Does Amanda Knox's Account of the Morning of Nov 2 Sound Believable?

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The Mop

Knox and Sollecito claim that they needed a mop to clean up a water spill from the night before. This is a lie. The water spill was mentioned in Raffaele's 8:42pm phone conversation with his father the previous night. As such 13-14 hours had passed since the water spilled. It is impossible under any realistic scenario for there to be any water left to clean after that much time has passed. The rate of evaporation is a function of surface area so a large spill on the floor takes only slightly longer than a small spill because unconstrained water will just spread out. The calculation for the rate of evaporation is easy to do and even if you give Knox and Sollecito the most generous assumptions for the unknown variables it is still impossible. There was no water to clean up in the morning so no need for a mop.

So why did they lie? We don't know. The mop was tested and nothing related to the murder was found. As such this remains a mystery. We know that Knox and Sollecito are lying about needing a mop that morning but not why this is important. One possible explanation is that there was more than one mop and that the other mop was disposed of. Possibly they were afraid that someone had seen Knox transporting that mop that morning so they made up the story about needing to clean up the spill as a way to explain any potential witnesses coming forward and stating that the saw them with a mop that morning.

The Open Front Door

Amanda arrives at the cottage to find her front door wide open. Knox claims that this did not alarm her since the door had issues. The cottage is in an sketchy area of Perugia. The parking lot next to the house is often used for drug deals and needles and other drug paraphernalia are just discarded so Knox would be aware that this is not the safest neighborhood. She also knows that two of her three roommates are away for the holiday so she and Meredith were the only two people who could have left the door improperly closed. Knox is a young female in a foreign country and you would expect her to be a little more concerned and maybe at least check all the rooms to make sure that no one is in the house. Knox claims to have not been concerned.

The Missing Lamp

Amanda Knox Room.jpeg
Amanda Knox's room was the smallest of all the rooms, and had no ceiling light. A black lamp on Knox's night table is her only source of light. As you can see from this picture taken from the door when you enter Knox's room you would be facing the night table that would normally have Amanda's lamp. On the morning of November 2nd that lamp was missing. The lamp would be found on the floor of Meredith's locked bedroom. Amanda explained that the light from her window was sufficient so she had no need to use the lamp so did not notice it was missing. Amanda by her own account enters her room at least three times that morning. It is impossible to make claims about what someone would or wouldn't have noticed. Given the size of the room one would expect Amanda to notice that the lamp was missing but maybe she was distracted.

The lamp ending up in Meredith's room is also a mystery. Meredith had her own lamp and her room had fixed lighting as well. It is very unlikely that Meredith would have borrowed Amanda's lamp. Meredith knew it was the only light source Amanda had so with the lamp gone if Knox had returned at night she would have been left without a light source. Further, Meredith and Amanda's relationship was conflicted so it is unlikely Meredith would have borrowed anything from Amanda. The position of the lamp when it was found in Meredith's room also implies that it wasn't used in the traditional way but rather to illuminate the floor. It is our contention that the most likely reason for the lamp being present in Meredith's room is that it was used as a spotlight during the cleaning and staging of the body that was then forgotten.

Taking a Shower After Discovering Blood

Where Knox's story crosses the line into unbelievable is with her decision to take a shower after discovering blood in that bathroom. At this point Knox has already returned to her house after being away for the night and knowing that two of her three roommates were also away to discover a completely open front door. She ignores that but now she is in a bathroom where there is a considerable amount of blood on the bathmat in the shape of a foot and some blood on the faucet of the sink. Blood that by Knox's own testimony she knows was not there the previous day.

Knox not only ignores that blood, at the conclusion of her shower when she realizes that all the towels are missing instead of just returning to her room dripping some water she instead decides to use a bathmat that is soiled with someone else's blood to stand on and slide back to her room. This use of the bathmat was a late addition to Amanda's story. Knox added the bathmat shuffle in a letter to her lawyer just before the hallway was going to be tested by the forensic police. When Luminol was applied to the hallway it revealed both Knox and Sollecito's footprints and DNA testing discovered Amanda and Meredith's DNA in a mixed sample in one of the footprints. It seems pretty obvious that no one would use a bathmat with blood on it the way Knox describes and that she fabricated this story in an effort to explain the anticipated results of the forensic tests.

Images of Knox taken hours after her alleged shower show do not depict what a girl who has showered and blow-dried her hair should look like. The police also claimed that Knox had body odor which led to them questioning the her claim that she had just recently showered. In addition Amy Frost testified that hours after the body was discovered Amanda Knox told her that she never took a shower, that she had noticed the blood and this stopped her from showering.[1]

The Feces in the Toilet

After Amanda makes it to her room. She gets dressed and returns the bloody bathmat to the bathroom. Knox then claims she went to the bathroom that was shared by the other two roommates, Filomena and Laura, to use their hairdryer. In this bathroom she notices that there is feces in the toilet: Someone has used the bathroom and not flushed. Knox knows that both Laura and Filomena are away and she even states herself that none of the girls would have left something like that without flushing. So to recap Knox has returned to the cottage to find the front door open, blood in the bathroom, and feces in the toilet but Knox again just brushes it off. She doesn't even make an effort to ensure that she is alone in the house.

Amanda Knox claims that she wasn't concerned but she also doesn't flush the toilet. We know from Rudy's statement that he had a kebab and that it did not agree with him and that is why he had to use the bathroom. We know this feces has been there now for the entire night. The bathroom would be really smelly but rather than flush the toilet Amanda Knox would have people believe that she decided to blow dry her hair in a bathroom that smelled bad. Further, Knox knew that Filomena and Laura would not return until late that night and so the toilet would go unflushed for another day. Would you do your hair in a smelly bathroom or would you flush the toilet?

Amanda Knox's behavior with respect to the feces gets even more suspicious. She repeatedly mentions the feces to the police as if she is afraid the police will forget about it. Knox doesn't show the same concern with the bloody footprint on the bathmat or any of the other physical evidence but she is very much concerned that the police will miss the feces. The feces had previously been outside the toilet water but at some point it slid into the water and down so it was out of sight. Knox has a mini-panic when she notices the feces is missing. She behaves as if she just lost something valuable and then is relieved when the feces is discovered further down the bowl.

Amanda Knox's behavior at this point is simply not believable. No one would act this way. Amanda Knox left the feces in the toilet so that it would be evidence that someone other than her and Sollecito was at the cottage.

Discrepancy Between Knox and Sollecito's Account

In Amanda Knox's account she left the cottage and returned to Raffaele's where they prepared breakfast and it was only while having breakfast that she recounted the strange things she had seen at the cottage and then she became concerned. In Raffaele's version Amanda Knox is already panicked when she returns to his apartment. According to Raffaele Knox came running back to get him obviously forgetting about the existence of mobile phones. Raffaele eventually changes his story to he can't remember if they had breakfast or not.

Normally in situations like this you would expect that there would be differences in the two accounts. In fact if the two accounts are too perfect you'd be suspicious that it was rehearsed and a fabrication. The problem is that the discrepancy here can not be explained as two people remembering events differently. There is no way to confuse your girlfriend coming back in a panic with we cooked and had breakfast. The difference between the two accounts is not in minor details but in something significant. The only possible explanation is that they are both lying -- that none of this actually happened.

Knox's Phone Records

Amanda Knox's mobile phone records are also suspicious and indicate that she was involved with Meredith Kercher's murder.

The first issue is that Knox calls Filomena Romanelli at 12:08pm to report what she had discovered at the cottage. This phone call was routed through a cell tower that covers Sollecito's apartment but not the cottage. According to both Knox and Sollecito they did not discover the break-in until after they left Sollecito's and returned to the cottage but Amanda called her roommate Filomena to discuss the break-in while still at Sollecito's. According to Filomena Knox represented to her that she was at the cottage. Knox and Sollecito are lying since they knew about the break-in while still at Sollecito's yet in both their stories they claim to have no discovered the break-in until they returned to the cottage.

During the 12:08pm call to Filomena Knox explains that Meredith is unaccounted for. Filomena asks Knox to call Meredith but Amanda had just called Meredith at 12:07pm and failed to reach her. Knox doesn't say anything about that to Filomena. Instead Knox makes a 3 second and 4 second call to each of Meredith's phones. Knox later described this in her e-mail home as the phone kept ringing and ringing and that her concern increased with every ring. Obviously that isn't possible since the length of the calls was so short.

Also suspicious is that Knox never attempts to call Meredith again. According to Knox's version of events she got really concerned about Meredith after these phone calls. Raffaele attempted to force open Meredith's door. Knox ran to the neighbors who were not home to get help. Knox tried to climb over the balcony to look into Meredith's window. All of this culminates with Sollecito calling the emergency response number. Yet if you believe all this activity was happening at no point does Knox ever call either of Meredith's mobile phones. This is an atypical response. Would you break down a door or call 911 without at least trying to call the person you are concerned about again? Forty minutes pass between the two short calls to Meredith and Sollecito calling the emergency response number but Knox never calls Meredith again.

Amanda Knox's Pre-Dawn Call To Mom

Lastly, Knox calls her mother at 3am Seattle time. If you accept Knox's version of events at the time she made this phone call there was nothing to be concerned about. Naturally the question then is why would Knox call her mom in the middle of the night if there was nothing to be concerned about? This call happens at 12:47pm which according to Knox and Sollecito's version of events was at least 8 minutes before the Communications Police arrived. According to the established timeline this call happened roughly ten minutes after the Communications Police arrived. If we accept the established timeline Knox has a reason to call mom but under Knox's version of events there would be nothing worthy of a call home in the middle of the night for at least another ten minutes.

Amanda Knox seems to realize the problem this call presents to her situation. She omits it from he account of what happened that day when she writes her e-mail home. In a recorded jail visit she denies making this call to her mother.

Edda (surprised): But you called me three times.
Amanda: Oh, I don’t remember that.
Edda: Okay, you called me first to tell me about some things that had shocked you. But this happened before anything really happened in the house.
Amanda: I know I was making calls. I remember calling Filomena, but I really don’t remember calling anyone else. I just don’t remember having called you.
Edda: Why would that be? Stress, you think?
Amanda: Maybe because so many things were happening at once.
Edda: Okay, right.

Edda seems to know that something is up at this moment. She offers her daughter the opening to blame the discrepancy on stress except that at this point there would have been nothing to be stressful about. All that had happened is that someone had broken a window and according to Raffaele taken nothing. Edda also changes her account of the contents of that phone call after this conversation. The prosecution knew that Edda was perjuring herself when she testified and they strongly implied as much to the jury.

On the stand Knox also had trouble explaining the phone pre-dawn phone call home.

Comodi: You said that you called your mother on the morning of Nov 2.
Amanda: Yes.
Comodi: When did you call her for the first time?
Amanda: The first time was right away after they had sent us out of the house. I was like this. I sat on the ground, and I called my mother.
Comodi: So this was when either the police or the carabinieri had already intervened.
Amanda: It was after they had broken down the door and sent us outside. I don’t know what kind of police it was, but it was the ones who arrived first. Later, many other people arrived.
Comodi: But from the records, we see that you called your mother – not only from the billing records but also from the cell phone pings – that you first called your mother at twelve. At midday. What time is it at midday? What time is it in Seattle, if in Perugia it is midday?
Amanda: In Seattle it’s morning. It’s a nine hour difference, so, ah, three in the morning.
Comodi: Three o’clock in the morning?
Amanda: Yes.
Comodi: So your mother would certainly have been sleeping.
Amanda: Yes.
Comodi: But at twelve o’clock, nothing had happened yet. That’s what your mother said…
Amanda: I told my mother…
Comodi: …during the conversation you had with her in prison. Even your mother was amazed that you called her at midday, which was three or four o’clock in the morning in Seattle, to tell her that nothing had happened.
Amanda: I didn’t know what had happened. I just called my mother to say that [the police] had sent us out of the house, and that I had heard something said about…
Comodi: But at midday nothing had happened yet in the sense that the door had not been broken down yet.
Amanda: Hm. Okay. I don’t remember that phone call. I remember that I called her to tell her what we had heard about a foot. Maybe I did call before, but I don’t remember it.
Comodi: But if you called her before, why did you do it?
Amanda: I don’t remember, but if I did it, I would have called to…
Comodi: You did it.
Amanda: Okay, that’s fine. But I don’t remember it. I don’t remember that phone call.
Massei: Excuse me. You might not remember it, but the Public Minister [prosecutor] has just pointed out to you a phone call that your mother received in the small hours.
Commodi: At three o’clock in the morning.
Massei: So, that must be true. That did happen. Were you in the habit of calling her at such an hour? Did you do this on other occasions? At midday in Italy, which corresponds in Seattle to a time when… It’s just that we don’t usually call each other in the middle of the night.
Amanda: Yes, yes, that’s true.
Massei: So either you had a particular reason on that occasion, or else it was a routine. This is what the Public Minister is referring to.
Amanda: Yes. Well, since I don’t remember this phone call, although I do remember the one I made later, ah. But. Obviously I made that phone call. So, if I made that phone call, it’s because I had, or thought that I had, something I had to tell her. Maybe I thought even then that there was something strange, because at that moment, when I’d gone to Raffaele’s place, I did think there was something strange, but I didn’t know what to think. But I really don’t remember this phone call, so I can’t say for sure why. But I suppose it was because I came home and the door was open, and so for me

The Calls to the Emergency Number

The evidence strongly suggests that Sollecito called the emergency number after the Communications Police had already arrived. To read a more detailed account of this please see:

The content of the calls are themselves suspicious. Sollecito gets questioned by the emergency operator and realizing he is in trouble he hangs up. A detailed discussion of the contents of the emergency phone call see:

Lying to the Police To Delay the Discovery of the Body

Around 12:30pm two officers of the Communications Police presented themselves at the cottage because they had recovered a phone belonging to Amanda's roommate that had been tossed from the road into someone's backward. This interaction eventually led to the Communications Police inquiring about Meredith's locked door. Amanda Knox lied to the police to discourage them from inquiring any further about the door. The only reason for Knox to lie to the police is that she knew what was behind the door and she was attempting to delay the discovery.

For a more detailed discussion of Knox Attempting to Delay Discovery of Meredith's Body


  1. Summary of Amy Frost's Testimony (Feb 13 2009)