwheels' BBC News Feb 27 2009
  237. Squires, Nick. Kercher trial: Knox back in court The Telegraph Feb 28 2009
  238. Vogt, Andrea Police say Knox behaved oddly at station Seattle Pi Feb 27 2009
  239. Vogt, Andrea Police say Knox behaved oddly at station Seattle Pi Feb 27 2009
  240. Pisa, Nick. Meredith Trial: 'Shoe Print Linked To Knox' Sky News Feb 28 2009
  241. Popham, Peter. Amanda Knox 'did cartwheels' after Meredith's death Belfast Telegraph Feb 28 2009
  242. Sunday Times.Coed Slay Suspect Amanda Knox Says Italian Police Mistreated Her Fox News Mar 1 2009
  243. Sunday Times. Coed Slay Suspect Amanda Knox Says Italian Police Mistreated Her Fox News Mar 1 2009
  244. Popham, Peter. Amanda Knox 'did cartwheels' after Meredith's death Belfast Telegraph Feb 28 2009
  245. Popham, Peter. Amanda Knox 'did cartwheels' after Meredith's death Belfast Telegraph Feb 28 2009
  246. Vogt, Andrea. Knox, ex-boyfriend refute police testimony Seattle Pi Feb 28 2009
  247. Bertoldi, Elio Clero HERE ARE IS ALL THE EVIDENCE AGAINST AMANDA AND RAFF Corriere dell' Umbria (translated by Catnip on PMF) Feb 28 2009
  248. Popham, Peter. Amanda Knox 'did cartwheels' after Meredith's death Belfast Telegraph Feb 28 2009
  249. Pisa, Nick. Meredith Trial: 'Shoe Print Linked To Knox' Sky News Feb 28 2009
  250. Pisa, Nick. Meredith Trial: 'Shoe Print Linked To Knox' Sky News Feb 28 2009
  251. Vogt, Andrea. Knox, ex-boyfriend refute police testimony Seattle Pi Feb 28 2009
  252. Raffaele Sollecito's Alibi#Raffaele Sollecito's Alibi
  253. Amanda Knox's Confession#Amanda's Statement to the Police
  254. Pisa, Nick. Shoe print 'matching Foxy Knoxy's' found under Meredith's dead body, police chief tells trial Daily MailMarch 1 2009
  255. Vogt, Andrea. Knox, ex-boyfriend refute police testimony Seattle Pi Feb 28 2009
  256. Vogt, Andrea. Knox, ex-boyfriend refute police testimony Seattle Pi Feb 28 2009
  257. Sunday Times. Coed Slay Suspect Amanda Knox Says Italian Police Mistreated Her Fox News Mar 1 2009
  258. Vogt, Andrea. Knox, ex-boyfriend refute police testimony Seattle Pi Feb 28 2009
  259. Squires, Nick. Woman's bloodstained footprint found under Meredith Kercher's body The Telegraph Feb 28 2009
  260. Vogt, Andrea. Knox, ex-boyfriend refute police testimony Seattle Pi Feb 28 2009
  261. Popham, Peter. Shoe print discovered under victim 'links Knox to crime scene' The Independent March 1 2009
  262. Vogt, Andrea. Knox, ex-boyfriend refute police testimony Seattle Pi Feb 28 2009
  263. Sunday Times Coed Slay Suspect Amanda Knox Says Italian Police Mistreated Her Fox News March 01 2009
  264. Popham, Peter. Shoe print discovered under victim 'links Knox to crime scene' The Independent March 1 2009
  265. Popham, Peter. Shoe print discovered under victim 'links Knox to crime scene' The Independent March 1 2009
  266. Popham, Peter. Shoe print discovered under victim 'links Knox to crime scene' The Independent March 1 2009
  267. Staff Delitto Meredith: Amanda e Raffaele: «Siamo stati maltrattati in Questura» Corriere Della Sera Feb 28 2009
  268. Vogt, Andrea. Knox, ex-boyfriend refute police testimony Seattle Pi Feb 28 2009
  269. Vogt, Andrea. Knox, ex-boyfriend refute police testimony Seattle Pi Feb 28 2009
  270. Staff Delitto Meredith: Amanda e Raffaele: «Siamo stati maltrattati in Questura» Corriere Della Sera Feb 28 2009
  271. Sunday Times Coed Slay Suspect Amanda Knox Says Italian Police Mistreated Her Fox News March 01 2009
  272. Massei Trial#Request to have Amanda Knox's written statement excluded
  273. Massei Trial#Request to have Amanda Knox's written statement excluded
  274. Staff Delitto Meredith: Amanda e Raffaele: «Siamo stati maltrattati in Questura» Corriere Della Sera Feb 28 2009
  275. Vogt, Andrea. Knox, ex-boyfriend refute police testimony Seattle Pi Feb 28 2009
  276. Staff Le parole dell'ispettore Ficarra: "Amanda disse 'Ti faccio un regalo'" La Nazione Feb 28 2009
  277. Staff Delitto Meredith: Amanda e Raffaele: «Siamo stati maltrattati in Questura» Corriere Della Sera Feb 28 2009
  278. Popham, Peter. Shoe print discovered under victim 'links Knox to crime scene' The Independent March 1 2009
  279. Staff. Meredith, da Amanda e Sollecito accuse in aula contro la Questura L'Unione Sarda Feb 28 2009
  280. Popham, Peter. Shoe print discovered under victim 'links Knox to crime scene' The Independent March 1 2009
  281. Staff. Meredith, da Amanda e Sollecito accuse in aula contro la Questura L'Unione Sarda Feb 28 2009
  282. Amanda Knox's Confession#Amanda's Statement to the Police
  283. Staff. Delitto Meredith: Amanda e Raffaele: «Siamo stati maltrattati in Questura» Corriere della Sera Feb 28 2009
  284. Staff Raffaele Sollecito ha preso la parola "Non ho potuto chiamare l'avvocato" La Nazione Feb 28 2009
  285. Staff. Delitto Meredith: Amanda e Raffaele: «Siamo stati maltrattati in Questura» Corriere della Sera Feb 28 2009
  286. Staff Raffaele Sollecito ha preso la parola "Non ho potuto chiamare l'avvocato" La Nazione Feb 28 2009
  287. Staff. Delitto Meredith: Amanda e Raffaele: «Siamo stati maltrattati in Questura» Corriere della Sera Feb 28 2009
  288. Staff Raffaele Sollecito ha preso la parola "Non ho potuto chiamare l'avvocato" La Nazione Feb 28 2009
  289. Vogt, Angrea Knox, ex-boyfriend refute police testimony Seatle Pi Feb 28 2009
  290. Vogt, Angrea Knox, ex-boyfriend refute police testimony Seatle Pi Feb 28 2009
  291. Vogt, Angrea Knox, ex-boyfriend refute police testimony Seatle Pi Feb 28 2009
  292. Vogt, Angrea Knox, ex-boyfriend refute police testimony Seatle Pi Feb 28 2009
  293. Vogt, Angrea Knox, ex-boyfriend refute police testimony Seatle Pi Feb 28 2009
  294. Vogt, Angrea Knox, ex-boyfriend refute police testimony Seatle Pi Feb 28 2009
  295. Vogt, Angrea Knox, ex-boyfriend refute police testimony Seatle Pi Feb 28 2009
  296. Vogt, Angrea Knox, ex-boyfriend refute police testimony Seatle Pi Feb 28 2009
  297. Vogt, Angrea Knox, ex-boyfriend refute police testimony Seatle Pi Feb 28 2009
  298. Vogt, Angrea Knox, ex-boyfriend refute police testimony Seatle Pi Feb 28 2009
  299. Mauro Barbadori's Testimony
  300. Mauro Barbadori's Testimony
  301. Mauro Barbadori's Testimony
  302. Mauro Barbadori's Testimony
  303. Mauro Barbadori's Testimony
  304. Mauro Barbadori's Testimony
  305. Mauro Barbadori's Testimony
  306. Mauro Barbadori's Testimony
  307. Mauro Barbadori's Testimony
  308. Raffaele Sollecito's Alibi
  309. Mauro Barbadori's Testimony
  310. Mauro Barbadori's Testimony
  311. Mauro Barbadori's Testimony
  312. Daniele Moscatelli's Testimony
  313. Daniele Moscatelli's Testimony
  314. Daniele Moscatelli's Testimony
  315. Daniele Moscatelli's Testimony
  316. Daniele Moscatelli's Testimony
  317. Daniele Moscatelli's Testimony
  318. Daniele Moscatelli's Testimony
  319. Daniele Moscatelli's Testimony
  320. Daniele Moscatelli's Testimony
  321. Daniele Moscatelli's Testimony
  322. Daniele Moscatelli's Testimony
  323. Daniele Moscatelli's Testimony
  324. Daniele Moscatelli's Testimony
  325. Daniele Moscatelli's Testimony
  326. Daniele Moscatelli's Testimony
  327. Fabio D'Astolto's Testimony (English)
  328. Fabio D'Astolto's Testimony (English)
  329. Fabio D'Astolto's Testimony (English)
  330. Fabio D'Astolto's Testimony (English)#head_smash
  331. Aida Colantone's Testimony
  332. Aida Colantone's Testimony
  333. Aida Colantone's Testimony
  334. Aida Colantone's Testimony
  335. Aida Colantone's Testimony
  336. Aida Colantone's Testimony
  337. Aida Colantone's Testimony
  338. Aida Colantone's Testimony
  339. Aida Colantone's Testimony
  340. Aida Colantone's Testimony
  341. Aida Colantone's Testimony
  342. Aida Colantone's Testimony
  343. Aida Colantone's Testimony
  344. Aida Colantone's Testimony
  345. Aida Colantone's Testimony
  346. Aida Colantone's Testimony
  347. Aida Colantone's Testimony
  348. Anna Donnino's Testimony
  349. Anna Donnino's Testimony
  350. Anna Donnino's Testimony
  351. Anna Donnino's Testimony
  352. Anna Donnino's Testimony
  353. Anna Donnino's Testimony
  354. Anna Donnino's Testimony
  355. Anna Donnino's Testimony
  356. Anna Donnino's Testimony
  357. Amanda Knox's Testimony
  358. Anna Donnino's Testimony
  359. Anna Donnino's Testimony
  360. Anna Donnino's Testimony
  361. Anna Donnino's Testimony
  362. Anna Donnino's Testimony
  363. Anna Donnino's Testimony
  364. Raffaele Sollecito's Alibi#Version 2.0|Raffaele Sollecito's Statement to Police]]
  365. Anna Donnino's Testimony
  366. Anna Donnino's Testimony
  367. Anna Donnino's Testimony
  368. Anna Donnino's Testimony
  369. Anna Donnino's Testimony
  370. Oreste Volturno's Testimony (English)
  371. Oreste Volturno's Testimony (English)
  372. Oreste Volturno's Testimony (English)
  373. Oreste Volturno's Testimony (English)
  374. Editing Oreste Volturno's Testimony (English)
  375. Oreste Volturno's Testimony (English)
  376. Oreste Volturno's Testimony (English)
  377. Oreste Volturno's Testimony (English)
  378. Oreste Volturno's Testimony (English)
  379. Oreste Volturno's Testimony (English)
  380. Oreste Volturno's Testimony (English)
  381. Oreste Volturno's Testimony (English)
  382. Oreste Volturno's Testimony (English)
  383. Amanda Knox's Spontaneous Declarations#March 13, 2009
  384. Amanda Knox's Spontaneous Declarations#March 13, 2009
  385. Amanda Knox's Spontaneous Declarations#March 13, 2009
  386. Amanda Knox's Spontaneous Declarations#March 13, 2009
  387. Amanda Knox's Spontaneous Declarations#March 13, 2009
  388. Amanda Knox's Spontaneous Declarations#March 13, 2009
  389. Squires, Nick. Amanda Knox trial: police cast doubt on computer alibi The Telegraph March 14 2009
  390. Moore, Malcolm. Meredith's flatmate told mother 'I feel on edge' The Telegraph Nov 17 2007
  391. Staff. Riprende l'udienza in Corte d'Assise La prima testimone è una docente: "Amanda, una studentessa diligente" La Nazione March 14 2009
  392. Moore, Malcolm. Meredith's flatmate told mother 'I feel on edge' The Telegraph Nov 17 2007
  393. Squires, Nick. Amanda Knox trial: police cast doubt on computer alibi The Telegraph March 14 2009
  394. Squires, Nick. Amanda Knox trial: police cast doubt on computer alibi The Telegraph March 14 2009
  395. Staff PC tests 'disprove' Kercher alibi BBC March 14 2009
  396. Squires, Nick Amanda Knox trial: police cast doubt on computer alibi The Telegraph March 14 2009
  397. Staff PC tests 'disprove' Kercher alibi BBC March 14 2009
  398. Squires, Nick Amanda Knox trial: police cast doubt on computer alibi The Telegraph March 14 2009
  399. Staff Omicidio Meredith, da esame computer dubbi su Sollecito Reuters Italia March 14 2009
  400. Staff Omicidio Meredith, da esame computer dubbi su Sollecito Reuters Italia March 14 2009
  401. Squires, Nick Amanda Knox trial: police cast doubt on computer alibi The Telegraph March 14 2009
  402. Staff PC tests 'disprove' Kercher alibi BBC March 14 2009
  403. Staff PC tests 'disprove' Kercher alibi BBC March 14 2009
  404. Rizzo, Allessandra Knox trial: Defendants' cellphones were off night of slaying The Seattle Times March 21 2009
  405. Rizzo, Alessandra. Knox trial: Defendants' cellphones were off night of slaying The Seattle Times March 21 2009
  406. Wise, Ann Knox Prosecutors Cite Sketchy Phone Use ABC News March 20 2009
  407. Rizzo, Alessandra. Knox trial: Defendants' cellphones were off night of slaying The Seattle Times March 21 2009
  408. Staff Meredith, l'sms di Amanda a Lumumba Periti: cellulari muti la notte del delitto Il Messagero March 20 2009
  409. Rizzo, Alessandra. Knox trial: Defendants' cellphones were off night of slaying The Seattle Times March 21 2009
  410. Staff Meredith, l'sms di Amanda a Lumumba Periti: cellulari muti la notte del delitto Il Messagero March 20 2009
  411. Wise, Ann Knox Prosecutors Cite Sketchy Phone Use ABC News March 20 2009
  412. Rizzo, Alessandra. Knox trial: Defendants' cellphones were off night of slaying The Seattle Times March 21 2009
  413. Rizzo, Alessandra. Knox trial: Defendants' cellphones were off night of slaying The Seattle Times March 21 2009
  414. Rizzo, Alessandra. Knox trial: Defendants' cellphones were off night of slaying The Seattle Times March 21 2009
  415. Rizzo, Allessandra Knox trial: Defendants' cellphones were off night of slaying The Seatle Times March 21 2009
  416. Associated Press. Witness Contradicts 'Sex Game' Murder Suspect's Story Fox News March 21 2009
  417. Apcom. Omicidio Meredith, rubato il materasso della vittima L'Eco Di Bergama March 21 2009
  418. Associated Press. Witness Contradicts 'Sex Game' Murder Suspect's Story Fox News March 21 2009
  419. Apcom. Omicidio Meredith, rubato il materasso della vittima L'Eco Di Bergama March 21 2009
  420. Apcom. Omicidio Meredith, rubato il materasso della vittima L'Eco Di Bergama March 21 2009
  421. Apcom. Omicidio Meredith, rubato il materasso della vittima L'Eco Di Bergama March 21 2009
  422. Apcom. Omicidio Meredith, rubato il materasso della vittima L'Eco Di Bergama March 21 2009
  423. Staff cquisito come nuova prova l'sms che Amanda ha mandato a Lumumba La Nazione March 20 2009
  424. Staff MEREDITH: UDIENZA RIPRESA, IN AULA CONOSCENTE IMPUTATI Barbi Republic March 21 2009
  425. Wise, Ann Shopkeeper Says He Saw Knox After MurderABC News March 21 2009
  426. Staff MEREDITH: UDIENZA RIPRESA, IN AULA CONOSCENTE IMPUTATI Barbi Republic March 21 2009
  427. Staff MEREDITH: UDIENZA RIPRESA, IN AULA CONOSCENTE IMPUTATI Barbi Republic March 21 2009
  428. Wise, Ann Shopkeeper Says He Saw Knox After MurderABC News March 21 2009
  429. Staff MEREDITH: UDIENZA RIPRESA, IN AULA CONOSCENTE IMPUTATI Barbi Republic March 21 2009
  430. Wise, Ann Shopkeeper Says He Saw Knox After MurderABC News March 21 2009
  431. Staff MEREDITH: UDIENZA RIPRESA, IN AULA CONOSCENTE IMPUTATI Barbi Republic March 21 2009
  432. Staff MEREDITH: TESTE, URTATA DA RAGAZZO DI COLORE VICINO ALLA CASA Sport Oggi March 21 2009
  433. Staff MEREDITH: TESTE, URTATA DA RAGAZZO DI COLORE VICINO ALLA CASA Sport Oggi March 21 2009
  434. Staff MEREDITH: TESTE, URTATA DA RAGAZZO DI COLORE VICINO ALLA CASA Sport Oggi March 21 2009
  435. Associated Press.Witness Contradicts 'Sex Game' Murder Suspect's Story Fox News March 21 2009
  436. Acquarone, Andrea. Nuovo giallo nella casa del delitto Rubato il materasso di Meredith il Giornale March 21 3009
  437. Associated Press.Witness Contradicts 'Sex Game' Murder Suspect's Story Fox News March 21 2009
  438. Associated Press.Witness Contradicts 'Sex Game' Murder Suspect's Story Fox News March 21 2009
  439. Associated Press.Witness Contradicts 'Sex Game' Murder Suspect's Story Fox News March 21 2009
  440. Staff Amanda Knox Account Thrown Into Doubt Shy News March 21 2009
  441. Staff Omicidio Meredith, scomparso materasso vittima Reuters March 21 2009
  442. Staff Amanda Knox Account Thrown Into Doubt Shy News March 21 2009
  443. Staff Amanda Knox Account Thrown Into Doubt Shy News March 21 2009
  444. Staff Amanda Knox Account Thrown Into Doubt Shy News March 21 2009
  445. Staff Omicidio Meredith, scomparso materasso vittima Reuters March 21 2009
  446. Wise, Ann Shopkeeper Says He Saw Knox After Murder ABC News March 21 2009
  447. Staff Omicidio Meredith, scomparso materasso vittima Reuters March 21 2009
  448. Wise, Ann Shopkeeper Says He Saw Knox After Murder ABC News March 21 2009
  449. Staff Omicidio Meredith, scomparso materasso vittima Reuters March 21 2009
  450. Wise, Ann Shopkeeper Says He Saw Knox After Murder ABC News March 21 2009
  451. Staff. MEREDITH: TESTE, URTATA DA RAGAZZO DI COLORE VICINO ALLA CASA AGI March 21 2009
  452. Wise, Ann Shopkeeper Says He Saw Knox After Murder ABC News March 21 2009
  453. Wise, Ann Shopkeeper Says He Saw Knox After Murder ABC News March 21 2009
  454. Fabrizio Angelucci's Testimony
  455. Fabrizio Angelucci's Testimony
  456. Fabrizio Angelucci's Testimony
  457. Staff Per Amanda in carcere infradito, cd e libri Gazzetta di Parma
  458. Wise, Ann. Knox Trial Witnesses Heard Scream ABC News March 27 2009
  459. Staff Per Amanda in carcere infradito, cd e libri Gazzetta di Parma
  460. Staff Per Amanda in carcere infradito, cd e libri Gazzetta di Parma
  461. Vogt, Andrea. Knox trial: Neighbor said she heard scream, but not sure when Seattle Pi March 28 2009
  462. Wise, Ann. Knox Trial Witnesses Heard Scream ABC News March 27 2009
  463. Vogt, Andrea. Knox trial: Neighbor said she heard scream, but not sure when Seattle Pi March 28 2009
  464. Wise, Ann. Knox Trial Witnesses Heard Scream ABC News March 27 2009
  465. Vogt, Andrea. Knox trial: Neighbor said she heard scream, but not sure when Seattle Pi March 28 2009
  466. Wise, Ann. Knox Trial Witnesses Heard Scream ABC News March 27 2009
  467. Vogt, Andrea. Knox trial: Neighbor said she heard scream, but not sure when Seattle Pi March 28 2009
  468. Vogt, Andrea. Knox trial: Neighbor said she heard scream, but not sure when Seattle Pi March 28 2009
  469. Vogt, Andrea. Knox trial: Neighbor said she heard scream, but not sure when Seattle Pi March 28 2009
  470. Vogt, Andrea. Knox trial: Neighbor said she heard scream, but not sure when Seattle Pi March 28 2009
  471. Vogt, Andrea. Knox trial: Neighbor said she heard scream, but not sure when Seattle Pi March 28 2009
  472. Wise, Ann. Knox Trial Witnesses Heard Scream ABC News March 27 2009
  473. Wise, Ann. Knox Trial Witnesses Heard Scream ABC News March 27 2009
  474. Vogt, Andrea. Knox trial: Neighbor said she heard scream, but not sure when Seattle Pi March 28 2009
  475. Wise, Ann. Knox Trial Witnesses Heard Scream ABC News March 27 2009
  476. Wise, Ann. Knox Trial Witnesses Heard Scream ABC News March 27 2009
  477. Wise, Ann. Knox Trial Witnesses Heard Scream ABC News March 27 2009
  478. Wise, Ann. Knox Trial Witnesses Heard Scream ABC News March 27 2009
  479. Wise, Ann. Knox Trial Witnesses Heard Scream ABC News March 27 2009
  480. Vogt, Andrea. Knox trial: Neighbor said she heard scream, but not sure when Seattle Pi March 28 2009
  481. Vogt, Andrea. Knox trial: Neighbor said she heard scream, but not sure when Seattle Pi March 28 2009
  482. Vogt, Andrea. Knox trial: Neighbor said she heard scream, but not sure when Seattle Pi March 28 2009
  483. Vogt, Andrea. Knox trial: Neighbor said she heard scream, but not sure when Seattle Pi March 28 2009
  484. Wise, Ann. Knox Trial Witnesses Heard Scream ABC News March 27 2009
  485. Vogt, Andrea. Knox trial: Neighbor said she heard scream, but not sure when Seattle Pi March 28 2009
  486. Vogt, Andrea. Knox trial: Neighbor said she heard scream, but not sure when Seattle Pi March 28 2009
  487. Vogt, Andrea. Knox trial: Neighbor said she heard scream, but not sure when Seattle Pi March 28 2009
  488. Vogt, Andrea. Knox trial: Neighbor said she heard scream, but not sure when Seattle Pi March 28 2009
  489. Vogt, Andrea. Knox trial: Neighbor said she heard scream, but not sure when Seattle Pi March 28 2009
  490. Vogt, Andrea. Knox trial: Neighbor said she heard scream, but not sure when Seattle Pi March 28 2009
  491. Wise, Ann. Knox Trial Witnesses Heard Scream ABC News March 27 2009
  492. Wise, Ann. Knox Trial Witnesses Heard Scream ABC News March 27 2009
  493. Wise, Ann. Knox Trial Witnesses Heard Scream ABC News March 27 2009
  494. Capponi, Alessandro Amanda e Raffaele, spunta un alibi Corriere Della Sere March 29 2009
  495. Antonio Curatolo's Testimony
  496. Capponi, Alessandro Amanda e Raffaele, spunta un alibi Corriere Della Sere March 29 2009
  497. Pisa Nick. Amanda Knox and Raffaele Sollecito 'seen chatting' on night Meredith Kercher murdered The Telegraph March 28 2009
  498. Wise, Ann. Homeless Man Puts Knox Near Crime Scene ABC News March 28 2009
  499. Pisa Nick. Amanda Knox and Raffaele Sollecito 'seen chatting' on night Meredith Kercher murdered The Telegraph March 28 2009
  500. Capponi, Alessandro Amanda e Raffaele, spunta un alibi Corriere Della Sera March 29 2009
  501. R.R. Meredith, e' la volta del clochard: vidi Sollecito e Amanda vicino alla casa La Voce March 28 2009
  502. Associated Press Witness Says He Saw 'Sex Games' Murder Suspect Wave Knife Fox News March 28 2009
  503. Associated Press Witness Says He Saw 'Sex Games' Murder Suspect Wave Knife Fox News March 28 2009
  504. Staff Meredith, parla Sollecito: "Guede? Mai incontrato" il Giornale March 28 2009
  505. Staff Omicidio Meredith, Sollecito contesta teste: non conosco Rudy Reuters Italia March 28 2009
  506. Antonio Aiello's Testimony - direct
  507. Antonio Aiello's Testimony - Prosecution redirect
  508. Antonio Aiello's Testimony - direct
  509. Antonio Aiello's Testimony - direct
  510. Antonio Aiello's Testimony - direct
  511. Antonio Aiello's Testimony - direct
  512. Antonio Aiello's Testimony - direct
  513. Antonio Aiello's Testimony - direct
  514. Antonio Aiello's Testimony - direct
  515. Antonio Aiello's Testimony - direct
  516. Antonio Aiello's Testimony - direct
  517. Antonio Aiello's Testimony - direct
  518. Antonio Aiello's Testimony - Dalla Vedova cross-examination
  519. Antonio Aiello's Testimony - Maori cross-examination
  520. Antonio Aiello's Testimony - Bongiorno cross-examination
  521. Antonio Aiello's Testimony - Bongiorno cross-examination
  522. Antonio Aiello's Testimony - Maori cross-examination
  523. Antonio Aiello's Testimony - Dalla Vedova cross-examination
  524. Antonio Aiello's Testimony - Dalla Vedova cross-examination
  525. Hekuran Kokomani's Testimony - Direct
  526. Wise, Ann. Homeless Man Puts Knox Near Crime Scene ABC News March 28 2009
  527. Wise, Ann. Homeless Man Puts Knox Near Crime Scene ABC News March 28 2009
  528. Hekuran Kokomani's Testimony - Direct
  529. Hekuran Kokomani's Testimony - Direct
  530. Hekuran Kokomani's Testimony - Direct
  531. Hekuran Kokomani's Testimony - Direct
  532. Hekuran Kokomani's Testimony - Direct
  533. Hekuran Kokomani's Testimony - Direct
  534. Hekuran Kokomani's Testimony - Direct
  535. Hekuran Kokomani's Testimony - Direct
  536. Hekuran Kokomani's Testimony - Direct
  537. Hekuran Kokomani's Testimony - Direct
  538. Hekuran Kokomani's Testimony - Direct
  539. Hekuran Kokomani's Testimony - Direct
  540. Hekuran Kokomani's Testimony - Direct
  541. Hekuran Kokomani's Testimony - Bongiorno Cross-examination
  542. Hekuran Kokomani's Testimony - Bongiorno Cross-examination
  543. Hekuran Kokomani's Testimony - Bongiorno Cross-examination
  544. Hekuran Kokomani's Testimony - Bongiorno Cross-examination
  545. Hekuran Kokomani's Testimony - Bongiorno Cross-examination
  546. Hekuran Kokomani's Testimony - Bongiorno Cross-examination
  547. Hekuran Kokomani's Testimony - Bongiorno Cross-examination
  548. Hekuran Kokomani's Testimony - Bongiorno Cross-examination
  549. Hekuran Kokomani's Testimony - Bongiorno Cross-examination
  550. Hekuran Kokomani's Testimony - Bongiorno Cross-examination
  551. Hekuran Kokomani's Testimony - Bongiorno Cross-examination
  552. Hekuran Kokomani's Testimony - Bongiorno Cross-examination
  553. Hekuran Kokomani's Testimony - Bongiorno Cross-examination
  554. Hekuran Kokomani's Testimony - Bongiorno Cross-examination
  555. Hekuran Kokomani's Testimony - Bongiorno Cross-examination
  556. Hekuran Kokomani's Testimony - Bongiorno Cross-examination
  557. Hekuran Kokomani's Testimony - Direct
  558. Hekuran Kokomani's Testimony - Dalla Vedova Cross-examination
  559. Antonio Aiello's Testimony
  560. Hekuran Kokomani's Testimony - Dalla Vedova Cross-examination
  561. Hekuran Kokomani's Testimony - Dalla Vedova Cross-examination
  562. Staff Meredith violentata, omicidio a più mani, dice consulente accusa Reuters Italia April 4 2009
  563. Wise, Ann. Convict Opts for Silence at Knox Trial ABC News April 4 2009
  564. Wise, Ann. Convict Opts for Silence at Knox Trial ABC News April 4 2009
  565. Wise, Ann. Convict Opts for Silence at Knox Trial ABC News April 4 2009
  566. Wise, Ann. Convict Opts for Silence at Knox Trial ABC News April 4 2009
  567. Staff Meredith violentata, omicidio a più mani, dice consulente accusa Reuters Italia April 4 2009
  568. Wise, Ann. Convict Opts for Silence at Knox Trial ABC News April 4 2009
  569. Wise, Ann. Convict Opts for Silence at Knox Trial ABC News April 4 2009
  570. Nadeau, Barbie What the Rapist Had to Say The Daily Beast April 5 2009
  571. Wise, Ann. Convict Opts for Silence at Knox Trial ABC News April 4 2009
  572. Falconi, Marta Knox case: Examiner says multiple attackers The Seattle Times April 5 2009
  573. Staff. Meredith violentata, omicidio a più mani, dice consulente accusa Reuters Italia April 4 2009
  574. Wise, Ann. Convict Opts for Silence at Knox Trial ABC News April 4 2009
  575. Kington, Tom Meredith Kercher was victim of group sex attack, Italian court told The Guardian Spril 5 2009
  576. Falconi, Marta. Knox case: Examiner says multiple attackers Seattle Times April 5 2009
  577. Wise, Ann. Convict Opts for Silence at Knox Trial ABC News April 4 2009
  578. Pietro Boemia's Testimony (English)
  579. Pietro Boemia's Testimony (English)
  580. Pietro Boemia's Testimony (English)
  581. Pietro Boemia's Testimony (English)
  582. Pietro Boemia's Testimony (English)
  583. Pietro Boemia's Testimony (English)
  584. Pietro Boemia's Testimony (English)
  585. Pietro Boemia's Testimony (English)
  586. Pietro Boemia's Testimony (English)
  587. Pietro Boemia's Testimony (English)
  588. Pietro Boemia's Testimony (English)
  589. Pietro Boemia's Testimony (English)
  590. Pietro Boemia's Testimony (English)
  591. Pietro Boemia's Testimony (English)
  592. Pietro Boemia's Testimony (English)
  593. Pietro Boemia's Testimony (English)
  594. Pietro Boemia's Testimony (English)
  595. Pietro Boemia's Testimony (English)
  596. Pietro Boemia's Testimony (English)
  597. Pietro Boemia's Testimony (English)
  598. Pietro Boemia's Testimony (English)
  599. Pietro Boemia's Testimony (English)
  600. Francesco Sollecito's Testimony
  601. Francesco Sollecito's Testimony
  602. Francesco Sollecito's Testimony
  603. Francesco Sollecito's Testimony
  604. Francesco Sollecito's Testimony
  605. Francesco Sollecito's Testimony
  606. Francesco Sollecito's Testimony
  607. Francesco Sollecito's Testimony
  608. Francesco Sollecito's Testimony
  609. Francesco Sollecito's Testimony
  610. Francesco Sollecito's Testimony
  611. Francesco Sollecito's Testimony
  612. Francesco Sollecito's Testimony
  613. Francesco Sollecito's Testimony
  614. Francesco Sollecito's Testimony
  615. Francesco Sollecito's Testimony
  616. Francesco Sollecito's Testimony
  617. Francesco Sollecito's Testimony
  618. Francesco Sollecito's Testimony
  619. Matteini Hearing (English)
  620. Francesco Sollecito's Testimony
  621. Francesco Sollecito's Testimony
  622. Francesco Sollecito's Testimony
  623. Francesco Sollecito's Testimony
  624. Francesco Sollecito's Testimony
  625. Francesco Sollecito's Testimony
  626. Francesco Sollecito's Testimony
  627. Francesco Sollecito's Testimony
  628. Raffaele Sollecito's Statement to Police
  629. Marco Miccolini's Testimony
  630. Marco Miccolini's Testimony
  631. Marco Miccolini's Testimony
  632. Marco Miccolini's Testimony
  633. Marco Miccolini's Testimony
  634. Marco Miccolini's Testimony
  635. Marco Miccolini's Testimony
  636. Sara Boccali's Testimony
  637. Sara Boccali's Testimony
  638. Sara Boccali's Testimony
  639. Sara Boccali's Testimony
  640. Sara Boccali's Testimony
  641. Sara Boccali's Testimony
  642. Carmela Occhipinti's Testimony
  643. Carmela Occhipinti's Testimony
  644. Carmela Occhipinti's Testimony
  645. Carmela Occhipinti's Testimony
  646. Carmela Occhipinti's Testimony
  647. Carmela Occhipinti's Testimony
  648. Carmela Occhipinti's Testimony
  649. Carmela Occhipinti's Testimony
  650. Carmela Occhipinti's Testimony
  651. Carmela Occhipinti's Testimony
  652. Carmela Occhipinti's Testimony
  653. Matteo Palazzoli's Testimony
  654. Matteo Palazzoli's Testimony
  655. Matteo Palazzoli's Testimony
  656. Matteo Palazzoli's Testimony
  657. Matteo Palazzoli's Testimony
  658. Matteo Palazzoli's Testimony
  659. Matteo Palazzoli's Testimony
  660. Raffaele Argiro's Testimony (English)
  661. Raffaele Argiro's Testimony (English)
  662. Raffaele Argiro's Testimony (English)
  663. Raffaele Argiro's Testimony (English)
  664. Raffaele Argiro's Testimony (English)
  665. Raffaele Argiro's Testimony (English)
  666. Pietro Campolongo's Testimony (English)#Pietro Campolongo's Testimony
  667. Pietro Campolongo's Testimony (English)#Pietro Campolongo's Testimony
  668. Pietro Campolongo's Testimony (English)#Pietro Campolongo's Testimony
  669. Pietro Campolongo's Testimony (English)#Pietro Campolongo's Testimony
  670. Pietro Campolongo's Testimony (English)#Pietro Campolongo's Testimony
  671. Pietro Campolongo's Testimony (English)#Pietro Campolongo's Testimony
  672. Pietro Campolongo's Testimony (English)#Pietro Campolongo's Testimony
  673. Pietro Campolongo's Testimony (English)#Pietro Campolongo's Testimony
  674. Pietro Campolongo's Testimony (English)#Pietro Campolongo's Testimony
  675. Pietro Campolongo's Testimony (English)#Pietro Campolongo's Testimony
  676. Pietro Campolongo's Testimony (English)#Pietro Campolongo's Testimony
  677. Pietro Campolongo's Testimony (English)#Pietro Campolongo's Testimony
  678. Maurizio Taglialatela's Testimony
  679. Maurizio Taglialatela's Testimony
  680. Maurizio Taglialatela's Testimony
  681. Maurizio Taglialatela's Testimony
  682. Maurizio Taglialatela's Testimony
  683. Maurizio Taglialatela's Testimony
  684. Maurizio Taglialatela's Testimony
  685. Giancarlo Umani Ronchi's Testimony
  686. Giancarlo Umani Ronchi's Testimony
  687. Giancarlo Umani Ronchi's Testimony
  688. Giancarlo Umani Ronchi's Testimony
  689. Giancarlo Umani Ronchi's Testimony
  690. Giancarlo Umani Ronchi's Testimony
  691. Giancarlo Umani Ronchi's Testimony
  692. Giancarlo Umani Ronchi's Testimony
  693. Giancarlo Umani Ronchi's Testimony
  694. Giancarlo Umani Ronchi's Testimony
  695. Giancarlo Umani Ronchi's Testimony
  696. Giancarlo Umani Ronchi's Testimony
  697. Giancarlo Umani Ronchi's Testimony
  698. Giancarlo Umani Ronchi's Testimony
  699. Giancarlo Umani Ronchi's Testimony
  700. Giancarlo Umani Ronchi's Testimony
  701. Giancarlo Umani Ronchi's Testimony
  702. Giancarlo Umani Ronchi's Testimony
  703. Giancarlo Umani Ronchi's Testimony
  704. Anna Aprile's Testimony
  705. Anna Aprile's Testimony
  706. Anna Aprile's Testimony
  707. Anna Aprile's Testimony
  708. Anna Aprile's Testimony
  709. Anna Aprile's Testimony
  710. Anna Aprile's Testimony
  711. Anna Aprile's Testimony
  712. Anna Aprile's Testimony
  713. Associated Press. Court Rejects Defense Bid for New Evidence in Knox Trial Fox News October 9 2009
  714. Staff Mez, riprende il processo Chiesta superperizia sul Dna La Nazione October 9 2009
  715. Pisa, Nick. Meredith: Call For Evidence Review Dismissed Sky News October 10 2009
  716. Staff Mez, riprende il processo Chiesta superperizia sul Dna La Nazione October 9 2009
  717. Vogt, Andrea Court rejects independent review of Knox evidence; verdict could come before Christmas SeatlePi October 8 2009
  718. Staff Mez, riprende il processo Chiesta superperizia sul Dna La Nazione October 9 2009
  719. Pisa, Nick. Meredith: Call For Evidence Review Dismissed Sky News October 10 2009
  720. Staff Mez, riprende il processo Chiesta superperizia sul Dna La Nazione October 9 2009
  721. Staff Mez, riprende il processo Chiesta superperizia sul Dna La Nazione October 9 2009
  722. Vogt, Andrea Court rejects independent review of Knox evidence; verdict could come before Christmas SeatlePi October 8 2009
  723. Pisa, Nick. Meredith: Call For Evidence Review Dismissed Sky News October 10 2009
  724. Staff Mez, riprende il processo Chiesta superperizia sul Dna La Nazione October 9 2009
  725. Staff Mez, riprende il processo Chiesta superperizia sul Dna La Nazione October 9 2009
  726. Staff Mez, riprende il processo Chiesta superperizia sul Dna La Nazione October 9 2009
  727. Pietro Boemia's Testimony and Dr. Lorenzo Rinaldi's Testimony
  728. Vogt, Andrea Court rejects independent review of Knox evidence; verdict could come before Christmas SeatlePi October 8 2009
  729. Vogt, Andrea Court rejects independent review of Knox evidence; verdict could come before Christmas SeatlePi October 8 2009
  730. Staff Mez, riprende il processo Chiesta superperizia sul Dna La Nazione October 9 2009
  731. Raffaele Sollecito's Statement To Police
  732. Massie Trial February 6, 2009
  733. Mauro Barbadonri's Testimony (English)|Mauro Barbadonri's Testimony
  734. Mauro Barbadonri's Testimony (English)|Mauro Barbadonri's Testimony
  735. Vogt, Andrea Court rejects independent review of Knox evidence; verdict could come before Christmas SeatlePi October 8 2009
  736. Vogt, Andrea Court rejects independent review of Knox evidence; verdict could come before Christmas SeatlePi October 8 2009
  737. Vogt, Andrea Court rejects independent review of Knox evidence; verdict could come before Christmas SeatlePi October 8 2009
  738. Vogt, Andrea Court rejects independent review of Knox evidence; verdict could come before Christmas SeatlePi October 8 2009
  739. Please see any of the defense experts in the Primary Sources section. Specifically skip to the cross-examination of the defense experts and you'll see that they are evasive, refuse to answer questions posed to them, and they offer alternative explanations for the evidence that no reasonable person would accept as possible.
  740. Vogt, Andrea Court rejects independent review of Knox evidence; verdict could come before Christmas SeatlePi October 8 2009
  741. Pisa, Nick. Meredith: Call For Evidence Review Dismissed Sky News October 10 2009